Technical Documents


Country Profiles

2008: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This table provides quantitative data for 2008 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion by epidemiological week of report with subregional subtotals and information on serotypes. This page is routinely updated as new data arrives.(31/Dec/2008)
In English       HTML(53.9k)   PDF(52.59k)  

El Salvador: Activities to Fight Chagas Disease
This page serves as a resource with links to all online PAHO information on Chagas disease in El Salvador and current prevention and control activities taking place there: the subregional initiative, events, missions, photos, maps, etc.(8/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(6.1k)  
en español     HTML(6.56k)  

Malaria in the Americas: Time Series Epidemiological Data from 2000 to 2007
Data on the Region and on 21 countries are compiled in Excel charts embedded within a PowerPoint PDF presentation, first by Region and then by countries (listed alphabetically, with bookmarks to each of the 22 sections). There are six slides per country (according to data available), including (1) populations at risk, (2) malaria morbidity, (3) malariometric indices (API, AFI, AVI), (4) malaria microscopy, (5) slide positivity rate (SPR), and (6) malaria mortality.(13/Sep/2008)
In English       PDF(528.37k)  

Status of Malaria in the Americas, 1994-2007: A Series of Data Tables
These 13 Excel PDF data tables present the most recent summary of important malaria indicators/data: populations at risk, cases in non-malarious countries, morbidity in endemic countries, slide positivity rate, passive and active case detection, antimalarials used; completed treatments, malarious areas and control priorities, national malaria program budgets, and P. falciparum cases and treatment policies. Data presented in the tables are based on official annual reports from the health ministries of the respective countries.(11/Sep/2008)
In English       PDF(118.78k)  

Malaria Morbidity in the Americas: Baseline, Trends, and Targets (in Endemic Countries)
From more than 1.1 million cases reported in 2000, the Region lowered malaria morbidity to approximately 775,000 in 2007 or a decrease of 32%. These three tables and charts illustrate the current status of malaria in the 21 endemic countries of the Americas in comparison with baseline figures in 2000 and targets for 2010 and 2015. The overall decrease in 16 countries and increase in 5 were monitored in the context of strengthened health surveillance systems.(11/Sep/2008)
In English       PDF(52.72k)  

Barbados National Chronic NonCommunicable Diseases Commission (NCNCDC): Activities, 2007–2008
This page contains documents on Barbados' CNCD commission: membership, terms of reference, and 2007 achievements.(30/Jul/2008)
In English       HTML(2.11k)  

Number of Cholera Cases in the Americas, 1990-2008
This data table (Excel PDF) lists the number of cholera cases in the Americas from 1990 to 2008, per country and covering all countries in the Region of the Americas.(15/Jul/2008)
In English       PDF(29.05k)  
en español     PDF(30.89k)  

2007: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This table provides quantitative data for 2007 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion by epidemiological week of report with subregional subtotals and information on serotypes. This page is routinely updated as new data arrives.(5/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(39.69k)   PDF(51.37k)  

Yellow Fever: Number of Cases and Deaths, 1960–2007
This Excel PDF data table provides quantitative data on the number of cases of and deaths from yellow fever in selected endemic countries of the Americas.(15/Jan/2008)
In English       PDF(30.98k)  
en español     PDF(43.75k)  

Annual Malaria Cases and Deaths in the Americas, 1998-2006
This 46-slide PowerPoint presentation with Excel charts graphically presents the morbidity and mortality trends on malaria in the Region and in its 21 endemic countries. Based on the 2006 reports from countries, total malaria cases in the Americas have decreased by 20% between the years 2000 and 2006. During the same time period, 4 countries had a reduction of >75%, 4 with >50 to <75% decrease, and 7 others with <50% reduction. However, 6 nations in the Region continue to have increases in their annual number of malaria cases. The regional reduction in malaria mortality has decreased by nearly 70%. Eighteen member PAHO member states continue to be malaria free.(19/Nov/2007)
In English       PDF(333.26k)  

