|Mainstreaming Ethnic Equity in Health Policies|
The Ethnicity and Health Project emerged as an institutional response to the request by governments that participated in the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Forms of Intolerance that was held in Durban, South Africa in 2001. At this meeting, participating governments encouraged agencies of the United Nations system to promote and implement activities that make it possible for them to recognize the impact of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related forms of intolerance as important macro social determinants of the state of physical and mental health, including the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and the access to health services.
In accordance with its mission to promote, in collaboration with a broad set of internal and external counterparts, the integration of the ethnic equity perspective into the development of health policies, technical cooperation programs, and the organizational policies of PAHO, the Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Unit aims to contribute to the reduction of health inequities due to gender and ethnic/racial factors. The project, whose strategy is that of mainstreaming, concentrates efforts on the collection and updating of information, methodological development, training of human resources, and advocacy.
Torres, Cristina. Disaggregation of Health Information:
Health policy-making instrument for reducing ethnic inequities, May 2005, PAHO/WHO, Washington, DC.
Torres, Cristina. Working to Achieve Ethnic Equity in Health: Ensuring that the Millennium Development Goals include an Ethnic Perspective in Latin America and the Caribbean, December 2004, Brazil.
Torres, Cristina. Working to Achieve Health Equity with an Ethnic Perspective: What has been done and Best Practices. Contribution to Intergovernmental Working Group on the Implementation of the Declaration and Program of Action of Durban, Geneva, Switzerland, October 2004.
Equity in Health from an Ethnic Perspective, PAHO, June 2001
WHO's Contribution to the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance (2001): Health and Freedom from Discrimination
Activities for 2005
The MDGs and Ethnic Groups, Presentation by Cristina Torres in the Second Conference of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Parliamentarians entitled: "Health- Key to Achieving Equity," Bolivia, November 28-29, 2005. (In Spanish)
The Latino's Health: Challenges and Questions, Presentation by Cristina Torres at the Fourth Annual Conference on Latinos Health entitled "Social justice and Latino Health," New York University, October 28-29, 2005.
The MDGs: Can Indigenous Populations and Afro-Descendants Improve Their Health Situation in Latin America? Presentation by Cristina Torres at the Interparliamentary Conference of Medical Parliamentarians, September 2005. (In Spanish)
International guidelines regarding ethnicity and race, Presentation by Cristina Torres in an event of the PAHO/Brazil office on Race, Ethnicity, Health and Development, Brasilia, Brazil, May 2005. (In Spanish)
Report to PAHO's Executive Committee: Ethnicity and Health,132nd Session of the Executive Committee, Washington, D.C., June 23-27, 2003.