Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (General Documents)

   Technical Documents

Technical Documents

Mobilizing for Dietary Salt Reduction Policies and Strategies in the Americas: Expert & Country Consultation (Miami, Florida, 13–14 January 2009)
The purpose of this meeting was to document the policies and initiatives in the Americas Region aimed at reducing dietary salt to prevent and control chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs), feature relevant country and regional experiences, and reach a consensus on initiatives that can advance dietary salt reduction in the Americas and identify next steps for each. This page provides all conference and background documentation, including the conclusions and recommendations, executive summary, agenda, and related links.(16/Jan/2009)
In English       HTML(9.83k)  
en español     HTML(11.76k)  

STEPwise Approach to Stroke Surveillance (STEPS Stroke)
Stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world and one of the top ten causes of death and disability in the Americas. WHO has developed an international stroke surveillance system: the STEPwise Method to Stroke Surveillance (or STEPS Stroke), which forms a framework for standardized surveillance and data collection and analysis. This page contains a summary, an orientation presentation, and access to the STEPS Stroke manual. (31/Dec/2008)
In English       HTML(3.01k)   WHO  
en español     HTML(3.39k)   PDF(1587.89k)  
em Português HTML(3.54k)   PDF(1502.56k)  

AMNET Workshop: Health Analysis and Decision-Making, with Special Emphasis on Chronic Noncommunicable Disease (San Salvador, El Salvador, 12–15 November 2008)
This mini-workshop--a joint activity of the CARMEN Policy and the CARMEN School, held at America's Network for Chronic Disease Surveillance (AMNET)--was an introduction to the issue of public policies and decision-making with emphasis on health, within the context of surveillance, prevention, control of chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs). This page offers a summary in English and access to conference documentation in Spanish (plus a link to an earlier such course with documentation in English). (15/Nov/2008)
In English       HTML(6.68k)  
en español     HTML(6.66k)  

Healthy Caribbean 2008: Chronic Disease Prevention Civil Society Conference (Barbados, 16–18 October 2008)
The objective of this meeting was to plan the response of civil society to the chronic disease epidemic in the Caribbean, in light of the Declaration of Port-of-Spain that resulted from the CARICOM Summit held in September 2007. The plan for civil society is a deliverable that falls under a PAHO/IAHF letter of agreement. This meeting was complementary to the one on the Caribbean Private-Sector Response to CNCDs held in Trinidad in June 2008.(16/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(6.53k)  
en español     HTML(7.52k)  

CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(1/Oct/2008)
In English       CD48.R5  
en español     CD48.R5  
en Français    CD48.R5  
em Português CD48.R5  

CD48.R2 - WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Opportunities and Challenges for its Implementation in the Americas
CD48.R2 - WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Opportunities and Challenges for its Implementation in the Americas(30/Sep/2008)
In English       CD48.R2  
en español     CD48.R2  
en Français    CD48.R2  
em Português CD48.R2  

Meeting on Chronic Noncommunicable Disease (CNCD) Surveillance with MERCOSUR Member and Associated States (Porto Alegre, Brazil, 15–16 September 2008)
The general objective of this meeting was to contribute to final improvements in the proposal on the creation of capacities to evaluate and use available information for decision-making in relation to the prevention and control of chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs) and their risk factors (RFs) in the MERCOSUR countries. The general objective of the proposal is to Reduce the burden of chronic diseases as a result of changes in health policy, programs, and services based on timely noncommunicable disease (NCD) surveillance in MERCOSUR countries. This page includes a summary and access to meeting documentation and the proposal (in Spanish). (16/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(7.53k)  
en español     HTML(7.71k)  

Regional Strategy on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health
Chronic diseases are the major cause of death in all the countries of the Americas. This strategy was created to deal with this new epidemic: It Strategy is comprehensive, requiring a combination of interventions for the population and individuals. It is integrated, spanning prevention and control strategies focusing on the major chronic diseases and cross-cutting risk factors (especially diet, physical activity, tobacco, and alcohol). Finally, it is intersectoral, because most of the major determinants of the chronic-disease burden lie outside the health sector. This page offers an executive summary and access to the full text in PAHO publication format, as well as related initiatives.(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(6.92k)   PDF(1669.81k)  
en español     HTML(7.68k)   PDF(1662.37k)  
en Français    PDF(754.25k)  
em Português PDF(625.47k)  