Survey of Diabetes, Hypertension and Chronic Disease Risk Factors: Villa Nueva, Guatemala 2007
The objectives of this survey were to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in people 20 years of age and older in a sample taken from the Municipality of Villa Nueva, Department of Guatemala; determine the prevalence of factors considered of risk for diabetes and hypertension; and determine the relationship between the prevalence of these diseases and certain demographic, environmental, social, cultural, and economic factors. This page contains a summary with findings as well as access to the full text. (7/Sep/2007)
In English       HTML(19.52k)   PDF(1204.63k)  
en español     HTML(20.1k)   PDF(1351.83k)  

Number of Cholera Cases in the Americas (1990–2006)
This Excel PDF table shows the number of reported cases of cholera in the Region and in the countries from 1990 to 2006.(8/Aug/2007)
In English       PDF(47.66k)  
en español     PDF(26.54k)  

Leprosy in Cuba
This PowerPoint presentation of 39 slides describes the current situation of leprosy in Cuba and the efforts being made to detect, treat, and eliminate the disease. It describes how services are organized and offers statistical information and a map showing incidence in the different parts of the country.(25/May/2007)
In English       PowerPoint  

2006: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This table provides quantitative data for 2006 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion by epidemiological week of report and with regional subtotals. This page is routinely updated as new data arrives.(27/Apr/2007)
In English       HTML(34.13k)  

Honduras: Activities to Fight Chagas Disease
This page serves as a resource with links to all online PAHO information on Chagas disease in Honduras and current prevention and control activities currently being carried out there: the subregional initiative, events, missions, educational materials, photos, maps, etc.(14/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(6.77k)  
en español     HTML(7.79k)  

Cervical Cancer Prevention in Peru: Lessons Learned from the TATI Demonstration Project
In Peru, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. In low-resource settings, the usefulness has been demonstrated of a 'see, triage, and treat' approach consisting of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) for screening, Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid Magnified (VIAM) as a triage test, and treatment by cryotherapy. In the region of San Martín, Peru, such a low-resource setting, a cervical cancer demonstration project was developed to evaluate the population effectiveness of this 'see, triage, and treat' approach. This page provides a summary and access to the full-text report.(15/Dec/2006)
In English       HTML(12.19k)   PDF(2013.2k)  
en español     HTML(13.23k)   PDF(1876.56k)  

Leprosy in Ecuador, 2006
Ecuador was the first country in the Americas to reach the goal of elimination of leprosy as a public-health problem. This nine-page country profile gives a good accounting of the progress made in recent decades as well as current challenges, with a series of illustrative graphs and maps.(3/Oct/2006)
In English       WORDL(303.62k)   PDF(159.78k)  
en español     WORDL(262.66k)   PDF(157.83k)  

2005: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This table provides quantitative data for 2005 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion by epidemiological week of report and with regional subtotals.(22/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(33.47k)  

Leprosy Situation: Region of the Américas, beginning of 2006
This data table shows the regional situation of leprosy in the Americas, per country, organized by prevalence as of end of 2005 and the number of new cases reported in 2005, new MB cases, new cases among women, new cases among children, new grade 2 disability cases, and relapses.(1/Jan/2006)
In English       HTML(9.02k)   PDF(36.99k)  
en español     HTML(9.21k)   PDF(695k)  

Leprosy Detection Rate 2005
This map shows the leprosy detection rate for 17 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.(1/Jan/2006)
In English       HTML(0.94k)   PDF(87.83k)  
en español     HTML(1.01k)   PDF(760.26k)  

Influenza Summary Report 2005
This 23-page PDF of an Excel spreadsheet table provides tabulated data on influenza activity in the Region of the Americas in 2005, arranged by country and epidemiological week and showing city, number of specimens processed, A(H1), A(H3), B, other, activity, and results, with total numbers appearing at the end of the chart.(22/Aug/2005)
In English       PDF(74.75k)  

2003: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This document provides tabular data for 2003 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in the Americas, by country and subregion and with regional totals, and by week reported. This page is routinely updated as new data arrives. (1/Jun/2005)
In English       HTML(32.63k)  

2004: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
This table provides quantitative data for 2004 on the number of cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion by epidemiological week of report and with regional subtotals. This page is routinely updated as new data arrives. (1/Jun/2005)
In English       HTML(32.4k)  

Area Covered by JICA Projects in Central America
This map shows the geographical extent of the collaboration project between PAHO and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for the control of Chagas disease in Central America (within the framework of the subregional initiative of Central American countries, IPCA).(18/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(2.97k)   PDF(1039.12k)  
en español     HTML(3.04k)   PDF(1000.78k)  

