Disaster Response

For more information, visit the Disasters and Humanitarian Assistance Page of the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Area of the Pan American Health Organization.

   Books


Books

Efectos de la Erupción del Volcán Reventador (2002) en los Sistemas de Agua y Alcantarillado
Este documento analiza los efectos de las erupciones del año 2002 en los sistemas de agua y alcantarillado de tres provincias ecuatorianas que estuvieron entre las más afectadas por el evento: las provincias del Napo, Sucumbíos y Pichincha (en esta última se ubica el Distrito Metropolitano de Quito). Tomando en cuenta tanto zonas urbanas como rurales, el texto sistematiza la información sobre el impacto de la erupción en diferentes aspectos de los sistemas de agua y alcantarillado, recoge las lecciones aprendidas sobre el fenómeno y plantea recomendaciones para afrontar eventos similares en el futuro. Así, el documento se constituye en una referencia para los interesados en delinear acciones y estrategias ante este tipo de fenómeno en otros países de América Laitna y el Caribe.(13/Sep/2006)
en español     HTML(4.67k)  

Evaluación de Necesidades en el Sector Salud con Posterioridad a Inundaciones y Huracanes
El hecho de que no sean apropiadas la sincronización y la naturaleza misma del socorro obedece en parte nada pequeña a la falta de un método adecuado para evaluar las necesidades existentes. Estas necesidades varían con arreglo a la etapa e índole del desastre: terremoto, erupción volcánica o inundación. Es necesario disponer de una metodología uniforme para evaluar rápidamente las necesidades. Si se aplicara, este método permitiría adoptar medidas correctas en el corto plazo y lo que es más importante en el caso de las inundaciones establecer un sistema de control a más largo plazo para alertar a las autoridades sanitarias con respecto a riesgos tardíos. Esta publicación es un paso en ese sentido. Presenta una metodología para seleccionar datos pertinentes de fuentes apropiadas. El método se basa en la premisa de que, por más que cada inundación ofrezca sus propias peculiaridades, se deben adoptar decisiones fundamentales que son comunes.(13/Sep/2006)
en español     HTML(5.09k)  

Los desastres naturales y la proteccion de la salud
Los desastres naturales y la proteccion de la salud(12/Sep/2006)
en español     HTML(6.99k)  

Environmental Health Management after Natural Disasters
(12/Sep/2006)
In English       HTML(6.17k)  
en español     HTML(4.25k)  

Hospitales Seguros ante Inundaciones
Hospitales seguros ante inundaciones expone los efectos más comunes de las inundaciones en los servicios de salud y brinda recomendaciones técnicas para aplicar en la prevención, la mitigación, la rehabilitación y la reconstrucción de la infraestructura de salud vulnerable a inundaciones.(30/Aug/2005)
en español     HTML(4.08k)  

Safe Hospitals - A Collective Responsibility - A Global Measure of Disaster Reduction
Protecting critical health facilities, particularly hospitals, from the avoidable consequences of disasters, is not only essential to meeting the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations, but also a social and political necessity in its own right. This is the message that Safe Hospitals—A Collective Responsibility, A Global Measure of Disaster Reduction, prepared by PAHO/WHO for the UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction, puts forth.(28/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(4.14k)  
en español     HTML(4.25k)  

Cholera Outbreak: Assessing the Outbreak Response and Improving Preparedness
This document offers a framework for the assessment of a cholera outbreak response, which will help to provide a comprehensive overview of outbreak response; pinpoint the main strengths and weaknesses of said response; improve preparedness for and response for future outbreaks; and provide accurate recommendations based on WHO official guidelines. This page offers a summary of the document and a link to the full text in PDF on the WHO site. (20/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(5.82k)   WHO  

Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations
This manual should be of interest to specialists in disasters and in management of human remains, and especially national or local authorities who are responsible for ensuring that bodies are treated in a dignified manner and that the human rights of those affected by disasters are respected.(9/Sep/2004)
In English       HTML(5.17k)  
en español     HTML(5.39k)  

Logros en Salud en Centroamérica: Cinco años después de Mitch
Cinco años después del huracán Mitch—uno de los desastres más devastadores en la historia de Centroamérica—los países más afectados han hecho avances muy importantes en la reducción de su vulnerabilidad a los desastres. Esta publicación se enfoca en muchos de estos logros: hospitales y sistemas de salud más seguros; comunidades mejor preparadas para enfrentarse a las consecuencias para la salud de los desastres; información al día y mucho más.(17/Feb/2004)
en español     HTML(3.18k)  

Disaster Chronicles - Eartquakes in El Salvador 2001
The chronicle describes actions and analyzes the efficiency of the disaster preparedness programs, their impact on the health sector response in the assistance and recovery stages. It includes a list of lessons learned geared toward health sector workers and managers, that will help draw conclusions of interest for the management of future emergencies and disaster situations.In Spanish only.(22/Aug/2002)
en español     HTML(4.66k)  

Lecciones Aprendidas de los Terremotos de 2001 en El Salvador (only in Spanish)
This publication captures the lessons learned from a workshop held in El Salvador in July 2001 in 12 areas of the health sector--from medical emergency care and epidemiological surveillance to the environmental health aspects. More than 225 actors involved in the health response following the earthquakes of January and February 2001 participated.(7/Jan/2001)
In English       only in Spanish  
en español     sólo en español  

