Maternal Health

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

IPCA: Initiative of the Countries of Central America for Control of Vector-Borne and Transfusional Transmission and Medical Care for Chagas Disease
This information sheet describes the activities of the subregional initiative to fight Chagas Disease in Central America, where PAHO and the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) collaborate with the country health authorities. It contains links to proceedings from meetings, project facts, maps, IEC materials, photos, etc.(7/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(14.71k)  
en español     HTML(15.13k)  

Utilization of maternal health care services in the department of Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Evidence suggests that in order to improve maternal health outcomes in this region, interventions must be targeted at a hierarchy of levels: individual, household, and community. (Rev Panam Salud Publica/Pan Am J Public Health 24(2), 2008) (31/Aug/2008)
In English       Full text   

Intervenciones para mejorar los servicios de salud maternoinfantil y el estado nutricional de las madres y los niños: barreras y opciones
Aproximadamente 99% de las muertes maternas, neonatales e infantiles ocurren en países de ingresos medios y bajos (PIMB), sin embargo, la mayoría de las investigaciones publicadas se concentran en el 1% de esas muertes que ocurren en los países de ingresos altos. Por ello, aunque uno de los principales retos de las autoridades de salud de los países en desarrollo es llevar a cabo intervenciones de eficacia demostrada dirigidas especialmente a las poblaciones de menor acceso a los servicios de salud, esta tarea se hace difícil por la carencia de intervenciones validadas en ese contexto particular. Al aproximarse la fecha establecida para el cumplimiento de las Metas de Desarrollo del Mileno, la tarea de desarrollar políticas y programas que permitan alcanzarlas es, además de importante, urgente. (Rev Panam Salud Publica/Pan Am J Public Health 24(2), 2008) (31/Aug/2008)
en español     Texto completo  

CD48/17 - Regional Contribution to the Global Ministerial Forum on Research for Health
CD48/17 - Regional Contribution to the Global Ministerial Forum on Research for Health(20/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(79.56k)  
en español     PDF(32.15k)  
en Français    PDF(77.66k)  
em Português PDF(77.16k)  

WHA60.25: Integrating Gender Analysis and Actions into the Work of WHO: Draft Strategy
This resolution from the 60th World Health Assembly in 2007 sets forth the WHO mandate to analyze the data and act in ensuring and integrating gender equality into all health-related areas and all levels of health-care delivery and services for women and girls of all ages.(23/May/2007)
In English       WHA60.25  
en español     WHA60.25  
en Français    WHA60.25  

Report of the Regional Consultation on Information, Education and Communication (IEC) on Congenital Chagas Disease (CLAP, Montevideo, 17-18 May 2007)
In epidemiological importance, congenital Chagas disease constitutes the third mode of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission to humans. This consultation lays the foundations for information, education, and communication on which to raise consciousness among individuals, families, communities, society at large, professionals, and policy-makers, in order to act in a timely and sustainable way to diagnose and treat newborns infected by T. cruzi. This 12-page report gives an update, 20 recommendations, the list of participants, agenda, and brief bibliography.(18/May/2007)
In English       WORDL(205.31k)   PDF(174.93k)  
en español     WORDL(198.66k)   PDF(178.86k)  
en Français    WORDL(238.08k)   PDF(178.04k)  

Control of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections in the English- and French-Speaking Caribbean: Towards World Health Assembly Resolution 54.19 (Kingston, Jamaica, 15–17 May 2007)
The overall objective of this workshop was to advocate towards the WHA 54.19 (2001) goals, specifically by (1) raising awareness of WHA 54.19 in the Caribbean and the 2010 goal to deworm 75% to 100% of school-age children at risk for worm infection and morbidity; (2) providing a forum for interchange on current deworming activities in the participating countries; (3) providing an opportunity for them to lay the groundwork for developing national action plans for deworming at-risk school-age children; and (4) presenting an overview of the technical resources available from PAHO/WHO and other partners. This page provides a summary and the full-text report in PDF. (17/May/2007)
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en español     HTML(12.61k)  

