Diarrheal/Enteric Diseases

For more information, visit the Diarrheal/Enteric Diseases Page of the Disease Prevention and Control Area of the Pan American Health Organization.

   Other Resources
   Periodical Publications
   Technical Documents


European Antibiotic Awareness Day (18 November 2008)
The first-ever European Antibiotic Awareness Day took place across Europe on 18 November 2008. European Antibiotic Awareness Day will be an annually recurring event that will raise awareness about the risks associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics and how to take antibiotics responsibly. This year's event set focus specifically on the need for everybody to stop any unnecessary use of antibiotics.(9/Nov/2008)
In English       ECDC  

Almost a quarter of all disease caused by environmental exposure
As much as 24% of global disease is caused by environmental exposures which can be averted. Well-targeted interventions can prevent much of this environmental risk, the World Health Organization (WHO) demonstrates in a report issued today. The report further estimates that more than 33% of disease in children under the age of 5 is caused by environmental exposures. WHO report Preventing disease through healthy environments: Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease(16/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  


Priorities in Health
Two overarching themes emerge from the extensive research and analyses in this World Bank publication: (1) Current resources can yield substantial health gains if knowledge of cost-effective interventions were applied more fully. (2) Additional resources are needed in low-income countries to minimize the glaring inequities in health care. Increased resources would provide highly-effective interventions, expand research, and extend basic health coverage to more people. WHO contributed to this publication.(3/Apr/2006)
In English       DCPP  
en español     DCPP  
en Français    DCPP  
em Português DCPP  

Cholera Outbreak: Assessing the Outbreak Response and Improving Preparedness
This document offers a framework for the assessment of a cholera outbreak response, which will help to provide a comprehensive overview of outbreak response; pinpoint the main strengths and weaknesses of said response; improve preparedness for and response for future outbreaks; and provide accurate recommendations based on WHO official guidelines. This page offers a summary of the document and a link to the full text in PDF on the WHO site. (20/Dec/2004)
In English       HTML(5.82k)   WHO  

Investigaciones Operativas sobre Atención Integrada a las Enfermedades Prevalentes de la Infancia (AIEPI)
Este volumen de investigaciones operativas prioritarias sobre la estrategia AIEPI incluye un conjunto de protocolos diseñados para su aplicación en los niveles locales que permiten, a la vez que evaluar resultados de la aplicación de la estrategia AIEPI, estudiar otros aspectos de la salud infantil que pueden merecer consideración adicional y que deben por lo tanto hacer parte de dicha estrategia. Esta página brinda un resumen del libro y acceso al texto completo en archivos de PDF.(30/Apr/2001)
en español     HTML(11.97k)  


Progress made in the Project on Adaptation and Validation of the 5 Key Ways Manual on Food Safety in Elementary Schools in Guatemala
This 20-slide presention reports on the PAHO project currently being carried out by INCAP in Guatemala. The purpose of the Project is to adapt the WHO Bringing Food Safety Home: Using the WHO Five Keys to Safer Food to local-level needs in Guatemala and later in Honduras as well. The target population is teachers, pupils, and heads of household (the educational community).(10/Jul/2006)
In English       PowerPoint  
en español     PowerPoint  

Photo Gallery: Typhoid Epidemic in Ca Pierre, Haiti
This page summarizes the typhoid epidemic in Haiti in June 2004 and provides six photographs showing the cause and effects.(9/Jul/2004)
In English       HTML(4.39k)  
en español     HTML(4.69k)  
en Français    HTML   

Other Resources

PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centers in the Area of Food Safety
This page provides a detailed listing of all the PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centers in the Region of the Americas that work in the area of food safety, with website and contact links. It also provides links to the main Collaborating Center Databases at PAHO and WHO as well as to their main Food Safety Pages.(7/Jul/2006)
In English       HTML(7.25k)  
en español     HTML(8.7k)  

Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
This links is to the major online journal, which in turn also offers links to other scholarly articles on the topic.(18/Apr/2006)
In English       Liebert, Inc. Publishers  
en español     Liebert, Inc. Publishers  

Investing in Global Health: 'Best Buys' and Priorities for Action in Developing Countries
These three new volumes from the World Bank Disease Control Priorities Project--Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (2nd ed.), Priorities in Health, and Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors--are part of an ongoing initiative to provide technical resources to improve the health systems, and ultimately the health of people, in developing countries.(3/Apr/2006)
In English       DCP Site  

Periodical Publications

Epidemiological Alerts Archives, 2003–2008
(Note: Series renamed, formerly EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas.)
The purpose of these alerts is to disseminate information on the latest public-health events that have been identified as risks to health, trade, and/or international travel. Most of these events are primarily due to infectious agents, while others are due to chemical or physical agents. The PAHO Epidemiological Alerts published at the regional level (for the Americas) complement the WHO Disease Outbreak News published at the global level. The latest issues can be found at the new site, 2009 onwards.(3/Apr/2009)
In English       HTML(36.2k)  
en español     HTML(40.91k)  

Revista Panamericana de Infectología, Vol. 10, No. 4 (octubre 2008)
La Revista Panamericana de Infectología (de la Asociación Panamericana de Infectología / API) brinda una serie de artículos sobre el tema de las infecciones relacionadas con la resistencia antibacteriana de gran interés científico.(31/Oct/2008)
en español     API  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 22—1 July 2004
This issue offers updated information on the confirmed outbreak of Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever (BHF) in the Department of Beni, Itenez Province, Bolivia; and on the Typhoid Fever epidemic in Ca Pierre, Haiti.(1/Jul/2004)
In English       HTML(6.24k)  
en español     HTML(6.76k)  

Technical Documents

Sterilization Manual for Health Centers
The purpose of this manual is to inform health workers on the protocols and simple procedures that have been developed to prevent healthcare-associated infections. The guidelines included in this handbook show which steps to follow in cleaning, preparing, sterilizing, storing, and transporting hospital equipment so as to guarantee sterile materials--awareness of which is crucial in providing patients with safe health care. This page provides a summary and access to the full text in Spanish.(31/Dec/2008)
In English       HTML(5.93k)  
en español     HTML(6.1k)   PDF(3124.63k)  

Number of Cholera Cases in the Americas, 1990-2008
This data table (Excel PDF) lists the number of cholera cases in the Americas from 1990 to 2008, per country and covering all countries in the Region of the Americas.(15/Jul/2008)
In English       PDF(29.05k)  
en español     PDF(30.89k)  

International Health Regulations (IHR)
The International Health Regulations are an international legal instrument that covers measures for preventing the transnational spread of infectious diseases. The newly adopted IHR (2005) has as purpose and scope “to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade”. This page provides a detailed description and information on progress of its implementation, plus relevant links.(24/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(6.76k)  
en español     HTML(17.04k)