Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)

Visit the Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis) page for an organized listing of the materials available on this topic.

   Community Interaction
   Other Resources
   Periodical Publications
   Technical Documents


An Achievable Dream: Eliminating Some Diseases from the Americas
In this speech, PAHO Director Dr. Mirta Roses outlines a set of communicable diseases--vector-borne, zoonotic, viral, bacterial and parasitic--that can be eliminated or significantly reduced by 2015 at the regional, subregional, or national level. (20/Feb/2008)
In English       PAHO Director  
en español     Directora de la OPS  

WHO Expands Fight against Chagas Disease with Support from Bayer
This WHO press release describes how WHO is expanding the global effort to eliminate Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), a vector-borne parasitic infection native to the Americas but spreading worldwide due to migration factors and affecting nine million people, mostly children. The expanded program is supported by Bayer HealthCare, which manufactures nifurtimox, a drug used to treat the disease. (13/Apr/2007)
In English       WHO  
en español     HTML(8.33k)  

International Clinical Trials Registry Platform
New standards for registration of human medical research (19 May 2006): WHO is urging research institutions and companies to register all medical studies that test treatments on patients or healthy volunteers. Registration of clinical trials –- including preliminary studies -- will be fundamental to ensuring transparency and fulfilling ethical responsibilities, thus publicly declaring and identifying the trials, so as to ensure that a minimum set of results be reported and made publicly available. This link to WHO provides access to the full text and other related articles in the Lancet. (22/May/2006)
In English       WHO  


Decentralization and Management of Communicable Disease Control in Latin America
Over the past twenty years, many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have reformed their health systems. One of the strategies used in some of them was the decentralization of the activities and health programs towards the local level (states and municipalities). This collection of papers offers analytical models that make it possible to classify sectoral decentralization in Latin America in relation to both the territorial and political entities in the countries, socioeconomic and demographic status, and the nature of its health systems.(9/Jan/2007)
In English       HTML(7.5k)   PDF(3011.76k)  
en español     HTML(7.87k)   PDF(3011.76k)  
em Português HTML(8.17k)   PDF(3011.76k)  

Programa de pequeños subsidios en enfermedades tropicales: Informes finales 1995-2004
El Programa especial de investigación y capacitación en enfermedades tropicales, coordinada por la OMS, brinda pequeñas subvenciones para proyectos de investigación en enfermedades tropicales, las cuales están coordinadas por el Programa de Investigaciones en Enfermedades Transmisibles de la OPS. Este libro contiene 32 informes finales de los proyectos financiados, dividido en secciones sobre malaria, dengue, leishmaniasis, lepra, filariasis, enfermedad de Chagas y tuberculosis.(31/Dec/2006)
en español     HTML(16.36k)   WORDL(7288.32k)  

Priorities in Health
Two overarching themes emerge from the extensive research and analyses in this World Bank publication: (1) Current resources can yield substantial health gains if knowledge of cost-effective interventions were applied more fully. (2) Additional resources are needed in low-income countries to minimize the glaring inequities in health care. Increased resources would provide highly-effective interventions, expand research, and extend basic health coverage to more people. WHO contributed to this publication.(3/Apr/2006)
In English       DCPP  
en español     DCPP  
en Français    DCPP  
em Português DCPP  

Community Interaction Tropical Disease Research to foster Innovation and Knowledge Application
The UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) and the PAHO's Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) are jointly developing an interactive portal in the area of infectious diseases that disproportionably affect poor and marginalized populations. The initiative is called Disease Research to foster Innovation and Knowledge Application. The rationale is to address a basic imbalance where priority research needs are unequally covered by the global research agenda and several high-impact research areas are still neglected.(10/Jul/2007)
In English  


Our community is chinche- and Chagas-free: United against chinches!
These two posters (in Spanish) are directed at children and families in a public-education campaign in El Salvador to teach people how to identify and avoid chinches, the "assassin bugs" that transmit Chagas disease.(25/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(2.79k)  
en español     HTML(3k)  

Photos from El Salvador: Preparations for the Five-Year Plan to Stop Chagas Disease, 2005
The year 2005 is strategically significant for Central America, in that it is close to the end of 2010, the deadline for compliance with the goal of interrupting transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi. El Salvador is one of the countries working towards meeting the regional goal and thus preserving the health of its people. The country is in the process of concluding preparations for its Five-Year Plan for Chagas Control: 2006–2010.(26/Jul/2005)
In English       HTML(6.29k)  
en español     HTML(6.52k)  

