Technical Documents

Technical Documents

2008 Hurricane Season
In August 2008, Hurricane Gustav affected the Caribbean and the U.S., leaving widespread damage in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica.(2/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(26.88k)  

Emergency Operations Center
The Pan American Health Organization's Emergency Operations Center (EOC) functions as a centralized location through which organizational coordination and control of health-related response activities by PAHO’s Disaster Task Force and the Epidemic Alert and Response Task Force during emergencies and disasters can be accomplished.(8/Feb/2008)
In English       HTML(7.75k)  
en español     HTML(8.59k)  

Hospital Safety Index
The Hospital Safety Index gathers general information for each facility on variables such as: level of complexity, population served, specialties, health staff, available services, location, hazards, and the history of disasters at the site. An assessment is then made of the level of safety of the structural and nonstructural components and functional and organizational aspects of the hospital.(17/Dec/2007)
In English       HTML(14.81k)  
en español     HTML(17.57k)  

Guía para la vigilancia y control de la calidad del agua en situaciones de emergencia y desastre
Esta publicación presenta las principales acciones para el monitoreo de la calidad del agua para consumo humano durante situaciones de emergencia y desastre, considerando las necesidades inmediatamente posteriores al evento adverso hasta la rehabilitación de los servicios, con el fin de garantizar agua segura a la población afectada.(19/Sep/2007)
en español     HTML(3.81k)  

¿Cómo reducir el impacto de los desastres en los sistemas de agua y saneamiento rural?
Esta publicación presenta los principales impactos de los fenómenos naturales en los sistemas rurales de agua y saneamiento y propone medidas para reducir las vulnerabilidades que originan estos daños, con la finalidad de que se incluyan en la planificación, diseño y construcción de esta infraestructura y en los procesos de rehabilitación y/o reconstrucción, cuando los daños ya han sido reportados.(19/Sep/2007)
en español     HTML(4.02k)  

Mass Fatality Plan Checklist for Ministries of Health and National Disaster Offices
The Pan American Health Organization has developed a checklist that contains the essential elements that should be addressed by Ministries of Health and Disaster Management Offices as they develop a mass fatality plan. It is important that countries exercise their plans on a regular basis to evaluate organization’s capability to execute one or more portions of the plan and to promote preparedness.(22/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(34.52k)  

Floods in Suriname - May 2006
Heavy rains in South-East Suriname have caused flooding in more than 175 villages, affecting approximately 24,000 people. The situation has prompted the President to declare an emergency situation. Many thousands have been displaced.(10/May/2006)
In English       HTML(29.59k)  

The Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Quality of Life by Reducing Vulnerability
This joint publication (PAHO, UNICEF, ISDR, and IFRC) was introduced at the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in March 2006 to draw attention to the importance of ensuring that water and sanitation systems remain fully operational in the aftermath of natural disasters. It is hoped that in this way, countries will meet, by the year 2015, the MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Risk management is an important tool for the fulfillment of global challenges to provide water and sanitation services to all at all times.(8/May/2006)
In English       HTML(3.59k)  
en español     HTML(3.65k)  

Management of Dead Bodies after Disasters: A Manual for First Responders
This Field Manual for First Responders presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.(27/Mar/2006)
In English       HTML(6.19k)  
en español     HTML(6.42k)  

Floods in Bolivia - February 2006
Torrential rains almost in all of the territory of Bolivia have caused overflowing of important rivers, affecting La Paz and Trinidad cities and several rural communities across the country. Heavy rains triggered landslides and road obstructions causing the isolation of some rural communities. The National Meteorological Service has informed that rain will continue over the next weeks. The government has declared a national emergency and authorities are making an appeal for international assistance.(9/Feb/2006)
In English       WORDL(110.08k)  
en español     HTML(11.91k)  

Floods in Central America and Mexico - October 2005
Rains brought on by Hurricane Stan have produced serious flooding and landslides in communities along the Atlantic coast of Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador.(6/Oct/2005)
In English       HTML(15.17k)  
en español     HTML(15.19k)  

Workshop on management of dead bodies in disaster situations
A small group of experts met in Lima, Peru at a workshop on Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations, co-organized by PAHO's Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief and the Assistance Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Selected experts from key organizations shared their experience and insights in this global effort to improve not only the adequate management of human remains after large disasters but primarily to provide better humanitarian assistance to survivors. (13/May/2005)
In English       HTML(14.66k)  

Floods in Guyana
Guyana has been experiencing an excessive amount of rainfall. By mid-January, 27 inches of rain had fallen. This has caused considerable flooding along the coastal regions which are the most densely populated areas of Guyana. It is estimated that more than 70,000 persons in the Georgetown area are seriously affected by the floods. Along the coastal regions, the number is much higher. The Government of Guyana has several regions of the country as disaster areas.(25/Jan/2005)
In English       HTML(49.96k)  

Tropical Storm Jeanne
Jeanne is the tenth storm of the 2004 hurricane season. It has affected Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.(17/Sep/2004)
In English       HTML(17.25k)  
en español     HTML(9.24k)  

Inundaciones en Nicaragua
El paso de ondas tropicales producieron inundaciones en diferentes áreas de Nicaragua en julio de 2004. Por lo menos 25 personas han muerto y más de 3000 familias fueron afectadas. El presidente de Nicaragua declaró varias áreas en estado de desastre natural.(13/Jul/2004)
en español     HTML(4.39k)  

Torrential rains and flooding in the Dominican Republic
Torrential rains began lashing the Dominican Republic last Friday, May 21, resulting in severe flooding in the northwest and north of the country and in the capital, Santo Domingo. The PAHO/WHO Office in Santo Domingo is assessing the damage and identifying the immediate needs of the affected population.(25/May/2004)
In English       HTML(11.41k)  
en español     HTML(15.28k)  

Frente frio afecta a Honduras
Un frente frio ha estado afectando a Honduras en el mes de febrero de 2004. Como consecuencia se han producido lluvias severas que han causado inundaciones en diferentes partes del país.(23/Feb/2004)
en español     HTML(9.98k)  

Floods Hit Several Latin American and Caribbean Countries
A wide area of Latin America and the Caribbean has been affected by extensive rainfall lately. Among the countries hardest hit were Chile, Haiti, Jamaica and Nicaragua. Jamaica and Haiti were affected by a tropical wave that caused major flooding and landslides in parts of both countries. Heavy rains hit Central America and Chile causing major floods in urban and rural areas.(5/Jun/2002)
In English       HTML(7.82k)  
en español     HTML(8.5k)  

Floods in Bolivia
Torrential rains accompanied by hail struck La Paz, Bolivia in the afternoon of 19 February with such intensity that in just 45 minutes a large portion of the city was flooded. A rainstorm of this intensity had not struck the region since 1965 and took the population and local authorities by surprise.(21/Feb/2002)
In English       HTML(2.6k)  
en español     HTML(2.9k)  

Disaster in Venezuela
In December 13-14 1999, torrential rainfall produced serious flooding and mudslides that began on and affected ten states in the northern part of Venezuela, including its capital, Caracas. National authorities estimate that more than 20,000 people were killed and more than 200,000 have been affected. More than 4,000 persons were transferred to temporary shelters in La Guaira, Caracas, Maracay and Valencia. (29/Dec/1999)
In English       HTML(1.73k)  
en español     HTML(1.85k)