Poverty and Health

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

IPCA: Initiative of the Countries of Central America for Control of Vector-Borne and Transfusional Transmission and Medical Care for Chagas Disease
This information sheet describes the activities of the subregional initiative to fight Chagas Disease in Central America, where PAHO and the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) collaborate with the country health authorities. It contains links to proceedings from meetings, project facts, maps, IEC materials, photos, etc.(7/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(14.71k)  
en español     HTML(15.13k)  

An Integrated Approach to Controlling Tuberculosis in Indigenous Populations (Cochabamba, Bolivia, 23-24 October 2007)
Latin America is characterized as being a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural region of great diversity, with more than 650 indigenous populations. Indigenous peoples' right to health is limited by a series of obstacles to care, for which reason their rates of morbidity and mortality from prevalent diseases are higher than among the general population. To overcome these barriers, there is a need to study them and identify specific control strategies and care models that will work in places where health systems have yet to reach, with the ultimate objective of reducing the risk of illness and death. This page offers a summary, the recommendations, and the full-text report in Spanish.(24/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(14.06k)  
en español     HTML(14.57k)   PDF(684.72k)  

Workshop on Geohelminth Control in the Countries of Central America, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic (Copán Ruinas, Honduras, 24–26 July 2007)
Currently soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) cause serious illness and sometimes permanent disability. These parasitic diseases are much more frequent in women, children, marginalized populations living in extreme poverty, and migrant workers. This meeting presented the epidemiological situation and activities being carried out for prevention and control and explored opportunities for implementing or strengthening deparasitization/deworming programs in the countries. This page offers a summary and access to the final report in Spanish.(27/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(9.7k)  
en español     HTML(9.99k)   PDF(290k)  

WHA60.25: Integrating Gender Analysis and Actions into the Work of WHO: Draft Strategy
This resolution from the 60th World Health Assembly in 2007 sets forth the WHO mandate to analyze the data and act in ensuring and integrating gender equality into all health-related areas and all levels of health-care delivery and services for women and girls of all ages.(23/May/2007)
In English       WHA60.25  
en español     WHA60.25  
en Français    WHA60.25  

A Turning Point 2007: Report of the Global Partners' Meeting on Neglected Tropical Diseases (Geneva, Switzerland, 19-20 April 2007)
An estimated one billion people--one sixth of the world’s population--are infected with one or more neglected tropical diseases. These diseases are largely ancient infectious diseases that thrive in impoverished settings, especially in the heat and humidity of tropical climates. This meeting of 200 key international partners declared to the world that control of these diseases deserves high priority on the global public health agenda and still greater determination to deliver appropriate health care to the millions of poor people in need.(20/Apr/2007)
In English       WHO  

Honduras: Activities to Fight Chagas Disease
This page serves as a resource with links to all online PAHO information on Chagas disease in Honduras and current prevention and control activities currently being carried out there: the subregional initiative, events, missions, educational materials, photos, maps, etc.(14/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(6.77k)  
en español     HTML(7.79k)  

CD47.R18: Health of the Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
Taking note of the existence of inequities in health and access to health care services that affect more than 45 million indigenous people living in the Americas; and because the United Nations Millennium Declaration cannot be reached unless the specific health needs of excluded populations, such as indigenous peoples, are addressed, this resolution of the 47th PAHO Directing Council in 2006 sets for the mandate to take a multicultural approach to include these groups and work towards greater equity and better health for all.(29/Sep/2006)
In English       CD47.R18  
en español     CD47.R18  
en Français    CD47.R18  
em Português CD47.R18  

XVth Meeting of the Southern Cone Intergovernmental Commision to Eliminate Triatoma infestans and Interrupt the Transmission of Transfusional Trypanosomiasis (INCOSUR-Chagas) (Brasília, Brazil, 6-9 June 2006)
This meeting reviewed the progress made by the six countries making up the initiative, issued a set of recommendations and conclusions, and made various decisions for the coming year. Highlighted was the situational diagnosis for Brazil, which achieved interruption of vector-borne transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi via Triatoma infestans throughout all of the 13 states where the vector is present.(29/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(5.47k)  
en español     HTML(5.26k)   PDF(690.08k)  

Chagas Disease: Harmonization Model for Inter-Agency Cooperation
Public-health programs have one common characteristic: few resources, which keep them from providing definitive solutions to these problems. The start of this joint effort came about relatively recently, but the results obtained to date permit some optimism in making it possible to foresee the future in positive terms vis-à-vis the resolution of this important health problem. The great challenge is to maintain the sustainability. This page offers a summary and access to the full text in Spanish. (15/Mar/2006)
In English       HTML(6.37k)  
en español     HTML(6.42k)   PDF(8102.62k)  

WHO Global Partners for Parasite Control: Worm Busters Campaign
This short fact sheet describes the World Health Organization Partners for Parasite Control (WHO/PPC) within the context of its collaboration in the Worm Busters campaign of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF). It lists partnerships with the United Nations, foundations, pharmaceutical companies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), countries, and academic and research institutions.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF-Wormbusters-WHOPCC  