Disaster Chronicles: El Niño 1997-1998 (only in Spanish)
Now that we are in a period "between Niños," it would be extremely useful to revisit the 1997/1998 phenomenon and draw from the experiences and lessons learned, so we can better prepare ourselves for the next episode. This book, available only in Spanish, is a technical and institutional retrospective of El Niño's effect on the health sector, showing the extent to which the 1997/1998 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) affected daily life and public health in most Latin American countries. To access the book in full-text visit Crónicas de desastres: Fenómeno El Niño . If you would like to buy a copy of the book visit the Bookstore .(19/Sep/2000)
en español     HTML(4.77k)  

Impact of the Disasters on the Public Health (only in Spanish)
It is a very well documented book that provides excellent information on the causes, history, frequency, duration and consequences of the largest and most frequently occurring disasters in the world. It is a book that will be very useful in the library of anyone involved in the area of disasters. (3/Sep/2000)
In English       Online Bookstore  
en español     HTML(5.91k)   Librería en línea  

Crónicas de Desastres: Terremoto de Cariaco, Venezuela (only in Spanish)
In July 1997, a major earthquake hit the Venezuelan state of Sucre. This report reconstructs the events and describes the impact on and response of local and national health authorities. It is an example of how disaster managers cope in a sudden-onset disaster.(10/Dec/1999)
In English       only in Spanish  
en español     HTML(2.88k)  

Disaster Chronicle: Hurricanes Georges and Mitch
An analysis of the impact on health, capturing the lessons learned on preparedness and the response from the health sector in the assistance to the victims of Georges and Mitch. These hurricanes that had devastating consequences and severely affected the population of Central America and the Caribbean in September and October of 1998. We have compiled eight national reports in this series which describe the events and analyze the impact on the most affected countries. To access the book in full-text visit Disaster Chronicle: Hurricanes Georges and Mitch. If you would like to buy a copy of the book visit the Bookstore. (1/Sep/1999)
en español     HTML(4.33k)  

Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities
The book focuses on problems encountered in areas at high risk for seismic events. It introduces the essential aspects of carrying out vulnerability assessments and applying practical measures to mitigate damage in hospitals, addressing structural and nonstructural aspects, as well as administrative and internal organization. To access the book in full-text visit Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities. If you would like to buy a copy of the book visit the Bookstore .(13/Jul/1999)
In English       HTML(4.29k)  
en español     HTML(5.9k)  

Humanitarian Assistance in Disaster Situations: Guide for Effective Aid
This book offers recommendations for donors and beneficiaries in making their decisions to maximize the benefits in the short and long terms for the countries affected by natural and complex disasters. This Guide provides strong evidence that humanitarian assistance can considerably benefit a country ravaged by disaster if it responds with real needs. It combines and updates several publications that PAHO has published in the last 15 years. To access the book in full-text visit Humanitarian Assistance in Disaster Situations. If you would like to buy a copy of the book visit the Bookstore . (1/Jul/1999)
In English       HTML(3.15k)  
en español     HTML(3.54k)  

Crónicas de Desastres: Terremoto de Aiquile, Cochabamba, Bolivia (only in Spanish)
In May 1998, Bolivia was hit by one of the most severe earthquakes in the country’s recent history, presenting a major challenge to authorities in charge of response and rehabilitation in the affected areas. This recounts events during the initial impact of the earthquake, relief efforts, and the early phases of reconstruction from the perspective of the health sector. The report highlights innovations developed in the area of environmental health.(24/Oct/1998)
In English       only in Spanish  
en español     HTML(3.3k)  

Accidentes químicos: Aspectos relativos a la salud. Guía para la preparación y respuesta (only in Spanish)
Three documents are included in this publication: the General Guidelines, which will assist in the development of effective policies for preparing and responding to chemical accidents; the Practical Guidelines, which are more detailed and meant for the operative sector; and the Final Summary, which has a checklist of essential measures for planning and carrying out prevention, preparedness, and response activities specific to chemical accidents. To access the book in full-text visit Accidentes químicos. If you would like to buy a copy of the book visit the Bookstore .(1/Jul/1998)
en español     HTML(4.61k)  

Natural Disaster Mitigation in Drinking Water and Sewerage Systems: Guidelines for Vulnerability Analysis
Vulnerability analysis-the topic of this publication-provides a simple approach for assessing the vulnerability of system components to the impact of hazards in a particular area. The outcome of the analysis will define the necessary mitigation measures and emergency response procedures should a disaster occur. These guidelines are meant to be used as an analytical tool by engineering and technical personnel working with drinking water and sewerage services to diagnose the behavior of these systems in the event of a natural disaster.(1/Jul/1998)
In English       HTML(4.63k)   Bookstore  
en español     HTML(5.12k)   Librería en línea  

Manual para la mitigación de desastres naturales en sistemas rurales de agua potable (only in Spanish)
Damage to water and sanitation systems in rural areas as a consequence of disasters often results in the suspension of these critical services. This compounds the effects of economic losses and poorly organized disaster response in rural areas, increasing hazards to the health and general well-being of affected communities. This publication focuses on particular aspects of disaster mitigation for water and sewerage systems serving rural areas, and is of interest to administrators and technical personnel of water authorities.(1/Jun/1998)
In English       only in Spanish  
en español     HTML(4.33k)  

International Conference on Disaster Mitigation in Heath Facilities
The Conference Recommendations presented in these Proceedings reflect the commitment of Govermments, institutions, and individuals to work toward the goal of reducing the loss of life, material damage, and the social and economic disruption caused by natural disasters.(1/Jan/1996)
In English       HTML(4.47k)  
en español     HTML(4.99k)