Hurricanes

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Technical Documents

2008 Hurricane Season
In August 2008, Hurricane Gustav affected the Caribbean and the U.S., leaving widespread damage in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica.(2/Sep/2008)
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Caribbean Basin Wind Hazard Maps
PAHO/WHO, together with Applied Research Associates, a North American institute, and participants from different Caribbean countries, have created maps that show wind hazards on Caribbean islands and along the Caribbean coasts of Central and South America. The project simulates 100,000 years of Atlantic storms using hurricane hazard models, historic records, and existing wind maps.(13/May/2008)
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Emergency Operations Center
The Pan American Health Organization's Emergency Operations Center (EOC) functions as a centralized location through which organizational coordination and control of health-related response activities by PAHO’s Disaster Task Force and the Epidemic Alert and Response Task Force during emergencies and disasters can be accomplished.(8/Feb/2008)
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en español     HTML(8.59k)  

Hospital Safety Index
The Hospital Safety Index gathers general information for each facility on variables such as: level of complexity, population served, specialties, health staff, available services, location, hazards, and the history of disasters at the site. An assessment is then made of the level of safety of the structural and nonstructural components and functional and organizational aspects of the hospital.(17/Dec/2007)
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Guía para la vigilancia y control de la calidad del agua en situaciones de emergencia y desastre
Esta publicación presenta las principales acciones para el monitoreo de la calidad del agua para consumo humano durante situaciones de emergencia y desastre, considerando las necesidades inmediatamente posteriores al evento adverso hasta la rehabilitación de los servicios, con el fin de garantizar agua segura a la población afectada.(19/Sep/2007)
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¿Cómo reducir el impacto de los desastres en los sistemas de agua y saneamiento rural?
Esta publicación presenta los principales impactos de los fenómenos naturales en los sistemas rurales de agua y saneamiento y propone medidas para reducir las vulnerabilidades que originan estos daños, con la finalidad de que se incluyan en la planificación, diseño y construcción de esta infraestructura y en los procesos de rehabilitación y/o reconstrucción, cuando los daños ya han sido reportados.(19/Sep/2007)
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Hurricane Felix
Hurricane Felix strikes Nicaragua and Honduras. (September 2007)(5/Sep/2007)
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en español     HTML(16.58k)  

Hurricane Dean
Hurricane Dean raced across the eastern Caribbean, a category 3 storm, ripping roofs off homes, downing trees and power lines but fortunately not causing widespread casualties. PAHO/WHO reports from Dominica, Saint Lucia and Martinique point to some damage to hospitals, particularly the Victoria Hospital, Saint Lucia’s main public hospital, located in the capital Castries with a capacity of 160 beds and the Princess Margaret Hospital (capacity 227 beds)which is the only hospital in Dominica. Hurricane Dean could strengthen to Category 4 by the time it reaches Jamaica and later Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.(17/Aug/2007)
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Mass Fatality Plan Checklist for Ministries of Health and National Disaster Offices
The Pan American Health Organization has developed a checklist that contains the essential elements that should be addressed by Ministries of Health and Disaster Management Offices as they develop a mass fatality plan. It is important that countries exercise their plans on a regular basis to evaluate organization’s capability to execute one or more portions of the plan and to promote preparedness.(22/Mar/2007)
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Tropical Storm Ernesto
(29/Aug/2006)
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en español     HTML(5.2k)  

The Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Quality of Life by Reducing Vulnerability
This joint publication (PAHO, UNICEF, ISDR, and IFRC) was introduced at the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in March 2006 to draw attention to the importance of ensuring that water and sanitation systems remain fully operational in the aftermath of natural disasters. It is hoped that in this way, countries will meet, by the year 2015, the MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Risk management is an important tool for the fulfillment of global challenges to provide water and sanitation services to all at all times.(8/May/2006)
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Management of Dead Bodies after Disasters: A Manual for First Responders
This Field Manual for First Responders presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.(27/Mar/2006)
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en español     HTML(6.42k)  

Floods in Central America and Mexico - October 2005
Rains brought on by Hurricane Stan have produced serious flooding and landslides in communities along the Atlantic coast of Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador.(6/Oct/2005)
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en español     HTML(15.19k)  

Workshop on management of dead bodies in disaster situations
A small group of experts met in Lima, Peru at a workshop on Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations, co-organized by PAHO's Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief and the Assistance Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Selected experts from key organizations shared their experience and insights in this global effort to improve not only the adequate management of human remains after large disasters but primarily to provide better humanitarian assistance to survivors. (13/May/2005)
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Tropical Storm Jeanne
Jeanne is the tenth storm of the 2004 hurricane season. It has affected Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.(17/Sep/2004)
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en español     HTML(9.24k)  

Hurricane Ivan
Ivan was the worst hurricane of the 2004 season, leaving a path of destruction in the Caribbean. The Cayman Islands and Grenada suffered the brunt of the storm, although it also affected Cuba, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Jamaica.(7/Sep/2004)
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Hurricane Frances
In preparation for Hurricane Frances the Health Emergency Operation Center is activated. The Ministry of Health conducted the first meeting of the Health Disaster Committee Monday afternoon and deployed two teams (physicians and nurses) to the southern islands. All departments have activated their emergency plans. Health protocols and instruments for health surveillance and needs assessments are being reviewed and/or updated and distributed to all facilities.(1/Sep/2004)
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en español     HTML(13.47k)  

Hurricane Isabel
Despite its tremendous power, Hurricane Isabel spared the Caribbean region the weekend of September 13, 2003. The Family Islands of the Bahamas experienced storm surges and wave damage and the Ministry of Health and PAHO met to plan response activities. Rapid needs assessment forms were distributed to all the islands.(12/Sep/2003)
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Hurricane Keith Home Page
On 6 October, 2000: Hurricane Keith brought disaster and destruction to Belize. The excessive wind, torrential rains and resulting floods grievously affected the central and northern regions of Belize and about two thirds of the agricultural and fisheries sectors. The economic value of the loss or damage has been estimated at US$105.8 million for agriculture and US$ 6.0 for fisheries. (10/Jun/2000)
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Conclusions and Recommendations of the Meeting on Evaluation of Preparedness and Response to Hurricanes Georges and Mitch, 1999
More than 400 professionals from 48 countries met at this meeting to identify lessons learned with regard to the preparedness for and response to two of the most devastating hurricanes of the last decades: Georges and Mitch.(1/Apr/1999)
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Hurricane Mitch
In October, 1998 Hurricane Mitch brought disaster and destruction that will be remembered as the most deadly hurricane to strike the Western Hemisphere in the last two centuries. Mitch struck Central America with such viciousness that it was nearly a week before the magnitude of the disaster began to reach the outside world. The death toll currently is reported as 11,000 with thousands of others missing. More than three million people were either homeless or severely affected.(28/Oct/1998)
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