Distribution of Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma dimidiata (Central America, 2004)
This map shows the geographical distribution of the two main vectors for Chagas Disease in Central America, R. prolixus and T. dimidiata.(14/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(2.35k)  
en español     HTML(2.48k)  

Update: Situation of Cervical Cancer in the Americas (2002 data)
This page contains a graph and three tables to update data published by PAHO at the end of 2004 in A Situational Analysis of Cervical Cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean: Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri--Estimated Age-Specific Mortality Rates; Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri, Estimated Incident Cases and Deaths; Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri--Age-Standardized Incidence and Mortality Rates; and Estimated Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates for Breast and Cervical Cancers.(24/Jan/2005)
In English       HTML(19.49k)  
en español     HTML(20.44k)  

Leprosy Detection Rate 2004
This map shows the detection rate for leprosy for 11 Latin American and Caribbean countries.(1/Jan/2005)
In English       HTML(0.94k)   PDF(81.19k)  
en español     HTML(1k)   PDF(715.48k)  

Malaria in the Countries and Region of the Americas:Time Series Epidemiological Data, 1998–2004
22 presentations with data on the Region and on 21 countries: The charts in each presentation are divided into sections following a standardized format (according to data available), with such generic areas as the malaria burden, morbidity and mortality, malariometric indices (API, AFI, AVI, AMI), trends in case detection and diagnosis, treatment, and resources and financing. (1/Jan/2005)
In English       HTML(4.37k)  

Report on Activities and Results of the National Chagas Program (with support from JICA and Pro-Mesas/IRDC, 2004)
With regard to the objective of improving housing as part of the aforementioned National Strategic Plan against Chagas Disease, part of the management objectives of the PNCh is to work with institutions from the health sector devoted to the construction and improvement of rural dwellings, e.g. the Our Roots Program (Nuestras Raíces) of the Honduran Social Investment Fund (Fondo Hondureño de Inversión Social / FHIS), which coordinates its activities with support from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), among which are World Vision-Honduras, the Technical Council for the Integral Development of Honduras (COTEDIH), CARE, and the Liorna Foundation in Spain, among others. This page offers a summary, related links, and access to the full-text report in Spanish.(31/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(9.33k)  
en español     HTML(8.95k)   PDF(1065.14k)  

Update on the Malaria Epidemic in the Dominican Republic (16 December 2004)
Despite an intense search for febrile persons in construction sites, hoteles, and businesses in the tourist areas in Altagracia province, only three new cases have been detected there, thus confirming the success of measures taken. In Hato Mayor, no new cases were detected; nevertheless, house-to-house searches will be conducted to find febrile persons in the affected areas, in order to detect any person with a positive diagnosis who might re-establish transmission. This page contains a data table showing the cumulative cases of malaria for 2004 up to Epidemiological Week 49 (ending 12 December 2004).(17/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(15.08k)  
en español     HTML(15.09k)  

Official Communiqué: Commission of Health and Tourism Guarantees Absolute Malaria Control (Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 9 December 2004)
On December 9, 2004, local health authorities in the Dominican Republic issued the following update: Following the completion of the data collection corresponding to Epidemiologic Week (EW) 48 (28 November to 4 December 2004), and according to the data from the Nation Center for Control of Tropical Diseases (Centro Nacional de Control de Enfermedades Tropicales / CENCET), the endemic curve of malaria is within the safe zone. In epidemiological terms, the safe zone signifies that the endemic disease is under control.(9/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(2.74k)  
en español     HTML(3.6k)  

Final Report: Institutional Response to Diabetes and Its Complications (IRDC): An Evaluation of the Quality of Diabetes Care
Diabetes care and education are among the most important aspects in the fight against diabetes. Improvement in diabetes control is linked to better quality of life and survival. The aim of this PAHO-DOTA study was to assess the quality of care for people with diabetes mellitus (DM) in four outpatient clinics in The Bahamas, one specialized clinic in Jamaica, and two hospitals in Saint Lucia. This page offers a summary and access to the full-text report, including data tables.(10/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(5.49k)  
en español     HTML(6.07k)  

