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Technical Documents

Detección de mecanismos de resistencia a los antimicrobianos en el laboratorio
Este folleto, diseñado para uso del personal de laboratorios de microbiología, guía la detección de los mecanismos de resistencias de bacilos gramnegativos y cocos grampositivos. El propósito del folleto es contribuir a la adecuada prescripción de antibióticos, a través de la interpretación del antibiograma por los microbiólogos. carátula(31/Dec/2008)
en español     PDF(540.65k)  

Network of PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centers and National Reference Laboratories for Dengue in the Americas
One of the objectives of PAHO/WHO is to strengthen diagnostic laboratory networks in the Region and promote exchange and technological transfer among them. For each institution, by country, the list below includes a general information sheet describing the objectives, mission and vision, publications, and research projects of each PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center and National Reference Laboratory involved in diagnosing dengue in the Americas. At the end of each sheet is a link to a questionnaire on the laboratories' capacity, the techniques they use, and the networks in which they participate.(29/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(8.91k)  
en español     HTML(8.52k)  

Manual for the Bacteriological Diagnosis of Tuberculosis: Standards and Technical Guidelines—Part 1, Smear Tests
Although technological progress has promoted innovations in bacteriology, sputum-smear microscopy has not been subject to substantial technical modifications. However, new epidemiological situations—especially the incidence of tuberculosis among people living with HIV and the need to more rigorously guarantee the quality of results and human and environmental safetyhave promoted a new update of the standards seen in this special guide designed to strengthen laboratory capacity in Latin America. (24/Jan/2008)
In English       HTML(12.79k)  
en español     HTML(13.14k)   PDF(1576.52k)  

Manual for the Bacteriological Diagnosis of Tuberculosis: Standards and Technical Guidelines—Part 2, Cultures
When diagnosing TB, cultures complement smear tests, since they can show viable bacilli present in limited quantity in a lesion sample, characterizing them so as to ascertain that it is indeed the TB bacillus and see if it is sensitive or resistant to TB drugs. Hence, the role of cultures is more important in scenarios with a median or low incidence of tuberculosis, with high levels of TB/HIV co-infection, and with a multiresistant medium or a high tuberculosis burden. This document contains a summary with access to the full text in Spanish of this special guide produced for Latin America(24/Jan/2008)
In English       HTML(11.1k)  
en español     HTML(11.05k)   PDF(2073.94k)  

Recommendations and Laboratory Procedures for Detection of Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus in Specimens from Suspected Human Cases
Procedures proposed in this document are intended for testing specimens from patients with suspected avian influenza A(H5N1) infection. It is intended for use by National Influenza Centers (NICs; members of the WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network) during phases of interpandemic and pandemic alert.(31/Aug/2007)
In English       Recommendations and Laboratory Procedures - WHO  
en español     PDF(409.54k)  

The Role of National Influenza Centres (NICs) during Interpandemic, Pandemic Alert and Pandemic Periods
National Influenza Centres (NICs) are the backbone of the WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network (GISN), working to protect global public health by updating seasonal influenza vaccine compositions and functioning as a global alert mechanism for the emergence of influenza viruses with pandemic potential. As a result, it has contributed greatly to the understanding of influenza epidemiology and supporting WHO recommendations for surveillance and vaccine preparation.(31/May/2007)
In English       The Role of National Influenza Centres (NICs)-WHO  
en español     PDF(102.3k)  

Centro Nacional de Diagnóstico y Referencia (CNDR), Departamento de Virología, Ministerio de Salud de Nicaragua
Esta hoja informativa brinda información sobre el Centro Nacional de Diagnóstico y Referencia (CNDR) de Nicaragua y sobre el Laboratorio de Referencia Nacional responsable por diagnosticar casos de dengue. El CDNR es uno de los Centros Colaboradores de la OPS/OMS(7/Mar/2007)
en español     PDF(146.46k)  

Instituto Evandro Chagas (Información sobre los Centros Colaboradores de la OPS/OMS y los Laboratorios de Referencia Nacionales de las Américas que trabajan en dengue)
En 2006 el Programa Regional de Dengue mandó dos formularios a todos los Centros Colaboradores OPS/OMS y Laboratorios de Referencia Nacionales que trabajan con dengue y diagnóstico de dengue, uno para una hoja informativa y otro para las actividades laboratoriales. Esta hoja informativa, con vínculo al formulario sobre diagnóstico, brinda una descripción detallada del Instituto Evandro Chagas (IEC) en Brasil del punto de vista del dengue.(18/Jan/2007)
en español     PDF(200.83k)  

Influenza: Technical Module (Peru)
This technical document in Spanish, put together by the General Office of Epidemiology of the Ministry of Health of Peru and the National Institute of Health of Peru offers up-to-date information in the form of a manual on influenza for doctors and laboratory technicians working in the country.(19/Oct/2005)
In English       Handbook in Spanish  
en español     Módulo técnico  

