Technical Documents

Technical Documents

CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(1/Oct/2008)
In English       CD48.R5  
en español     CD48.R5  
en Français    CD48.R5  
em Português CD48.R5  

Regional Strategy on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health
Chronic diseases are the major cause of death in all the countries of the Americas. This strategy was created to deal with this new epidemic: It Strategy is comprehensive, requiring a combination of interventions for the population and individuals. It is integrated, spanning prevention and control strategies focusing on the major chronic diseases and cross-cutting risk factors (especially diet, physical activity, tobacco, and alcohol). Finally, it is intersectoral, because most of the major determinants of the chronic-disease burden lie outside the health sector. This page offers an executive summary and access to the full text in PAHO publication format, as well as related initiatives.(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(6.92k)   PDF(1669.81k)  
en español     HTML(7.68k)   PDF(1662.37k)  
en Français    PDF(754.25k)  
em Português PDF(625.47k)  

CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity
CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(153.91k)  
en español     PDF(173.39k)  
en Français    PDF(161.64k)  
em Português PDF(157.84k)  

CD48/8 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48/8, Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(244.31k)  
en español     PDF(175.23k)  
en Français    PDF(190.52k)  
em Português PDF(244.52k)  

Introduction to Social Marketing: Its Application for Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (Mexico City, Mexico, 28 July – 1 August 2008)
This 40-hour course was sponsored by PAHO's CARMEN School, the summer courses at the National Institute of Health of Mexico, and the University of South Florida. As a result, the technique of Social Marketing selected at the course will be used will be used for dissemination and application for social communication in the areas of obesity and overweight among children, physical activity, diabetes, cervical cancer, and limiting the sale of junk food and products from vending machines.(1/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(6.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.73k)  

Trans Fat Free Americas: Declaration of Rio de Janeiro
Public health authorities, representatives of the food industry, and companies producing edible fats and oils--convened by the PAHO/WHO in the city of Rio de Janeiro from 8-9 June 2008--made this declaration against trans fatty acids in foods produced for human consumption.(9/Jun/2008)
In English       PDF(165.74k)  
en español     PDF(169.27k)  
em Português PDF(157.03k)  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)  

Chronic Diseases: PAHO Activities
This page describes the mission, priority areas and activities related to chronic diseases: not only cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes but also risk-factor surveillance and integrated risk-factor and disease management (diet and physical activity, etc.).(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(4.2k)  
en español     HTML(4.67k)  

CE142/9 - Population and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity
In English       PDF(114.07k)  
en español     PDF(129.71k)  

Scaling Up Primary Health Care as a Major Strategy in the Prevention and Control of the Chronic Disease Epidemic (Global Health Council’s 35th Annual International Conference on Global Health, Washington, DC, 27 May 2008)
PAHO moderated a special session in this event devoted to strengthening primary care to deal with the chronic disease epidemic. This page contains a summary of the session plus the program, flyer, and four presentations.(27/May/2008)
In English       HTML(4.93k)  
en español     HTML(5.49k)  

Caribbean Private Sector Response to Chronic Diseases (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 8-9 May 2008)
The objective of this meeting was to mobilize the Caribbean private sector to take a more active role in the reduction of chronic noncommunicable diseases by implementing measures to reduce the risk of these diseases affecting its own employees as well as the wider community, as well as supporting a Caribbean Wellness Day. This page offers a downloadable CD-ROM with all documentation and presentations. (9/May/2008)
In English       HTML(9.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.21k)  

Promoting Physical Activity in the Caribbean (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 6-7 May 2008)
This training course was held to educate participants in the value of physical activity in promoting health, with real-life examples of built environments, public spaces, and urban planning that promote walking, biking, and use of public transportation. The online presentations contain the latest data on obesity and hundreds of photos that speak for themselves and prove how these concepts have been applied effectively, with arguments as to their validity that refute common myths as to why it can't be done. This page offers all training materials.(7/May/2008)
In English       HTML(7.73k)  
en español     HTML(9.9k)  