PanAmerican STEPS, the PAHO/WHO Stepwise Approach to Chronic Noncommunicable Disease Risk-Factor Surveillance
The PAHO/WHO Stepwise Approach to Risk-Factor (RF) Surveillance (PanAmerican STEPS, or PanAm STEPS) is a simple, standardized method for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating RF data in Member Countries. This page describes the method and offers the main instrument, the question-by-question guide, and the official WHO manual.(26/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(4.06k)  
en español     HTML(4.6k)  

CD48/8 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48/8, Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(244.31k)  
en español     PDF(175.23k)  
en Français    PDF(190.52k)  
em Português PDF(244.52k)  

CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity
CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(153.91k)  
en español     PDF(173.39k)  
en Français    PDF(161.64k)  
em Português PDF(157.84k)  

CD48/12 -WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Opportunities and Challenges for its Implementation in the Americas
CD48/12 -WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Opportunities and Challenges for its Implementation in the Americas(16/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(84.01k)  
en español     PDF(95.91k)  
em Português PDF(89.19k)  

Introduction to Social Marketing: Its Application for Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (Mexico City, Mexico, 28 July – 1 August 2008)
This 40-hour course was sponsored by PAHO's CARMEN School, the summer courses at the National Institute of Health of Mexico, and the University of South Florida. As a result, the technique of Social Marketing selected at the course will be used will be used for dissemination and application for social communication in the areas of obesity and overweight among children, physical activity, diabetes, cervical cancer, and limiting the sale of junk food and products from vending machines.(1/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(6.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.73k)  

Barbados National Chronic NonCommunicable Diseases Commission (NCNCDC): Activities, 2007–2008
This page contains documents on Barbados' CNCD commission: membership, terms of reference, and 2007 achievements.(30/Jul/2008)
In English       HTML(2.11k)  

First Congress on Early Detection of Childhood Cancer in Tamaulipas (Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 16-17 June2008)
The objectives of this congress included: Providing updates on childhood cancer to as training for the health professionals who participated; Providing updates on childhood cancer as part of continuing education for health professionals; Raising the level of awareness of the population of Tamaulipas with regard to childhood cancer; Establishing dialogue among the associations active in the area of childhood cancer in Mexico; Ensuring that the public recognizes that 70% of childhood cancer is curable if diagnosed early. This document includes the summary report. (17/Jun/2008)
In English       PDF(142.23k)  
en español     PDF(138.68k)  

PAHO Plan of Action for Cancer Prevention and Control: Cancer Stakeholders Meeting (Washington, DC, 11-12 June 2008)
The purpose of this meeting was to discuss an action plan for cancer prevention and control for LAC, with representatives from governments, cancer institutions, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), professional associations, and PAHO/WHO. This page contains a summary of the meeting with agenda and list of participants plus 4 fact sheets.(12/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(11.77k)  
en español     HTML(13.18k)  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)  

Chronic Diseases: PAHO Activities
This page describes the mission, priority areas and activities related to chronic diseases: not only cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes but also risk-factor surveillance and integrated risk-factor and disease management (diet and physical activity, etc.).(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(4.2k)  
en español     HTML(4.67k)  

Scaling Up Primary Health Care as a Major Strategy in the Prevention and Control of the Chronic Disease Epidemic (Global Health Council’s 35th Annual International Conference on Global Health, Washington, DC, 27 May 2008)
PAHO moderated a special session in this event devoted to strengthening primary care to deal with the chronic disease epidemic. This page contains a summary of the session plus the program, flyer, and four presentations.(27/May/2008)
In English       HTML(4.93k)  
en español     HTML(5.49k)  

Annual Meeting of the CARMEN Observatory on Chronic Noncommunicable Disease Policy: Mobilizing for Action (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 12-13 May 2008)
PAHO and the Public Health Agency of Canada have been collaborating for a number of years in the CARMEN Policy Observatory for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (CNCDs). In addition to the latest meeting proceedings, this site provides access to the documentation for this year plus other resources, in all four PAHO official languages.(13/May/2008)
In English       PHAC  
en español     PHAC  
en Français    ASPC  
em Português PHAC  