CD47.R18: Health of the Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
Taking note of the existence of inequities in health and access to health care services that affect more than 45 million indigenous people living in the Americas; and because the United Nations Millennium Declaration cannot be reached unless the specific health needs of excluded populations, such as indigenous peoples, are addressed, this resolution of the 47th PAHO Directing Council in 2006 sets for the mandate to take a multicultural approach to include these groups and work towards greater equity and better health for all.(29/Sep/2006)
In English       CD47.R18  
en español     CD47.R18  
en Français    CD47.R18  
em Português CD47.R18  

Preventing disease through healthy environments: Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease
How much disease could be prevented through better management of our environment? The environment influences our health in many ways — through exposures to physical, chemical and biological risk factors, and through related changes in our behaviour in response to those factors. To answer this question, the available scientific evidence was summarized and more than 100 experts were consulted for their estimates of how much environmental risk factors contribute to the disease burden of 85 diseases. This report summarizes the results globally, with the access page providing an abstract, an executive summary, and access to the e-book.(16/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: A Guide to Essential Practice
This publication--produced by WHO and its partners--is designed to provide comprehensive practical advice to health care providers at all levels of the health care system on how to prevent, detect early, treat and palliate cervical cancer. The link provides access to the full text with a summary. (2/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

Gender, Health and Development in the Americas- Basic Indicators 2005
The brochure profiles gender differences in health and development in the 48 states and territories in Latin America and the Caribbean, focusing on women's reproductive health, access to key health services, and major causes of death. Its objective is to raise awareness of gender inequities in the region and promote the use of sex-disaggregated health statistics in the development of targeted health and development policies and other initiatives. (7/Nov/2005)
In English       PDF(564.54k)  
en español     PDF(568.83k)  

Worm Busters Facts and Statistics
It's a Fact. Worms are treatable. Worms are beatable. This fact sheet from the priority health campaign Worm Busters of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF) provides the basic data on worms as a public-health problem (especially among children and pregnant women) that can be prevented through intervention and treatment.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/WormBusters  

Worm Busters! You can help children who are needlessly suffering.
There summary contained in this campaign poster from the Worm Busters fund-raising campaign of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF) provides some essential facts on intestinal parasites as a public-health problem and how PAHO is approaching the problem.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/WormBusters  

PAHEF Supported Projects: Worm Busters Campaign
This campaign description describes the Worm Busters campaign to address intestinal parasites as a public-health problem and how PAHO is mobilizing resources for intervention and treatment. Parasitic worm control in the Americas is a top priority of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF). Millions of children and adults are adversely affected by worm infestations, and the treatment is now inexpensive and accessible.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF/Worm Busters  

WHO Global Partners for Parasite Control: Worm Busters Campaign
This short fact sheet describes the World Health Organization Partners for Parasite Control (WHO/PPC) within the context of its collaboration in the Worm Busters campaign of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF). It lists partnerships with the United Nations, foundations, pharmaceutical companies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), countries, and academic and research institutions.(1/Nov/2005)
In English       PAHEF-Wormbusters-WHOPCC  

CD46.R16: PAHO Gender Equality Policy
Resolution adopted at the 46th PAHO Directing Council in September 2005, which lays down the PAHO mandate for gender equality in health and development in the Americas, in accordance with the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).(30/Sep/2005)
In English       PDF(22.47k)   CD46.R16  
en español     PDF(24.08k)   CD46.R16  
en Français    PDF(24.21k)   CD46.R16  
em Português PDF(23.84k)   CD46.R16  

Factors associated with vaginal birth after previous cesarean section in Brazilian women
To identify factors associated with a vaginal second delivery in women who had one previous cesarean section. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública/Pan American Journal of Public Health, Volume 18, Number 2, August 2005, pp. 107-113(7) (1/Aug/2005)
In English       Full Text  
en español     Texto completo  

