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Violence and Injury Prevention

Violence and Injury Prevention

Unit Focus

  1. Developing surveillance systems.
  2. Promoting, designing & implementing research projects on specific issues.
  3. Creating networks.
  4. Developing violence-prevention programs.
  5. Advocacy.
  6. Building international coalitions for the prevention of violence.

Objectives & Strategies

General Objectives

  1. Contribute to the democratic strengthening of the governments of the Region in such a way as to guarantee the right to life and integrity of the citizens, their freedom, and dignity, and ability to enjoy social benefits equitably.
  2. Promote the adoption of comprehensive public policies for the prevention of violence, ranging from new laws to the implementation of projects to mitigate specific types of violence.
  3. Promote a heightened commitment of governments, society in general, and the communities for the recovery of citizen security and coexistence, as a collective effort that is everyone's duty.
  4. Create public spaces where the issue of the violence prevention is the cornerstone of the debate.

Specific Objectives

  1. Strengthen the capacity of the health entities to promote coexistence, prevent violence, detect and care for the patients/victims of violent trauma, and design rehabilitation and monitoring programs.
  2. Cooperate with national or municipal authorities in the design of Epidemiological Surveillance Systems, specific studies, and prevention projects.
  3. Promote the creation of National and Municipal Commissions or Committees responsible for implementing intersectoral policies of violence prevention and promotion of the public safety.
  4. Promote and support decisions of government that make it possible to target efforts on the most vulnerable social sectors: the poor, children, youths, women.
  5. Promote research on the causality of violence in specific contexts and the evaluation of interventions.
  6. Promote the incorporation of the issue of violence and its prevention at different educational levels, from primary school to the university level.

Strategies

  1. Development of Information Systems or epidemiological surveillance: For all types of violence, the implementation of information or epidemiological surveillance systems will be supported. An effort will be made to ensure that this information is available to the pertinent authorities in a timely fashion.
  2. Promotion of scientific research: As with any other health problem, it is necessary to have studies on which to base proposals for interventions and develop understanding of the issue. Scientific research will therefore be promoted, on items such as causes, risk factors, evaluation of interventions, evidence-based projects.

Indicators & Data

Networks

Click here for information on related networks with links to their sites.

Projects & Activities

Unit Documentation

  • Guidelines for the Epidemiological Surveillance of Violence and Injuries (Online book)
  • Concha-Eastman, A. (2001) Mesa Redonda: Medición de violencia: Problemática conceptual y práctica. (Controlling Violence: Conceptual Problem and Practice: in Spanish only). Paper presented at Round Table discussion, International Conference on Crime and Violence: Causes and Prevention Policies (Bogotá, May 4-5), sponsored by the University of the Andes and the World Bank.
  • Concha-Eastman, A. (2000) Violence: a challenge for public health and for all. J Epidemiol Community Health 55: 597-599.
  • Concha-Eastman, A & Guerrero, R. (1999) Vigilancia epidemiológica para la prevención y el control de la violencia en las ciudades / Epidemiological surveillance for the prevention and control of urban violence. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública (OPS) / Pan American Journal of Public Health (PAHO) 5 (4/5, abr.-mayo): 322-331. (abstract and full text can be downloaded via the BIREME database)

Related Sites

  • Click here for a page with information on related sites plus links to them.
  • Click here for a list of PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centers active in the area of injury prevention and non-communicable diseases.

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