Caribbean Private Sector Response to Chronic Diseases (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 8-9 May 2008)
The objective of this meeting was to mobilize the Caribbean private sector to take a more active role in the reduction of chronic noncommunicable diseases by implementing measures to reduce the risk of these diseases affecting its own employees as well as the wider community, as well as supporting a Caribbean Wellness Day. This page offers a downloadable CD-ROM with all documentation and presentations. (9/May/2008)
In English       HTML(9.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.21k)  

Promoting Physical Activity in the Caribbean (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 6-7 May 2008)
This training course was held to educate participants in the value of physical activity in promoting health, with real-life examples of built environments, public spaces, and urban planning that promote walking, biking, and use of public transportation. The online presentations contain the latest data on obesity and hundreds of photos that speak for themselves and prove how these concepts have been applied effectively, with arguments as to their validity that refute common myths as to why it can't be done. This page offers all training materials.(7/May/2008)
In English       HTML(7.73k)  
en español     HTML(9.9k)  

Workshop: Surveillance of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (CNCDs) in the Southern Cone (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 23–25 April 2008)
The MERCOSUR countries are working with PAHO and Simon Fraser University in Vancouver to strengthen their CNCD surveillance systems. They now have an excellent opportunity to push for this at the MERCOSUR Ministers of Health Meeting in November. The purpose of this workshop was to coordinate efforts towards this end.(28/Apr/2008)
In English       HTML(6.01k)   PDF(220.82k)  
en español     HTML(6.1k)   PDF(212.59k)  

Guías ALAD de diagnóstico, control y tratamiento de la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Las Guías ALAD son de seguro una herramienta fundamental para el control de la diabetes tipo 2 en America Latina. Estas guías basadas en evidencias han sido producidas por un grupo de profesionales que constituyen la vanguardia científica de nuestra región en el campo de la endocrinología y la diabetes. Esperamos que estas guías se utilicen por el personal sanitario de los tres niveles de atención para brindar un servicio de calidad y obtener los mejores resultados clínicos.(14/Apr/2008)
en español     HTML(7.99k)   PDF(816.4k)  

Managing Hypertension in Primary Care in the Caribbean
These new guidelines, published by the Caribbean Health Research Council (CHRC) with PAHO collaboration, are aimed at producing a unified, evidence-based approach to the management of hypertension in the Caribbean through both a patient-centered and a public health approach. Objectives are: Promote the primary prevention of hypertension through the adoption and maintenance of healthy lifestyles; Promote early and accurate diagnosis of hypertension; Improve the quality of care of persons with hypertension; Prevent or delay the onset of co-morbid conditions of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia; Prevent and treat acute and long-term complications of hypertension; Promote education and empowerment of patients, families, communities and healthcare workers.(1/Apr/2008)
In English       HTML(10.67k)   CHRC  

Managing Diabetes in Primary Care in the Caribbean
These guidelines, published by the Caribbean Health Research Council (CHRC) with PAHO collaboration, are aimed at producing a unified, evidence-based approach to the management of diabetes in the Caribbean. Objectives are: Prevent or delay the onset of diabetes and co-morbid conditions of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidaemia; Promote earlier diagnosis of diabetes; Improve the quality of care of persons with diabetes; Prevent and treat acute and long-term complications of diabetes; Promote education and empowerment of the patient, family and community, and healthcare worker. (1/Apr/2008)
In English       HTML(8.98k)   CHRC  

Caribbean Expert Consultation on Scaling Up Population-Based Screening and Management of CVD and Diabetes (Montego Bay, Jamaica, 4-5 March 2008)
This page offers access to the five presentations from this conference: the Caribbean situation, reducing CVD mortality, the single risk-factor approach, the Caribbean Diabetes project, and its context and objectives.(5/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(3.08k)  

