Violence Prevention

For more information, visit the Violence Prevention Page.

   Technical Documents

Technical Documents

WHA60.25: Integrating Gender Analysis and Actions into the Work of WHO: Draft Strategy
This resolution from the 60th World Health Assembly in 2007 sets forth the WHO mandate to analyze the data and act in ensuring and integrating gender equality into all health-related areas and all levels of health-care delivery and services for women and girls of all ages.(23/May/2007)
In English       WHA60.25  
en español     WHA60.25  
en Français    WHA60.25  

CD46.R16: PAHO Gender Equality Policy
Resolution adopted at the 46th PAHO Directing Council in September 2005, which lays down the PAHO mandate for gender equality in health and development in the Americas, in accordance with the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).(30/Sep/2005)
In English       PDF(22.47k)   CD46.R16  
en español     PDF(24.08k)   CD46.R16  
en Français    PDF(24.21k)   CD46.R16  
em Português PDF(23.84k)   CD46.R16  

Physical, psychological, emotional, and sexual violence during pregnancy as a reproductive-risk predictor of low birthweight in Costa Rica
The purpose of this article is to determine the prevalence of physical, psychological, emotional, and sexual violence during pregnancy and the association that that violence has with low birthweight. (Rev Panam Salud Pública, 2003 14(2):75-83)(7/Aug/2003)
In English       HTML(4.2k)  
en español     HTML(4.17k)  

Perceptions and experiences of violence among secondary school students in urban Jamaica
The objective of the study presented in this article was to obtain information on the perceptions and experiences of violence among secondary school students in Kingston, Jamaica, and its environs. (24/Feb/2003)
In English       HTML(3.87k)  
en español     HTML(4.32k)  

Helmet use by motorcyclists injured in traffic accidents in Londrina, southern Brazil
The purpose of this article is to describe helmet use among motorcyclists injured in traffic accidents in Londrina, a medium-sized city in Paraná, a state in southern Brazil, and to identify factors associated with not wearing a helmet at the time of the accident. (24/Jan/2003)
In English       HTML(3.63k)  
en español     HTML(3.55k)  

Protection of Mental Health in Disasters and Emergency Situations
The objective of this publication is to offer practical planning guidelines to act in the immediate aftermath of an emergency, and it does not include treatment of psychosocial problems that arise in the medium- and long-term. It is directed toward community efforts and promotes coordination between the multiple agencies that work in the mental health field, frequently with different points of view. In Spanish only.(10/Oct/2002)
en español     HTML(4.72k)  

Calculation for Age-Standardized Mortality Rate (ASMR) by Gender for Selected Countries in Latin America & the Caribbean (1996-1999, per 100,000 pop., by gender)
These tables provide data for 1996-1999 (though rates are not available for all years in all cases) for the following NCDs: stomach cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrest, stroke, transport accidents, falling, firearms, drowning, respiratory trauma, electrocution, fire/smoke/burns, poisoning, other accidents, suicides, homicides, unknown intention, external causes and diabetes. The tables will be updated regularly and we invite our users to consult the site periodically for such updates. All calculations were done in accordance with International Classification of Disease (ICD), Version 10. Last update: 12 April 2004.(24/Jun/2002)
In English       HTML(117.47k)  

Statistics on Homicides, Suicides, Accidents, Injuries. and Attitudes towards Violence
These twelve graphs and tables offer statistic information on homicides, suicides, accidents, different types of injuries, and attitudes towards violence for selected cities and countries of the Region of the Americas, as well as a graph on endemic violence worldwide in terms of deaths by homicide for youth in selected countries, and global percentage of deaths due to injuries.(9/Jan/2002)
In English       HTML(19.04k)  