Field Photos: 2002 Mission to Guatemala to Fight Chagas Disease
The 13 photographs below illustrate the official mission to Guatemala in February 2002, conducted jointly by PAHO and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) as part of their joint collaboration project with the Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS) in the fight against Chagas disease in poverty-stricken rural communities. The mission conducted field visits to isolated communities in Zacapa, Jutiapa, Chiquimula and elsewhere to evaluate the situation with a view to present and future community-level activities and then presented its findings to the Ministry of Health in Guatemala City. All this was carried out within the framework of the Initiative of Central American Countries against Chagas Disease (IPCA).(29/Jun/2005)
In English       HTML(8.78k)  
en español     HTML(9.77k)  

Other Resources

Integrated Vector Management (IVM)
Vector control is well suited for integrated approaches because some vectors are responsible for multiple diseases, and some interventions are effective against several vectors. The concept of IVM was developed as a result of lessons learned from integrated pest management, which is used in the agricultural sector; IVM aims to optimize and rationalize the use of resources and tools for vector control. This resource page links to WHO materials on IVM and to PAHO materials on vector-borne diseases (VBDs).(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(7.74k)  
en español     HTML(8.29k)  

PAHO Communicable Disease Research Program (CDR)
This page offers the user basic information and a variety of resources in the area of research in infectious diseases: mandates, program description, PAHO guides for researchers submitting proposals and reports, links to its WHO counterpart and to the PAHO Research Grants Program as well as to donor institutions and related sites, international awards, announcements of conferences and publications, upcoming events, etc.(27/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(8.87k)  
en español     HTML(9.76k)  

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Open-Access Journal Published by the Public Library of Science
This free online journal offers articles covering the broad spectrum of neglected diseases, including geohelminths, river blindness, snail fever, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, filariasis, and other diseases of the poor that are often neglected by health systems, the pharmaceutical industry, and the press.(28/May/2008)
In English       PLOSNTDs  

Periodical Publications

Epidemiology of Chagas Disease in Non-Endemic Countries: The Role of International Migration
At one time, Chagas disease was restricted to the endemic countries of the Americas; but this is no longer the case. This article by retired PAHO Advisor Gabriel Schmunis focuses on the recent spread of Chagas disease as a result of migration. The article appears in a special supplement dedicated to Chagas disease and published in the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.(31/Aug/2007)
In English       Schmunis  

Tackling Neglected Diseases in Latin America
This page links to two Biomedical Center (BMC) Public Health articles, one a commentary on improving the health of neglected populations in Latin America and the other, an article on prevention, control, and elimination of neglected diseases in the Americas.(23/Aug/2007)
In English       WHO  
en español     HTML(3.96k)  

The Globalization of Chagas Disease
This PAHO article, published in ISBT Science Series 2 (1), 6–11, describes how the potential for transfusing Trypanosoma cruzi-infected blood or blood products does not exist only in Latin America. Economic hardship or political problems, or both, have spurred emigration from endemic countries to developed countries, transforming Chagas disease from mainly a rural problem of Latin America, to a global problem. It is obvious that the higher risk occurs in those countries receiving the highest number of immigrants. Meeting these challenges will require services with specialized infrastructure and trained staff, and, on the other, legislation might have to be modified, so that immigrants are not discriminated against at their places of employment due to their infection.(31/Jul/2007)
In English       ISBT Science Series  

Technical Documents

Color the chinches! Salvadorean Primary School Project to Educate Children on How to Prevent Chagas Disease
Illustrated on this page is a simple tool used by elementary schools in El Salvador to teach children how to identify chinches picudas, or the specific triatomine insect Triatoma dimidiata that is the main vector transmitting the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite and hence, Chagas disease. Below is the sheet given to the pupils to color and a photo of the children engaged in the activity. This material was developed by the PAHO/JICA collaborative project with the Ministry of Health of El Salvador.(9/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(2.91k)  
en español     HTML(2.97k)  

El Salvador: Activities to Fight Chagas Disease
This page serves as a resource with links to all online PAHO information on Chagas disease in El Salvador and current prevention and control activities taking place there: the subregional initiative, events, missions, photos, maps, etc.(8/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(6.1k)  
en español     HTML(6.56k)  

IPCA: Initiative of the Countries of Central America for Control of Vector-Borne and Transfusional Transmission and Medical Care for Chagas Disease
This information sheet describes the activities of the subregional initiative to fight Chagas Disease in Central America, where PAHO and the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) collaborate with the country health authorities. It contains links to proceedings from meetings, project facts, maps, IEC materials, photos, etc.(7/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(14.71k)  
en español     HTML(15.13k)