Dominica's National Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Summit (14 December 2007)
Three months after the CARICOM Heads of Government NCD Summit in Port-of-Spain on 15 September 2007, Dominica held a National CNCD Summit. The meeting was attended by the President, Prime Minister, cabinet, and civil society, including the private sector, NGOs, and the media. This page contains a summary and the report.(14/Dec/2007)
In English       HTML(3.39k)  
en español     HTML(3.72k)  

CARMEN Network Biennial Meeting: Sharing, Learning, Imagining, Planning and Partnering to Implement the Chronic Disease Regional Strategy within the CARMEN Network (Nassau, Bahamas, 4–8 November 2007)
This page contains the materials and eventual output from the Biennial Meeting for the CARMEN Network for the integrated prevention and management of chronic noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in the Americas. The meeting will include a variety of presentation from four main areas: policy and advocacy, surveillance and research, health promotion and disease prevention, and integrated disease and risk-factor management. This page contains all meeting materials, including the final report.(15/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(10.18k)  
en español     HTML(11.37k)  

Capacity-Building in Prevention and Control of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Focal Points Meeting (Panama City, Panama, 10–12 October 2007)
This page provides complete orientation on what PAHO is currently doing in the area of chronic noncommunicable disease prevention and control: While the Noncommunicable Disease Unit plays a main role role in implementing the Regional Strategy on diet, physical activity, and health, it is a shared responsibility among all staff working in chronic disease prevention and control across several PAHO Units and Areas, Country Offices, and Centers. This meeting provided an opportunity for professional briefing, updating, and agreement for all involved personnel throughout the Organization. This page provides all meeting materials and presentations and gives a thorough overview of the current situation, strategic direction, and planned activities. (12/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(15.86k)  
en español     HTML(17.43k)  

Biannual Meeting of the CARMEN Network (Santiago, Chile, 19-21 October 2005)
In light of the projected increase of deaths due to chronic disease (a 17% increase), the objectives of the meeting were to present the PAHO Noncommunicable Disease Unit and its areas of technical cooperation; to review developments in CNCD prevention and control in CARMEN Member Countries; and to discuss the future of the CARMEN network. This strategic meeting was attended by 60 representatives from over 20 countries.(4/May/2007)
In English       HTML(5.88k)   PDF(421.57k)  
en español     HTML(6.68k)   PDF(423.58k)  

Subregional Meeting of Representatives and Center Directors from Central America, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, and the US-Mexican Border Field Office (Belize City, 12–16 February 2007)
This consultation follows up on the one held in Panama in November 2007 on the implementation of the Estrategia regional y Plan de acción para un enfoque integrado sobre la prevención y el control de las enfermedades crónicas, incluyendo el régimen alimentario, la actividad física y la salud in Central America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. This page contains a summary of the consultation, a PowerPoint presentation on the Regional Strategy as it relates to Central America, and the results of the Panama meeting.(16/Feb/2007)
In English       HTML(4.41k)  
en español     HTML(4.84k)  

All About Diabetes
This site of the American Diabetes Association offers basic information for people with diabetes.(26/Oct/2006)
In English       ADA  
en español     ADA  

Obesity and Overweight (WHO Fact Sheet No. 311)
This official WHO fact sheet provides basic information on obesity and overweight. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used in classifying overweight and obesity in adult populations and individuals. It is defined as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). BMI provides the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. WHO defines "overweight" as a BMI equal to or more than 25, and "obesity" as a BMI equal to or more than 30. These cut-off points provide a benchmark for individual assessment, but there is evidence that risk of chronic disease in populations increases progressively from a BMI of 21.(24/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

Charting New Directions for Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Prevention and Control in the Americas: A Joint NHLBI/PAHO Workshop (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA, 13–15 October 2004)
The main purpose of this workshop is to share experiences, identify complementarities, and propose a joint plan for a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)/Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Pan American Cardiovascular Initiative (PACI), by involving the CARMEN Network Members, selected programs and initiatives of the NHLBI and PAHO, and key partners.(29/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(3.64k)  