CD46.R5: Progress Report on the Global Safe Blood Initiative and Plan of Action for 2005-2010
This resolution from the PAHO Directing Council sets forth its Organizational mandate and plan of action to guarantee blood safety and prevent diseases transmitted by blood transfusion.(29/Sep/2005)
In English       CD46.R5  
en español     CD46.R5  
en Français    CD46.R5  
em Português CD46.R5  

VIth Meeting of the Southern Cone Surveillance Network for Emerging Infectious Diseases (Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, 4–5 March 2005)
This yearly meeting was sponsored by PAHO and three US government agencies: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Agency for International Development (USAID). This page offers a summary on compliance with the past year's recommendations and the recommendations made at the meeting, as well as access to the final report in Spanish.(5/Mar/2005)
In English       HTML(28.06k)  
en español     HTML(30.9k)   PDF(2230.19k)  

Meeting of Supranational TB Reference Laboratories in the Americas (Santiago, Chile, 6-7 December 2004)
The PAHO Regional Program on Tuberculosis, with support from its Country Office in Chile and from the Institute of Public Health of Chile, will hold a meeting of the supranational TB reference laboratories certified by WHO for the Region of the Americas, from 6-7 December 2004 in Santiago.(6/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(4.3k)  
en español     HTML(4.53k)  

Regional Meeting of the Tuberculosis Laboratory Network (Mexico City, 6–8 September 2004)
The PAHO TB Program has just published (in Spanish) the final report for this meeting, the objectives of which were (1) to analyze and discuss aspects related to the areas of quality control, National Tuberculosis Programs (NTPs) using current and new techniques, and TB Laboratory Networks managing information; (2) become acquainted with the experiences of selected countries that have successfully dealt with these areas; (3) get to know the work of the laboratories currently carrying out reference functions in the Region; (4) distribute and discuss regional proposals; and (5) promote collaboration and communication networks among those in charge of TB Laboratories and the Heads of National TB Programs. (9/Jun/2004)
In English       HTML(3.88k)  
en español     HTML(4.08k)  

Estudio de la vulnerabilidad no estructural - Hospital Escuela - Honduras
El Hospital Escuela en Honduras ha realizado un estudio de vulnerabilidad de sus elementos no estructurales para garantizar que los servicios básicos sigan funcionando en sus instalaciones en situaciones de emergencia, que es cuando más se les necesita. Los resultados de este estudio se han publicado en forma impresa y en CD-ROM.(4/Nov/2003)
en español     HTML(5.17k)  

CD44.R6: Primary Health Care in the Americas: Lessons Learned over 25 Years and Future Challenges
This resolution from the 44th PAHO Directing Council in 2003, taking into consideration the Declaration of Alma-Ata and past PAHO resolutions, sets forth the mandate of improving the quality of primary care in the Americas: more equitable access to health services, improved surveillance and information systems in this context, improved training for healthcare workers, a health promotion approach, better policy implementation, local community-based approaches and models, working towards the Millennium Development Goals, etc.(25/Sep/2003)
In English       CD44.R6  
en español     CD44.R6  
en Français    CD44.R6  
em Português CD44.R6  

Manual de procedimientos de técnicas para el diagnóstico del dengue
Esta guía de diagnóstico, elaborada conjuntamente por los países centroamericanos y coordinada por el Laboratorio de Virología del Centro Nacional de Diagnóstico y Referencia del Ministerio de Salud de Nicaragua, tiene como principal objetivo estandarizar el diagnóstico de laboratorio de dengue, para que en todos los países se utilicen metodologías parecidas y haya un manual técnico de orientación para utilizar al momento de realizar una técnica especifica en el laboratorio. (72 páginas, PDF)(15/Aug/2002)
en español     PDF(222.38k)  

CD41.R15: Strengthening Blood Banks in the Region of the Americas
On pages 26-28 of this final report of the 41st PAHO Directing Council in 1999, you will find Resolution 15 on strengthening blood banks in the Americas to prevent disease transmitted by blood transfusion, as is the case with transfusional Chagas disease. This resolution constitutes the PAHO mandate to combat transfusional transmission of Chagas.(1/Oct/1999)
In English       CD41.R15  
en español     CD41.R15  
en Français    CD41.R15  
em Português CD41.R15  

CD35.14: Eradication/Elimination of Certain Diseases from the Region
This resolution from the PAHO Directing Council sets forth the mandate for the eradication and elimination on onchocerciais (river blindness), Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis) through blood transfusion, and leprosy (Hansen's disease) from the Americas.(30/Sep/1991)
In English       CD35.R14  
en español     CD35.R14