Dominica's National Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Summit (14 December 2007)
Three months after the CARICOM Heads of Government NCD Summit in Port-of-Spain on 15 September 2007, Dominica held a National CNCD Summit. The meeting was attended by the President, Prime Minister, cabinet, and civil society, including the private sector, NGOs, and the media. This page contains a summary and the report.(14/Dec/2007)
In English       HTML(3.39k)  
en español     HTML(3.72k)  

10th International Course on Physical Activity and Public Health: Move for Health (2nd Course of the CARMEN School in Guatemala, Antigua, 13-16 November 2007)
This course provided training for national and community public health professionals in Guatemala on the topic of physical activity and health.(16/Nov/2007)
In English       HTML(5.02k)   PDF(102.62k)  
en español     HTML(5.31k)   PDF(109.72k)  

Fourth Technical Conference on the Principles and Practice of Chronic Disease Surveillance (Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico, 9–12 November 2007)
Activity of the Americas' Network for Chronic Disease Surveillance (AMNET): The main thrust of this meeting was capacity-building in a university environment. Various training modules, workshops, and discussion groups were held, all on various areas of CNCD surveillance. This page provides a summary and access to the conference flyer, as well as a link to AMNET, of which PAHO is one of the sponsors.(12/Nov/2007)
In English       HTML(7.4k)   PDF(1817.77k)  
en español     HTML(7.75k)   PDF(1817.77k)  

CARMEN Network Biennial Meeting: Sharing, Learning, Imagining, Planning and Partnering to Implement the Chronic Disease Regional Strategy within the CARMEN Network (Nassau, Bahamas, 4–8 November 2007)
This page contains the materials and eventual output from the Biennial Meeting for the CARMEN Network for the integrated prevention and management of chronic noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in the Americas. The meeting will include a variety of presentation from four main areas: policy and advocacy, surveillance and research, health promotion and disease prevention, and integrated disease and risk-factor management. This page contains all meeting materials, including the final report.(15/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(10.18k)  
en español     HTML(11.37k)  

Capacity-Building in Prevention and Control of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Focal Points Meeting (Panama City, Panama, 10–12 October 2007)
This page provides complete orientation on what PAHO is currently doing in the area of chronic noncommunicable disease prevention and control: While the Noncommunicable Disease Unit plays a main role role in implementing the Regional Strategy on diet, physical activity, and health, it is a shared responsibility among all staff working in chronic disease prevention and control across several PAHO Units and Areas, Country Offices, and Centers. This meeting provided an opportunity for professional briefing, updating, and agreement for all involved personnel throughout the Organization. This page provides all meeting materials and presentations and gives a thorough overview of the current situation, strategic direction, and planned activities. (12/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(15.86k)  
en español     HTML(17.43k)  

CSP27.R10: Regional Policy and Strategy for Ensuring Quality of Health Care, Including Patient Safety
This resolution from the 27th Pan American Sanitary Conference in 2007 sets forth the PAHO mandate for providing effective, safe, efficient, accessible, appropriate, and satisfactory care for users, recognizing that policies are needed in the health sector that will impact the health care continuum, foster citizen involvement, and promote a culture of quality and safety in health care institution.(3/Oct/2007)
In English       CSP27.R10  
en español     CSP27.R10  
en Français    CSP27.R10  
em Português CSP27.R10  

Implementation Manual for Collaborative Projects to Improve the Quality of Care for People with Chronic Diseases
The purpose of this manual is to provide interested parties with information on references for collaborative projects. The manual is also aimed at helping with the successful initial preparation for the year of work done on this project that promotes the improvement of the quality of life of people with chronic diseases. It is a product of the Veracruz Initiative for Diabetes Awareness (VIDA Project). This page provides an executive summary in English and access to the full text in Spanish.(17/Sep/2007)
In English       HTML(10.96k)  
en español     HTML(11.92k)   PDF(824.62k)  

Survey of Diabetes, Hypertension and Chronic Disease Risk Factors: Villa Nueva, Guatemala 2007
The objectives of this survey were to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in people 20 years of age and older in a sample taken from the Municipality of Villa Nueva, Department of Guatemala; determine the prevalence of factors considered of risk for diabetes and hypertension; and determine the relationship between the prevalence of these diseases and certain demographic, environmental, social, cultural, and economic factors. This page contains a summary with findings as well as access to the full text. (7/Sep/2007)
In English       HTML(19.52k)   PDF(1204.63k)  
en español     HTML(20.1k)   PDF(1351.83k)  

