Earthquakes

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

Emergency Operations Center
The Pan American Health Organization's Emergency Operations Center (EOC) functions as a centralized location through which organizational coordination and control of health-related response activities by PAHO’s Disaster Task Force and the Epidemic Alert and Response Task Force during emergencies and disasters can be accomplished.(8/Feb/2008)
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Hospital Safety Index
The Hospital Safety Index gathers general information for each facility on variables such as: level of complexity, population served, specialties, health staff, available services, location, hazards, and the history of disasters at the site. An assessment is then made of the level of safety of the structural and nonstructural components and functional and organizational aspects of the hospital.(17/Dec/2007)
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Guía para la vigilancia y control de la calidad del agua en situaciones de emergencia y desastre
Esta publicación presenta las principales acciones para el monitoreo de la calidad del agua para consumo humano durante situaciones de emergencia y desastre, considerando las necesidades inmediatamente posteriores al evento adverso hasta la rehabilitación de los servicios, con el fin de garantizar agua segura a la población afectada.(19/Sep/2007)
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¿Cómo reducir el impacto de los desastres en los sistemas de agua y saneamiento rural?
Esta publicación presenta los principales impactos de los fenómenos naturales en los sistemas rurales de agua y saneamiento y propone medidas para reducir las vulnerabilidades que originan estos daños, con la finalidad de que se incluyan en la planificación, diseño y construcción de esta infraestructura y en los procesos de rehabilitación y/o reconstrucción, cuando los daños ya han sido reportados.(19/Sep/2007)
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Mass Fatality Plan Checklist for Ministries of Health and National Disaster Offices
The Pan American Health Organization has developed a checklist that contains the essential elements that should be addressed by Ministries of Health and Disaster Management Offices as they develop a mass fatality plan. It is important that countries exercise their plans on a regular basis to evaluate organization’s capability to execute one or more portions of the plan and to promote preparedness.(22/Mar/2007)
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The Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Quality of Life by Reducing Vulnerability
This joint publication (PAHO, UNICEF, ISDR, and IFRC) was introduced at the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in March 2006 to draw attention to the importance of ensuring that water and sanitation systems remain fully operational in the aftermath of natural disasters. It is hoped that in this way, countries will meet, by the year 2015, the MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Risk management is an important tool for the fulfillment of global challenges to provide water and sanitation services to all at all times.(8/May/2006)
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Management of Dead Bodies after Disasters: A Manual for First Responders
This Field Manual for First Responders presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.(27/Mar/2006)
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Workshop on management of dead bodies in disaster situations
A small group of experts met in Lima, Peru at a workshop on Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations, co-organized by PAHO's Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief and the Assistance Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Selected experts from key organizations shared their experience and insights in this global effort to improve not only the adequate management of human remains after large disasters but primarily to provide better humanitarian assistance to survivors. (13/May/2005)
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Earthquake in the Dominican Republic
A magnitude 6.5 earthquake occurred in the Dominican Republic on Monday, 22 September. The quake struck 10 miles south Puerto Plata (pop 89,000) and 95 miles north northwest of the capital Santo Domingo.(22/Sep/2003)
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Earthquake in Mexico - 21 January 2003
A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck the western state of Colima on 21 January 2003. Due to its epicenter and magnitude, it was also felt strongly in Mexico City. It is the largest earthquake in this general area since a magnitude 8.0 earthquake on October 1985.(22/Jan/2003)
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Earthquake in Mexico
The earthquake in Mexico in September 30 1999 caused 18 deaths nationwide. The damages to the hospital infrastructure were confined to the Juquila Hospital, in the State of Oaxaca, where 12 beds were lost and in the General Hospital in the City of Oaxaca, which suffered only superficial cracks and continue to function normally.(30/Sep/1999)
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