Yellow Fever: Map Depicting Cases in Proportion to Deaths (South America, 1999–2004)
This map quantitatively depicts cases of yellow fever in proportion to deaths from it, using pie charts per affected area of South America, from 1999 to 2004.(24/May/2004)
In English       HTML(1.94k)  
en español     HTML(2.2k)  
en Français    HTML(2.17k)  
em Português HTML(2.55k)  

Number of Cases and Deaths from Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) (Region of the Americas, 1993–2003)
This data table shows the number of cases and deaths from hantavirus in the Region, by country, from 1993 to 2004.(26/Apr/2004)
In English       HTML(11.18k)  
en español     HTML(11.34k)  

National Strategic Plan for Chagas Disease, 2003–2007
This page provides an executive summary of the plan and access to the full text. It contains a general introduction where the preparation of the PENCHAGAS is explained and justified, in addition to the strategic-planning process; a situation analysis; a response analysis with regulatory principles and strategies proposed to address this problem, plans of action per strategic area following a logical-framework methodology as well as maps of the areas where work will be carried out with international cooperation from 2003 to 2007; and a bibliography.(14/Feb/2004)
In English       HTML(11.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.56k)   PDF(3354.43k)  

Leprosy Elimination Monitoring (LEM) in Brazil, 2003
The present publication is a contribution of PAHO-Brazil in conjunction with the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which aims to improve and promote access to nationwide information on leprosy (Hansen's disease). The reported data resulted from the LEM exercise undertaken in the 27 Brazilian states during June and August 2003 by technicians from two PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centers in Brazil: Lauro de Souza Lima Institute and Alfredo da Mata Foundation. This page offers access to an abstract, an executive summary, the full-text report (complete with tables and figures), the LEM guide, and other useful links on leprosy. (31/Jan/2004)
In English       HTML(4.6k)  
en español     HTML(5.24k)  
em Português HTML(4.71k)  

Estrategia de Gestión Integrada de Prevención y Control del Dengue en Centroamérica y República Dominicana (EGI-CAD)
La Estrategia de Gestión Integrada del Dengue (EGI-Dengue) está basada en un nuevo modelo de trabajo integrado que incluye la promoción de salud y la búsqueda de nuevas asociaciones, se elabora una estrategia de gestión integrada para prevenir y controlar el dengue. Ésta introduce una nueva forma de colaboración técnica: la creación del Grupo Técnico para Dengue (GT-Dengue), grupo de expertos que partiendo del análisis regional se incorporan al trabajo del equipo técnico de los países para elaborar conjuntamente una estrategia nacional de gestión integrada. Esta página brinda un resumen y el informe de cómo se está aplicando la nueva EGI en Centroamérica y la República Dominicana. (30/Jan/2004)
en español     HTML(4.62k)  

Reports from the Brazilian States for Leprosy Elimination Monitoring (LEM) 2003
This page offers access to the reports from the Brazilian states resulting from LEM 2003, an independent formal evaluation with standard indicators developed by WHO for collecting data to complement routine information systems and to allow for greater detail with regard to health services, quality of care offers, and access to multidrug therapy (MDT) at the local, state, and national levels. The page also lists the WHO standard indicators used in this exercise.(31/Dec/2003)
In English       HTML(8.05k)  
en español     HTML(9.53k)  
em Português HTML(8.76k)  

Regional Core Health Data System - Country Health Profile 2002: SURINAME
This summary contains information from the Core Health Data System updated in the year 2002, and the General Health Situation and Trends for SURINAME (Summary of the Country Chapter, Health in the Americas, 2002 Ed.)(25/Jun/2003)
In English       HTML(42.34k)  
en español     HTML(31.76k)  

Country Profiles 2002 Alphabetical Index
Country Profiles 2002 Alphabetical Index(25/Jun/2003)
In English       HTML(17.46k)  
en español     HTML(14.69k)  

Country Profiles 2002 - Regional Index
Country Profiles 2002 - Regional Index(25/Jun/2003)
In English       HTML(18.85k)  
en español     HTML(18.41k)  

Tuberculosis: Number of Cases and AFB (+), Reduction Rate (Region of the Americas, by country and year, 2001–2002)
This table shows the incidence of TB and AFB (+) in the countries of the Americas for 2001 and 2002, along with the case-reduction rate in percentage.(1/Jan/2003)
In English       WORDL(81.41k)   PDF(250.58k)  
en español     PDF(250.82k)  