Worm Busters Facts and Statistics
It's a Fact. Worms are treatable. Worms are beatable. This fact sheet from the priority health campaign Worm Busters of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF) provides the basic data on worms as a public-health problem (especially among children and pregnant women) that can be prevented through intervention and treatment.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/WormBusters  

Worm Busters! You can help children who are needlessly suffering.
There summary contained in this campaign poster from the Worm Busters fund-raising campaign of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF) provides some essential facts on intestinal parasites as a public-health problem and how PAHO is approaching the problem.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/WormBusters  

PAHEF Supported Projects: Worm Busters Campaign
This campaign description describes the Worm Busters campaign to address intestinal parasites as a public-health problem and how PAHO is mobilizing resources for intervention and treatment. Parasitic worm control in the Americas is a top priority of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF). Millions of children and adults are adversely affected by worm infestations, and the treatment is now inexpensive and accessible.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/Worm Busters  

Pedrito y la enfermedad de Chagas
Campaña contra el Chagas. Esta historieta fue diseñada para el proyecto OPS-JICA en El Salvador, junto con el Ministerio de Salud Pública y UNICEF, para educarles a los niños sobre la enfermedad de Chagas en la forma que a la vez los entretiene tanto como cuento que como juego.(12/Oct/2005)
en español     PDF(3271.31k)  

CD46.R16: PAHO Gender Equality Policy
Resolution adopted at the 46th PAHO Directing Council in September 2005, which lays down the PAHO mandate for gender equality in health and development in the Americas, in accordance with the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).(30/Sep/2005)
In English       PDF(22.47k)   CD46.R16  
en español     PDF(24.08k)   CD46.R16  
en Français    PDF(24.21k)   CD46.R16  
em Português PDF(23.84k)   CD46.R16  

The Millennium Development Goals: Deworming
The message of this two-page color flyer is The evidence is in: deworming helps meet the Millennium Development Goals! It places parasite control in the context of the MDGs and as such is a useful tool for policy-makers and health authorities.(28/Sep/2005)
In English       WHO/PPC  

XIVth Meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission of the Southern Cone (INCOSUR) for the Elimination of T. infestans and the Interruption of Transfusional American Trypanosomiasis (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 28–31 March 2005)
This page includes the recommendations of the meeting, which include (a) upcoming advances in Brazil in interruping vectoral transmission of T. cruzi via T. infestans throughout all endemic areas in the country; (2) approval of a patient care component for Chagas victims; (3) a possible regional meeting of subregional initiatives in 2006; and (4) strengthening of partnerships with MSF-Spain, CIDA and Belgian Cooperation.(31/Mar/2005)
In English       HTML(10.48k)  
en español     HTML(10.9k)  

Area Covered by JICA Projects in Central America
This map shows the geographical extent of the collaboration project between PAHO and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for the control of Chagas disease in Central America (within the framework of the subregional initiative of Central American countries, IPCA).(18/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(2.97k)   PDF(1039.12k)  
en español     HTML(3.04k)   PDF(1000.78k)  

PAHO-JICA Collaboration on Chagas Disease Control in Central America
This page provides a summary of the international partnership between PAHO and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for Chagas control in the Central American countries. Within the framework of the IPCA (Initiative of Central American Countries), the project involves interagency cooperation with various other partners.(17/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(14.48k)   WORDL(145.92k)   PDF(537.47k)  
en español     HTML(15.64k)   WORDL(135.68k)   PDF(498.19k)  

Manual para capacitadores sobre la enfermedad de Chagas: Conocimientos generales, prevención y vigilancia con participación comunitaria
Este manual, escrito para presentación en colegios y en reuniones comunitarias, sirve a los capacitadores para enseñar cómo controlar y prevenir la enfermedad de Chagas. Con lo aprendido, podrán orientar a los demás sobre las medidas de vigilancia con participación comunitaria. Esta página brinda una descripción más amplia y acceso a la libreta de aprendizaje, en colores, con ilustraciones que refuerzan el material didáctico.(25/Jan/2005)
en español     HTML(4.32k)   PDF(758.11k)  

Sin chinches, no hay Chagas: Chinches picudas, transmisoras de la Enfermedad de Chagas
Este folleto fue diseñado para educarle al público general en forma directa y sencilla, breve y concisa, sobre la enfermedad de Chagas: definición, síntomas, lugares vulnerables, transmisión, prevención y cómo colaborar con las autoridades de Salud para evitar la enfermedad. Esta página brinda el texto del folleto y da acceso al folleto mismo en colores para imprimir y distribuir.(19/Jan/2005)
en español     HTML(7.77k)   PDF(5869.11k)  

¡Se buscan chinches picudas! porque transmiten la Enfermedad de Chagas
Esta herramienta de educación pública, en tamaño de una tarjeta postal, fue el resultado de una colaboración internacional antichagásico centroamericana, para distribución masiva en las zonas endémicas. La meta fue lograr la participación de la comunidad en la lucha contra los dos vectores de la Enfermedad de Chagas, Rhodnius prolixus y Triatoma dimidiata. La tarjeta le enseña a la gente cómo identificar y capturar los chinches y entregarlos a los centros involucrados en actividades de detección, eliminación y tratamiento, al brindar instrucciones pictográficas en seis pasos de forma breve, clara y concisa.(14/Jan/2005)
en español     HTML(3.17k)  

Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination in the Americas: 5th Regional Program Managers' Meeting, 4th Regional Program Review Group Meeting (Paramaribo, Suriname, 26–29 October 2004)
This page offers the complete conference proceedings for both meetings, combined in one volume, with PowerPoint presentations integrated therein. It outlines the progress made in eliminating lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis), a dread disease of poverty causing permanent disability and thus constituting a major economic and social burden. Attending the meeting were those countries where the disease is still endemic or close to eradication, where major elimination efforts are underway.(30/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(6.38k)   PDF(4750.34k)  

Regional Meeting to Analyze Access to Antitubercular Treatment in Indigenous Populations (Panama City, 13–15 October 2004)
The purpose of this meeting was to analyze the status of TB in indigenous populations of the Region and to discuss alternatives to improve access to effective treatment, taking into consideration the geographical, cultural, and financial factors faced by these peoples. The objectives were to (1) get to know the specific situation of TB vulnerability found among indigenous peoples; (2) analyze the factors that can impede their access to adequate diagnosis, treatment, and adherence; (3) discuss innovative alternatives and strategies to allow health services to increase the detection of new TB cases, treatment adherence and cure rates among these populations; and (4) formulate workplans to deal with the problems identified and improve access to treatment and adherence. This page contains the translated executive summary and recommendations and access to the 168-page report in Spanish.(15/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(13.44k)  
en español     HTML(14.34k)   PDF(4198.12k)  

CD45.R3: Millennium Development Goals and Health Targets
This resolution from the 45th PAHO Directing Council in 2004 issues a series of mandates to advise countries on what they need to do to meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).(29/Sep/2004)
In English       CD45.R3  
en español     CD45.R3  
en Français    CD45.R3  
em Português CD45.R3  

Mission d'investigation d'une rumeur d'épidémie à Ca Pierre, commune de Fon Batis, 7ème section communale d'Arcahaie, Haïti: Rapport final
Cette page offre le rapport final de l'équipe envoyé à investiguer des rumeurs d'une épidémie de typhoïde en Haïti, celle que l'on a confirmée quelques jours après. Le rapport décrit la historique de la rumeur, les objectifs de la mission, la confirmation d'une flambée épidémique, la recherche active de cas, les actions entreprises, la conclusion de la mission et les actions à entreprendre.(30/Jun/2004)
en Français    HTML    PDF   

National Strategic Plan for Chagas Disease, 2003–2007
This page provides an executive summary of the plan and access to the full text. It contains a general introduction where the preparation of the PENCHAGAS is explained and justified, in addition to the strategic-planning process; a situation analysis; a response analysis with regulatory principles and strategies proposed to address this problem, plans of action per strategic area following a logical-framework methodology as well as maps of the areas where work will be carried out with international cooperation from 2003 to 2007; and a bibliography.(14/Feb/2004)
In English       HTML(11.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.56k)   PDF(3354.43k)  

Informe Final: VIa Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental de la Iniciativa de los Países de Centro América para la Interrupción de la Transmisión Vectorial y Transfusional de la Enfermedad de Chagas (IPCA) (Tegucigalpa, Honduras, 8–10 octubre 2003)
La VIa Reunión de la Comisión Técnica Intergubernamental se plantea la necesidad de buscar los mecanismos que le den sostenibilidad al proceso para alcanzar la meta de eliminación de la transmisión vectorial y transfusional, fijada para el año 2010 e incorporar el componente de tratamiento etiológico de la infección reciente en población menor de 15 años de áreas endémicas intervenidas como un objetivo colateral de la IPCA en vista de los avances de control de la transmisión vectorial. Esta página brinda el resumen y las recomendaciones y acceso al informe en texto completo.(10/Oct/2003)
en español     HTML(11.82k)   PDF(1355.25k)  

Fact Sheet: Primary Care in an Indigenous Community of Chorotes (Tartagal, Province of Salta, Argentina)
Within the framework of PAHO/WHO technical cooperation in Argentina, a Pilot Project began in late 2001 aimed at improving the quality of life of the indigenous peoples of the Chaco region. The project was a great success in that in involved full community participation and a multitude of actors. This fact sheet summarizes its activities and accomplishments.(24/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(10.56k)  
en español     HTML(10.39k)  

WHA52.11: Roll Back Malaria
This resolution from the 52nd World Health Assembly in 1999 recognizes the global burden of malaria is a challenge to human development and a significant cause of poverty and human suffering, particularly in the poorest nations of the world, and lays down a series of mandates on how to approach this problem through integrated and unified efforts.(24/May/1999)
In English       WHA52.11  
en español     WHA52.11  
en Français    WHA52.11  

WHA51.13: Tuberculosis
In 1998, the 51st World Health Assembly passed this resolution, which established the WHO global mandate for the fight against TB, which was adopted by PAHO for the Americas. It also set aside one day every year as World TB Day.(16/May/1998)
In English       PDF(1708.62k)  
en español     PDF(168.15k)  
en Français    PDF