Proyecto VIDA: Informe final de la 3era Sesión de Aprendizaje (SA3) (Hotel Posada Xalapan, Xalapan, Veracruz, México, 13-15 abril 2004)
La Sesión de Aprendizaje 3 (SA3) buscó reforzar las actividades de entrenamiento realizadas en los centros de salud haciendo hincapié en el control metabólico, seguimiento nutricional y cuidados de los pies, también presentarán los resultados obtenidos por los centros de salud en el Período de Acción 2 y se buscará lograr una mayor participación de los pacientes, empezando por una dramatización de su percepción de la atención de salud, seguido por grupos de trabajo para evaluación de lo vivenciado. Se presentaron los resultados de la evaluación ACIC y se abordarán los componentes del modelo de atención y los ciclos de mejoría.(15/Apr/2004)
en español     HTML(6.3k)   PDF(2025.24k)  

Proyecto VIDA: Presentaciones de la 3era Sesión de Aprendizaje (SA3) (Xalapan, Veracruz, México, 13-15 abril 2004)
Estas 11 presentaciones en PowerPoint abordan las actividades del proyecto con relación al control metabólico, al seguimiento nutricional y a los cuidados de los pies, al incluir los resultados obtenidos por los centros de salud en el Período de Acción 2 cuando se logró una mayor participación de los pacientes, seguido por grupos de trabajo de evaluación.(15/Apr/2004)
en español     HTML(5.99k)  

II PAHO-DOTA Workshop on Quality of Diabetes Care (Diabetes Research Institute/DRI, University of Miami, 14-16 May 2003)
To address the problem of the high prevalence of diabetes in English-speaking Caribbean subregion, this meeting was aimed at the following: to review the status of quality care for people with diabetes in the Caribbean; to discuss the results of the evaluation of quality of care in Jamaica, St. Lucia and the Bahamas; to review strategies to improve quality of care for people with diabetes; and to define an action plan for improvement of quality of diabetes care in the Caribbean. This page offers access to a summary, the conference presentations, and the final report. (25/Mar/2004)
In English       HTML(5.8k)  
en español     HTML(6.73k)  

Comparación de dos regímenes dietéticos en personas extremadamente obesas
En Estados Unidos de América se observa un incremento progresivo del número de personas con obesidad y diabetes tipo 2. Según estadísticas de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades de ese país, la situación es alarmante, ya que casi dos terceras partes de la población estadounidense tienen exceso de peso corporal. (Rev Panam Salud Pública 2003 14(1):42)(18/Jul/2003)
en español     PDF(36.9k)  

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Costa Rican elementary school Children
This article presents a study carried out from July 2000 to April 2001 to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban and rural Costa Rican elementary school children. (Rev Panam Salud Pública, 2003 13(1))(15/Feb/2003)
In English       HTML(3.58k)  
en español     HTML(3.75k)  

The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
Worldwide, healthy life expectancy can be increased by 5 to 10 years if governments and individuals work together to reduce major health risks in each Region. This report examines more than risks to health and identifies interventions that would reduce these risks, thereby increasing healthy life years. The risks to health include underweight, unsafe sex, high blood pressure, tobacco, alcohol, unsafe water and sanitation, cholesterol, indoor smoke from solid fuels, iron deficiency and overweight. (30/Oct/2002)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  

Anthropometric Indicators of Obesity: Epidemiologic and Public Health Aspects of Their Development and Use
The author asserts that developing appropriate anthropometric indicators for obesity poses three critical questions: the objective of identifying obese or overweight people; the selection of an anthropometric indicators; and the selection of an optimum cutoff point for that indicator. (Chapter in "Obesity and Poverty: A New Public Health Challenge," 2000; pp95–100) (You can purchase this chapter)(1/Jul/2000)
In English       Full Text