Disaster Mitigation

For more information, visit the Disasters and Humanitarian Assistance Page of the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Area of the Pan American Health Organization.

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

¿Su hospital es seguro? Preguntas y respuestas para el personal de salud
Esta publicación ayuda al personal de instalaciones de mediana o baja complejidad a identificar posibles vulnerabilidades de su edificación. A partir de ellas se recomienda una estrategia de intervención, donde se priorizan las acciones a desarrollar de acuerdo a su importancia, tiempo y recursos disponibles.(17/Jan/2008)
en español     HTML(3.59k)  

Hospital Safety Index
The Hospital Safety Index gathers general information for each facility on variables such as: level of complexity, population served, specialties, health staff, available services, location, hazards, and the history of disasters at the site. An assessment is then made of the level of safety of the structural and nonstructural components and functional and organizational aspects of the hospital.(17/Dec/2007)
In English       HTML(14.81k)  
en español     HTML(17.57k)  

Preparativos en salud, agua y saneamiento para la respuesta local ante desastres
Esta publicación destaca la importancia de la participación activa de los sectores de salud, agua y saneamiento en la organización local de los preparativos y la respuesta, y ofrece pautas para facilitar el desarrollo de medidas oportunas y eficaces que protejan la integridad de la población y la de su entorno, en situaciones de emergencias y desastres.(21/Sep/2007)
en español     HTML(3.69k)  

¿Cómo reducir el impacto de los desastres en los sistemas de agua y saneamiento rural?
Esta publicación presenta los principales impactos de los fenómenos naturales en los sistemas rurales de agua y saneamiento y propone medidas para reducir las vulnerabilidades que originan estos daños, con la finalidad de que se incluyan en la planificación, diseño y construcción de esta infraestructura y en los procesos de rehabilitación y/o reconstrucción, cuando los daños ya han sido reportados.(19/Sep/2007)
en español     HTML(4.02k)  

The Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Quality of Life by Reducing Vulnerability
This joint publication (PAHO, UNICEF, ISDR, and IFRC) was introduced at the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in March 2006 to draw attention to the importance of ensuring that water and sanitation systems remain fully operational in the aftermath of natural disasters. It is hoped that in this way, countries will meet, by the year 2015, the MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Risk management is an important tool for the fulfillment of global challenges to provide water and sanitation services to all at all times.(8/May/2006)
In English       HTML(3.59k)  
en español     HTML(3.65k)  

Guía de Preparativos de Salud Frente a Erupciones Volcánicas
La nueva Guía de Preparativos de Salud Frente a Erupciones Volcánicas brinda material de apoyo para la preparación de planes de contingencia del sector de la salud para enfrentarse a estas emergencias. Consta de cinco módulos e incluye un CD con presentaciones en PowerPoint para cada módulo, una descripción de la situación de los volcanes en Ecuador y Venezuela y publicaciones de referencia.(11/May/2005)
en español     HTML(10.56k)  

Tropical Storm Jeanne
Jeanne is the tenth storm of the 2004 hurricane season. It has affected Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.(17/Sep/2004)
In English       HTML(17.25k)  
en español     HTML(9.24k)  

Frente frio afecta a Honduras
Un frente frio ha estado afectando a Honduras en el mes de febrero de 2004. Como consecuencia se han producido lluvias severas que han causado inundaciones en diferentes partes del país.(23/Feb/2004)
en español     HTML(9.98k)  

Estudio de la vulnerabilidad no estructural - Hospital Escuela - Honduras
El Hospital Escuela en Honduras ha realizado un estudio de vulnerabilidad de sus elementos no estructurales para garantizar que los servicios básicos sigan funcionando en sus instalaciones en situaciones de emergencia, que es cuando más se les necesita. Los resultados de este estudio se han publicado en forma impresa y en CD-ROM.(4/Nov/2003)
en español     HTML(5.17k)  

Volcanic Eruption in Montserrat
The government of Montserrat declared the island an emergency zone after the Soufriere Hills volcano started erupting on Juy 12, 2003. Conditions have been exacerbated by heavy rains. Although there have not been serious injuries, the government has requesed the donation of dust masks for the population.(16/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(4.38k)  

Donations in-kind for the Iraq Crisis: Guidance to Donors
The United Nations has received many offers of in-kind humanitarian assistance—donations of goods or personnel—for Iraq and requests for advice on how aid might best be provided. View the guidelines prepared for potential donors, including a list of key agency contacts for emergency in-kind contributions. Specific guidelines on field hospitals and drug donations are also included.(12/May/2003)
In English       HTML(5.85k)  

Epidemiological surveillance in disaster situations: Guide for the local level
This guide provides an overview of local-level needs with regard to health information during emergency and disaster situations. It is a practical, simple, flexible tool that is appropriate for use throughout the Americas, if each country's characteristics and special features are taken into account. It has been produced within the framework of a multi-country project in Central America to reduce vulnerability to disasters in areas affected by Hurricane Mitch. In Spanish only.(10/Oct/2002)
en español     HTML(4.2k)  

Aprendiendo a vivir con el volcán, protegemos nuestra salud (only in Spanish)
In a simple and easy-to-understand format, this pamphlet offers guidance on mitigating the effects of volcanic eruption on potable water and sewerage systems. It emphasizes the importance of protecting against ashfall and ensuring a safe water supply by protecing water sources and treatment plants. Basic guidelines to disinfect water are also included. (only in Spanish)(9/Apr/2001)
In English       only in Spanish  
en español     PDF(346.87k)  

Technical Guidelines for Disaster Situations - Environmental Health
Practical Public Health Information for disaster situations prepared by PAHO's technical divisions.(25/Jun/2000)
In English       HTML(2.26k)  
en español     HTML(2.47k)  

Technical Guidelines for Disaster Situations - Immunization
Practical Public Health Information for disaster situations prepared by PAHO's technical divisions.(25/Jun/2000)
In English       HTML(3.61k)  
en español     HTML(2.85k)  

Technical Guidelines for Disaster Situations - Donations
Practical Public Health Information for disaster situations prepared by PAHO's technical divisions.(25/Jun/2000)
In English       HTML(6.29k)  
en español     HTML(6.36k)  

Drains & You: A Manual for Drainage Maintenance Workers
This manual is useful not only for drainage workers engaged in cleaning and repairing secondary drains, working for ministries and local governments, but also for the general public in making them aware of the role drains play in public health and safety. In the latter sense, it serves as a social-communication tool to raise community awareness of the general public of domestic-sanitation issues and their effect on public health. This page offers the entire manual for field use, with chapters downloadable in PDF.(30/Mar/2000)
In English       HTML(4.17k)