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Gender Mainstreaming

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Project Partners
Ford Foundation
Rockfeller Foundation

The Pan-American Health Organziation (PAHO), through the Gender and Health Unit, has been implementing a project designed to mainstream gender within healh sector reform processes in the Region. The central objective of the project is the reduction of inequalities in women and men's health status, access to health care and participation in health decision-making that are unnecessary, avoidable and unjust. The project also seeks to identify and redress inequities by thoroughly documenting gender inequities in health and their relation to health sector polices; by democratizing information on gender inequities in health, particularly through providing data and evidence in order to inform policy decisions and empower advocates; and by assisting relevant stakeholders and civil society to institutionalize gender equity priorities into national policies. Particular (though not exclusive) emphasis is placed on inequalities which occur as a result of inappropriate institutional responses to sexual and reproductive health needs.

The first step of the project, which began in 2000, received funding from the Ford and Rockfeller Foundations, and is currently being implemented on a pilot basis in Chile and Peru. For more information about the project and its development over the last five years visit: Gender Equity and Health Sector Reform.


For more information about the work that GE and its partners are involved in on the subject of unremunerated work visit the web page on Unremunerated health care work in the household sector.[Spanish Only]

Gender equity in health sector reform policies in Latin America and the Caribbean - This article provides an introduction to the PAHO porject "Equidad de género en las políticas de reforma del sector de salud," whose objective is to promote gender equity in the health sector reform efforts in the Region. (Pan American Journal of Public Health Vol. 11, No. 5/6, 2002). Text in Spanish.

Gender, equity, and access to health services: an empirical approximation - This publication describes the conceptual framework and the objectives that guide the research initiative: "Gender, Equity, and Access to Health Services." (Pan American Journal of Public Health Vol. 11, No.5/6, 2002). Text in Spanish.

Descentralización de la salud, perspectiva de género y empoderamiento de la mujer - This document examines the impact of the decentralization of the health sector on women's empowerment and gender equity.

Equity, Gender and Health Polcy Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean - This document addresses the most significant implications of health and social security reform for gender equity and proposes a series of strategies to identify problems, mobilize resources and institutionalize responses.

El género y la reforma del sector salud - This document is the translation of a paper originally published in the Harvard Series on Gender and Health Equity.

Desigualdades ocultas: Género y reforma del sector salud - This article was published in Le Monde Diplomatique by the director of the Pan American Health Organization on the topic of health sector reform and gender.


Subregional Workshop on Gender Equity in Health Sector Reform
(October 27-28, 2003 - Managua, Nicaragua) The aim of this workshop was to sensitize key national stakeholders on the gender equity implications of health sector reform.
More information (only in Spanish)

The 18th Session (February 8-9 1999) of the Sub-Committee on Women, Health and Development looked at the incorporation of gender and women's health issues in health sector reform processes in the region.
More information


Visit the website on Unpaid Work in Health in the Household Sector [In Spanish]

Visit the website for the Gender Equity in Health Sector Reform Project [In Spanish]

Visit the website for the Chilean Observatory of Gender Equity in Health [In Spanish]

Pilot Projects



Fact Sheets

Unremunerated Health Work

Gender Equity in Health

Health Sector Reform and Sexual and Reproductive Rights[In Spanish]

Descentralización de la salud

Other Resources

Adapting to Change

Experts’ Perspectives on Globalization, HSR, Gender and RH

Gender: a Missing Dimension in Human Resource Policy and Planning for Health Reforms

Gender and Health Sector Reform: An Annotated Bibliography

Globalization, HSR, Gender and RH

Initiative for Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Health Reforms

SWAPs: Opportunities and Challenges for Gender Equity in Health

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
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Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

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