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Disease Prevention and Control / Communicable Diseases / Malaria

Global Insecticide Use for Vector-Borne Disease Control (2nd ed.)

(M. Zaim & P. Jambulingam, WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme / WHOPES, 2005)

WHOPES Pesticide Guide

Full Text
(88 pp, PDF, via WHOPES site)
- Acknowledgements
- Introduction
- Collection of information
- Data analysis and observations on reporting
- All uses in vector control
- Malaria vector control
- Dengue vector control
- Chagas disease vector control
- Leishmaniasis vector control
- Other vector-borne diseases
- Selected insecticides—DDT
- Selected insecticides—Insect growth regulators
- Selected insecticides—Bacterial larvicides
- Country examples
- Annex I: Data reporting form and instructions for completion

- Other WHOPES Resources
- PAHO Malaria Page

Vector control constitutes an important element in the current global strategy for the control of major vector-borne diseases, and chemical control remains an important element in an integrated approach to vector control. In order to support product development, facilitate judicious use of insecticides and manage insecticide resistance effectively, there is a need to develop pesticide management systems based on regular monitoring and reporting of insecticide use in different disease control programs.

An attempt has been made to document the use of insecticides for vector control at the global level (WHO, 2002*) that could form the basis for the following:

  1. Development of guidelines on safe and effective use of insecticides.
  2. Development of guidelines for resistance management.
  3. Agreements for international use of insecticides (e.g. DDT, re-registration of insecticides in certain countries and how that may affect their international use).
  4. Investment for development of alternatives.
  5. Review and formulation of policies for insecticide usage at different levels.

This document is a continuation of such effort and contains information on the global use of insecticides for vector-borne disease control for the period 2000–2004.

* Zaim M (2002). Global insecticide use for vector-borne disease control. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO/CDS/WHOPES/GCDPP/2002.2).

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