Trinidad and Tobago: Current Activities in CNCD Risk Factor Reduction, Diabetic Foot Care, and Wellness (CARMEN Biennial Conference, Nassau, Bahamas, 4-8 November 2007)
The CARMEN Network on Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Risk-Factor Management will hold its meeting in November in Trinidad. This page offers information on three presentations to be made on activities in that country: National Plan for Risk Factor Reduction in the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, Diabetic Foot Care Management Programme, and Wellness Programme for Risk Factor Reduction in the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.(15/Aug/2007)
In English       HTML(13.81k)  
en español     HTML(15.72k)  

Guidelines for International Breast Health and Cancer Control
PAHO is pleased to support the publication of theseGuidelines for International Breast Health and Cancer Control from the Breast Health Global Initiative, contained in the January-February 2006 edition of The Breast Journal. This effort culminates more than two years of revision by many dedicated health-care professionals and others around the world. These are the only comprehensive consensus guidelines specifically addressing issues surrounding the implementation of any complete set of control measures for a specific cancer type in limited-resource countries.(26/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(11.32k)   BHGI  
en español     HTML(16.92k)   BHGI  

First Learning Session of the CAMDI Collaborative Project (Managua, Nicaragua, 3–4 July 2007)
As part of the second stage of development of the Central American Diabetes Initiative (CAMDI) and its Collaborative Project, an intervention was started in four centers of Managua, Nicaragua, to improve care for people with diabetes, beginning with application of the Breakthrough Series Methodology (BTS). This page contains a summary, a link to the methodology, the agenda, and the meeting presentations.(4/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(4.89k)  
en español     HTML(5.03k)  

The Central America Diabetes Initiative (CAMDI): Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua
The Central America Diabetes Initiative (CAMDI)--now producing results--is a response to a subregional workshop that took place in San Salvador in March 2000, sponsored by The Diabetes Declaration of the Americas (DOTA) and PAHO. This project is a seed initiative that should lead to the development of a national diabetes program in participating countries. This page serves as a fact sheet telling about CAMDI and providing access to its information products.(3/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(7.29k)  
en español     HTML(8.02k)  

National Consultation: Strategies for a National Action Plan on Integrated Management and Epidemiological Surveillance of Chronic Diseases (Managua, Nicaragua, 2 July 2007)
The purpose of this meeting was to establish a National Action Plan as well as a National Operational Plan for the execution of the lines of action of the Regional Strategy on an Integrated Approach to Chronic Diseases in Nicaragua. This page offers a summary, the agenda, and the seven PowerPoint presentations made at the meeting. (2/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(5.77k)  
en español     HTML(5.66k)  

US-Mexico Border Diabetes Forum (South Padre Island, Texas, 20 May 2007)
The objective of this event was to create a forum where US-Mexico Border health professionals and non-traditional partners can dialog, debate, share, determine, and better implement health policies and programs based on available scientific evidence in the area of diabetes. The forum serves as a pivotal mechanism for the incorporation of new ideas, debates and dialogued on key public health issues(20/May/2007)
In English       HTML(11.9k)  
en español     HTML(13.16k)  

Biannual Meeting of the CARMEN Network (Santiago, Chile, 19-21 October 2005)
In light of the projected increase of deaths due to chronic disease (a 17% increase), the objectives of the meeting were to present the PAHO Noncommunicable Disease Unit and its areas of technical cooperation; to review developments in CNCD prevention and control in CARMEN Member Countries; and to discuss the future of the CARMEN network. This strategic meeting was attended by 60 representatives from over 20 countries.(4/May/2007)
In English       HTML(5.88k)   PDF(421.57k)  
en español     HTML(6.68k)   PDF(423.58k)  

10 Key Findings and Recommendations for Effective Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment Programs
This two-page ACCP Fact Sheet summarizes outline 10 key findings and recommendations for global policy and practice related to cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings. It is based on studies carried out in four countries all over the world, with PAHO's study the TATI project in Peru. PAHO is a member of the ACCP.(30/Apr/2007)
In English       PDF(84.74k)  