Case Development of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) (Region of the Americas, by country and year, 1993-2002)
This table shows the rising incidence of Hantavirus in the Americas, by country, from 1993 to 2002.(1/Jan/2003)
In English       WORDL(77.31k)   PDF(255.12k)  
en español     PDF(252.18k)  

Progress Report: Chagas Disease Vector Control Project, Republic of Guatemala (2000-2002)
This report provides details on progress made in the prevention and control of Chagas Disease in Guatemala: outcomes, financial input, cost-benefit analysis, advances in regional cooperation and other areas, and recommendations. The page provides a summary and access to the full text. It was collaboratively produced by PAHO, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and the Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS) of Guatemala.(31/Dec/2002)
In English       HTML(11.43k)   PDF(312.16k)  
en español     HTML(12.36k)  

Relevamiento de insecticidas de control de la enfermedad de Chagas del Cono Sur de América: Datos básicos (2a ed., marzo de 2002)
Esta nueva edición contiene información básica, sobre estos insumos de control, que ha sido señalada como útil y de interés por los Directores de los Programas Nacionales de Control. Se organiza por insecticida, nombre comercial, firma productora, concentración, formulación, dosis por m2, peso por carga en gramas, y costo.(31/Mar/2002)
en español     HTML(8k)   PDF(405.9k)  

Leprosy in Brazil: Epidemiology and Social Aspects
This presentation of 40 PowerPoint slides focuses on the epidemiological and social aspects of leprosy in Brazil, complete with maps, geographical information and a photo gallery of the patients themselves, addressing the problems they face in the community (with a call for community involvement in local detection and treatment programs and strong popular campaigns to combat the negative image and stigma associated with this disease).(31/Jan/2002)
In English       PowerPoint  
en español     PowerPoint  
em Português PowerPoint  

2001: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country and subregion)
These data tables for 2001 show the number of reported, confirmed cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas, by country and subregion.(31/Dec/2001)
In English       HTML(32.22k)  

Chagas Disease Vector Control Project in Guatemala: Progress Report, January-May 2001
The year 2000 marked the implementation of the Chagas Disease Vector Control Project, whose general objective is to eliminate transmission of the disease in Guatemala by 2010 and whose specific objective is to interrupt vector-borne transmission in eight Health Districts. Activities are carried out by the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MSPAS), by means of its Vector-Borne Disease Program, and strengthened by support from the Japanese government through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), working in coordination with the University of San Carlos of Guatemala (USAC), Del Valle University of Guatemala (UVG)/CDC-MERTUG, PAHO/WHO, the European Union-APRESAL, UNICEF and local NGOs. This page summarizes the activities and achievements during the period and offers access to the full-text report in Spanish (36 pp, PDF). (31/May/2001)
In English       HTML(6.95k)  
en español     HTML(7.21k)  

2000: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country)
This table show the number of reported, confirmed cases of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas during the year 2000, by country and subregional, with regional totals, and according to week noted.(31/Dec/2000)
In English       HTML(32.47k)  

CARMEN: Country Profiles
The CARMEN Initiative addresses all risk factors associated with non-communicable diseases and non-intentional injuries. However, the specific risk factors that each CARMEN program addresses are based upon a situational analysis and the priorities of each country.(24/Aug/1999)
In English       HTML(27.07k)  

1995: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country)
This data table shows the number of reported cases of Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the Americas for 1995, by country and week indicated. (31/Dec/1996)
In English       HTML(20.42k)  

1996: Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Region of the Americas (by country)
This data table shows the number of reported cases of Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in the Americas for 1996, by country and week noted. (31/Dec/1996)
In English       HTML(21.43k)  

Epidemiología y control de la leishmaniasis en las Américas, por país o territorio
En esta publicación se presentan los datos disponibles sobre la epidemiología y el control de la leishmaniasis en las Américas, por país y territorio. Los principales aspectos que se tratan son los siguientes: los parásitos, los vectores comprobados y sospechosos, los reservorios comprobados y sospechosos, la distribución geográfica, la gravedad de la enfermedad, los facotres socioculturales y económicos y las principales actividades de control. (Cuaderno Técnico No. 44, 1996)(31/Dec/1996)
en español     PDF(2526.2k)