Child Abuse in Latin America and the Caribbean
This presentation focuses on the situation of child abuse in Latin America and the Caribbean, where difficulties in implementing an epidemiological surveillance system result in the current lack of data on child abuse and neglect. The resulting situation is one where a lack of understanding exists, impacting negatively upon the implementation of prevention programs. The purpose of this presentation is to remedy these difficulties and contribute to stopping the problem. The HTML document summarizes the 37-slide Powerpoint presentation and provides a link to it.(10/Nov/2001)
In English       HTML(2.66k)   PowerPoint  

Underlying cause of death from external causes: validation of official data in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
This article from the February 2001 issue of the Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública/Pan American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 9, No. 2) presents a study whose objective was to validate the underlying cause of death recorded on the death certificates for individuals under 20 years of age who died from external causes in 1995 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. (26/Feb/2001)
In English       HTML(3.84k)  
en español     HTML(3.76k)  

Physical violence against women in Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia: prevalence and related factor
This article from the February 2001 issue of the Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública/Pan American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 9, No. 2) presents a study whose objective was to estimate the magnitude of the problem of violence in intimate relationships affecting women in Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia, and identify the factors related to the risk of being battered. (21/Feb/2001)
In English       HTML(4.14k)  
en español     HTML(4.34k)  

Guidelines for the Epidemiological Surveillance on Violence and Injuries
These guidelines were prepared in response to the need observed in various countries of the Americas where the increase in intentional and unintentional injuries has become a pressing social and public health problem. The fundamental purpose of these guidelines is to promote and guide the creation of epidemiological surveillance systems on violence and injuries, using the definition and universally accepted concepts of epidemiological surveillance that have been applied to other types of public health problems. The ultimate goal is to support knowledge, analysis, and decision-making related to the control and prevention of these problems. This site also contains a link to the WHO guidelines on the same theme.(10/Jan/2001)
In English       HTML(4.93k)  
en español     HTML(5.15k)  

Parenting and physical punishment: primary care interventions in Latin America
The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of involving public sector primary health care providers to inform parents about alternatives to physical punishment.(28/Apr/2000)
In English       HTML(4.23k)  
en español     HTML(4.86k)  

Authoritarian attitudes and violence in Madrid
One of the objectives of the Multicentric Study on Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia, the ACTIVA project) is to analyze the relationship between those attitudes that foster violence and the violent behaviors themselves. This article examines the relationship between attitudes and two components of violence: its justification and its actual occurrence.(27/Apr/1999)
In English       HTML(3.42k)  
en español     HTML(3.4k)  

The psychosocial impact of violence in San Salvador
This study had two objectives: (1) to describe the levels of victimization of Salvadorians due to criminal violence, and the population groups most affected by it; (2) to learn if these levels of victimization are related to the presence of norms, attitudes, and behaviors that encourage the occurrence of violence.(25/Apr/1999)
In English       HTML(3.09k)  
en español     HTML(3.19k)  

Being a victim of urban violence: its likelihood and its associated variables in cities of Latin America and Spain
This article looks at eight cities in Latin America and Spain and compares the chances of and variables associated with being a victim of various kinds of urban violence.(18/Apr/1999)
In English       HTML(2.93k)  
en español     HTML(2.95k)  

Multicenter Study: Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (ACTIVA project): methodology
The purpose of this article is to describe the conceptual bases and methods used in the ACTIVA multicenter study, as well as the process employed in the different stages of the research. This article appears in Vol. 5, No. 4/5 (April and May 1999) of the Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública/Pan American Journal of Public Health. (16/Apr/1999)
In English       HTML(4.56k)  
en español     HTML(4.88k)  

Who is violent?: factors associated with aggressive behaviors in Latin America and Spain
The main purpose of this paper was to evaluate the strength of the association between: 1) aggressive behaviors and 2) attitudes and self-efficacy for alternatives to violence, in different cities of the Region of the Americas and Spain. This article appears in Vol. 5, No. 4/5 (April/ May 1999) of the Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública/Pan American Journal of Public Health(14/Apr/1999)
In English       HTML(3.73k)  
en español     HTML(4.05k)