CARMEN Management Committee Workshop Report (Toronto, 15-16 March 2007)
The purpose of this meeting was to review progress to date and to discuss how a strengthened CARMEN initiatiive can support implementation of the PAHO Regional Strategy. Specific objectives included: (1) To report on progress to date; (2) To review the revised draft Terms of Reference; (3) To discuss future directions by reviewing the draft country profile tool, sharing information about supplementary tools, identifying possibilities for further development and piloting of tools and projects, as well as potential actions in support of the Regional Strategy and other actions to support an integrated approach to chronic disease; and (4) To begin planning for the next CARMEN Biennial Meeting (November 2007). (16/Mar/2007)
In English       PDF(384.98k)  

Subregional Meeting of Representatives and Center Directors from Central America, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, and the US-Mexican Border Field Office (Belize City, 12–16 February 2007)
This consultation follows up on the one held in Panama in November 2007 on the implementation of the Estrategia regional y Plan de acción para un enfoque integrado sobre la prevención y el control de las enfermedades crónicas, incluyendo el régimen alimentario, la actividad física y la salud in Central America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. This page contains a summary of the consultation, a PowerPoint presentation on the Regional Strategy as it relates to Central America, and the results of the Panama meeting.(16/Feb/2007)
In English       HTML(4.41k)  
en español     HTML(4.84k)  

Stop the Global Epidemic of Chronic Disease: A Practical Guide to Successful Advocacy
Effective advocacy is needed to convince decision-makers that chronic diseases and health promotion merit increased investment at the national and local level, and that decisive action carries substantial, cost-effective benefits. 36 million lives can be saved over the next 10 years, which in turn will lead to substantial economic benefits to countries. This guide will help teach interested persons how to advocate more effectively.(31/Dec/2006)
In English       HTML(5.24k)   PDF(10047.49k)  
en español     HTML(6.19k)  
en Français    OMS  

Central America-Mexico Regional Consultation: Regional Strategy and Plan of Action on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health (Panama City, 27 November 2006)
The objective of this meeting was for the Central American countries and Mexico to search for and begin to identify the national and subregional mechanisms for implementation of the Regional Strategy and Plan of Action on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health, approved by the PAHO/WHO 47th Directing Council in September 2006. (27/Nov/2006)
In English       HTML(5.16k)  
en español     HTML(5.46k)  

All About Diabetes
This site of the American Diabetes Association offers basic information for people with diabetes.(26/Oct/2006)
In English       ADA  
en español     ADA  

Surveillance of Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors (WHO Fact Sheet No. 273)
This official WHO fact sheet offers basic information on the surveillance of risk factors for chronic noncommunicable diseases. Quality health information is essential for planning and implementing health policy in all countries. Risk factor data are especially important as predictors of future disease or injury. The World Health Report 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life, identifies five important risk factors for non-communicable disease in the top ten leading risks to health. Risk factors are defined as any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual, which increase the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. Measuring risk factors of noncommunicable disease is an attempt to predict the future distribution of NCDs in a population. This type of information is vital to promoting disease prevention and control programs.(24/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO  
en Français    OMS  

Diabetes (WHO Fact Sheet No. 312)
This official WHO fact sheet provides basic information--facts, consequences, economic impact and how to reduce it, prevention and control activities--on diabetes mellitus, a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or alternatively, when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels. The page is divided into sections offering answers to the most frequent questions.(23/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO  
en Français    OMS  

Frequently asked questions about the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
On this page WHO answers the main eight questions on the strategy: what it is, the key issues it addresses, how it was prepared, process and practice, taxes and subsidies, food-labeling issues, and private-sector questions for the junk-food industry.(30/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Overall Goal and Guiding Principles
This fact sheet summarizes the Global Strategy, the overall goal of which is to improve public health through healthy eating and physical activity, with guiding principles geared towards achieving that end. (30/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