XIVth Meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission of the Southern Cone (INCOSUR) for the Elimination of T. infestans and the Interruption of Transfusional American Trypanosomiasis (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 28–31 March 2005)
This page includes the recommendations of the meeting, which include (a) upcoming advances in Brazil in interruping vectoral transmission of T. cruzi via T. infestans throughout all endemic areas in the country; (2) approval of a patient care component for Chagas victims; (3) a possible regional meeting of subregional initiatives in 2006; and (4) strengthening of partnerships with MSF-Spain, CIDA and Belgian Cooperation.(31/Mar/2005)
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en español     HTML(10.9k)  

Every Mother and Child Counts! World Health Day 2005 (organizers' toolkit, 2005).
The 2005 campaign focuses on making the health of women and children a higher priority for governments and the international community. Implementing today's knowledge can save millions of lives.(15/Mar/2005)
In English       PDF(651.84k)  
en español     PDF(678.68k)  

Maternal and Congenital Syphilis: Case Definitions
It’s estimated that two-thirds of the pregnancies that result in congenital syphilis or miscarriage could be entirely preventable with accessible and low cost technology. (Epidemiological Bulletin, Vol. 26, No. 1, March 2005)(1/Mar/2005)
In English       Full text  

Manual para capacitadores sobre la enfermedad de Chagas: Conocimientos generales, prevención y vigilancia con participación comunitaria
Este manual, escrito para presentación en colegios y en reuniones comunitarias, sirve a los capacitadores para enseñar cómo controlar y prevenir la enfermedad de Chagas. Con lo aprendido, podrán orientar a los demás sobre las medidas de vigilancia con participación comunitaria. Esta página brinda una descripción más amplia y acceso a la libreta de aprendizaje, en colores, con ilustraciones que refuerzan el material didáctico.(25/Jan/2005)
en español     HTML(4.32k)   PDF(758.11k)  

Update: Situation of Cervical Cancer in the Americas (2002 data)
This page contains a graph and three tables to update data published by PAHO at the end of 2004 in A Situational Analysis of Cervical Cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean: Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri--Estimated Age-Specific Mortality Rates; Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri, Estimated Incident Cases and Deaths; Malignant Neoplasms of the Cervix uteri--Age-Standardized Incidence and Mortality Rates; and Estimated Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates for Breast and Cervical Cancers.(24/Jan/2005)
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en español     HTML(20.44k)  

Informe Final: VIa Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental de la Iniciativa de los Países de Centro América para la Interrupción de la Transmisión Vectorial y Transfusional de la Enfermedad de Chagas (IPCA) (Tegucigalpa, Honduras, 8–10 octubre 2003)
La VIa Reunión de la Comisión Técnica Intergubernamental se plantea la necesidad de buscar los mecanismos que le den sostenibilidad al proceso para alcanzar la meta de eliminación de la transmisión vectorial y transfusional, fijada para el año 2010 e incorporar el componente de tratamiento etiológico de la infección reciente en población menor de 15 años de áreas endémicas intervenidas como un objetivo colateral de la IPCA en vista de los avances de control de la transmisión vectorial. Esta página brinda el resumen y las recomendaciones y acceso al informe en texto completo.(10/Oct/2003)
en español     HTML(11.82k)   PDF(1355.25k)  

Getting Specific: Actions to Reverse the Most Destructive Forces
Discusses the physical and sociological effects of tobacco use on users and nonusers, including in utero, infancy, and during childhood. (Building Better Health: A Handbook of Behavioral Change. © PAHO, 2003, pp. 287-330(44) (The full text article is available for purchase)(28/Jul/2003)
In English       Full Text  

Rescuing the Art of Breastfeeding
In El Limón, Guatemala, support groups organized by La Leche League International teach new mothers the benefits of breastfeeding and help them build confidence in their maternal skills. (Perspectives in Health Magazine, © PAHO 2003 8(1))(8/Jul/2003)
In English       Full Text  
en español     Texto comleto  

Obstetric complications: does training traditional birth attendants make a difference?
This article deals with Obstetric complications whose objective is to to assess the effect that a training intervention for traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in Guatemala had on the detection of obstetric complications, the referral of patients with complications to the formal health care system, and, ultimately, those patients’ utilization of essential obstetric care services. (Rev Panam Salud Pública, 2002 11(1))(15/Feb/2002)
In English       PDF(80.52k)