The Pan American Health Organization
Promoting Health in the Americas

 Safe Hospitals

Health Surveillance & Disease Prevention & Control — Communicable Diseases: 
Acute Respiratory Infections - Anthrax - Antimicrobial Resistance - Campylobacter - Chagas -
Cholera - Dengue - Diarrheal/Enteric Diseases - Disease Outbreak News -
Emerging/Reemerging Diseases - Filariasis - Hantavirus - InfluenzaAvian |  Pandemic |  Seasonal - International Health Regulations - Leishmaniasis - Leprosy - Malaria -
Neglected Diseases - Parasitic Diseases - Rabies - Research - Salmonella - Shigella - Smallpox -
Tuberculosis - West Nile Virus  - Yellow Fever  -
Health Analysis & Statistics - Chronic Diseases - Veterinary Public Health

Health Surveillance and Disease Management / Communicable Diseases / Seasonal Influenza

PAHO-CDC Generic Protocol for Influenza Surveillance

Generic Proposal on Influenza Surveillance (GPIS)
Full Text
(45 pp, PDF, 4 Mb)
1. Preface
2. Background
3. Justification for a Surveillance System
4. Objectives of an Influenza Surveillance System
5. Sentinel Surveillance
6. Enhanced Nationwide Notifiable Disease Surveillance
- References
- Annexes


Until recently, the main objectives of influenza surveillance both worldwide and in the Region of the Americas have been the early detection of a new influenza virus strains and the ongoing analysis of viral circulation patterns at both the regional and national levels. The need to expand influenza surveillance to include other objectives has become evident in recent years. To this end, a new Generic Protocol for Influenza Surveillance (GPIS) was developed in collaboration with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The GPIS seeks to harmonize influenza surveillance throughout the Region and ensure that any single case of influenza caused by a new viral subtype be detected, as required by the revised International Health Regulations (IHR 2005). Furthermore, generation of robust data of the epidemiological characteristics of influenza will provide a better understanding of viral circulation patterns in tropical areas to guide decision-making regarding the introduction of vaccine.

Links:   |   PAHO Seasonal Influenza Page   |
WHO Global Influenza Programme   |   CDC Flu Page

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

Pan American Health Organization. All rights reserved.