Versión panamericana de STEPS para la vigilancia de los factores de riesgo de las enfermedades crónicas
Este documento de la versión en español del instrumento estándar de la OMS para la vigilancia de factores de riesgo de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT), el cual los países/sitios utilizarán para desarrollar su propio instrumento. Contiene las secciones principales (las casillas con fondo blanco, las secciones ampliadas (las casillas con fondo sombreado), y las respuestas posibles para Step 1, Step 2 y Step 3. Los módulos principales para cada sección contienen preguntas necesarias para calcular variables fundamentales. Las preguntas de las secciones ampliadas permiten obtener más detalles.(29/Mar/2006)
en español     PDF(207.44k)  

Breast Health Global Initiative (BHGI)
The Breast Health Global Initiative (BHGI) strives to develop evidence-based, economically feasible and culturally appropriate Guidelines for underdeveloped nations to improve breast-health outcomes. PAHO and WHO are among the many organizations participating in this partnership.(30/Jan/2006)
In English       HTML(6.89k)   BHGI  
en español     HTML(7.76k)   BHGI  

Symposium Report: Lay Health Workers (Health Promoters) Project: Community Mobilization to Improve Cardiovascular Health in the Americas (Santiago, Chile, 17-18 October 2005)
The general objective of this meeting of the CARMEN network was to exchange information on emerging models for programs that rely on health promoters to carry out community interventions and to take any lessons learned into account in the planning of future programs. The meeting was co-sponsored by the National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute (NIH/NHLBI) of the United States, which also participated in the meeting. (18/Oct/2005)
In English       HTML(18.75k)   PDF(172.32k)  
en español     HTML(19.06k)   PDF(173.73k)  

A Situational Analysis of Cervical Cancer in Latin America & the Caribbean
This 2003 analysis of cervical cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean, published at the end of 2003, provides information for public-health professionals, policy-makers and advocates involved in the development and management of cervical cancer prevention and control programs. It represents a synthesis of data and information derived from many sources.(31/Dec/2004)
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en español     HTML(5.49k)   PDF(1284.25k)  

WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
WHO developed, under a May 2002 mandate from Member States, a Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health, which was endorsed by the May 2004 World Health Assembly. The link below offers access to the text of the final resolution (WHA57.17) with the strategy document attached.(30/May/2004)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

Violência e representação social na adolescência no Brasil
OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre a representação que os adolescentes têm de si e a violência física severa, psicológica e sexual que sofrem de pessoas que lhes são importantes, sobretudo os pais; e analisar a associação entre a vitimização na família e em outros espaços sociais. (Rev Panam Salud Pública 2004, 16(1):43-51) (6/May/2004)
em Português Texto completo  

CD44.R6: Primary Health Care in the Americas: Lessons Learned over 25 Years and Future Challenges
This resolution from the 44th PAHO Directing Council in 2003, taking into consideration the Declaration of Alma-Ata and past PAHO resolutions, sets forth the mandate of improving the quality of primary care in the Americas: more equitable access to health services, improved surveillance and information systems in this context, improved training for healthcare workers, a health promotion approach, better policy implementation, local community-based approaches and models, working towards the Millennium Development Goals, etc.(25/Sep/2003)
In English       CD44.R6  
en español     CD44.R6  
en Français    CD44.R6  
em Português CD44.R6  

Comparación de dos regímenes dietéticos en personas extremadamente obesas
En Estados Unidos de América se observa un incremento progresivo del número de personas con obesidad y diabetes tipo 2. Según estadísticas de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades de ese país, la situación es alarmante, ya que casi dos terceras partes de la población estadounidense tienen exceso de peso corporal. (Rev Panam Salud Pública 2003 14(1):42)(18/Jul/2003)
en español     PDF(36.9k)  

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Costa Rican elementary school Children
This article presents a study carried out from July 2000 to April 2001 to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban and rural Costa Rican elementary school children. (Rev Panam Salud Pública, 2003 13(1))(15/Feb/2003)
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en español     HTML(3.75k)  

The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
Worldwide, healthy life expectancy can be increased by 5 to 10 years if governments and individuals work together to reduce major health risks in each Region. This report examines more than risks to health and identifies interventions that would reduce these risks, thereby increasing healthy life years. The risks to health include underweight, unsafe sex, high blood pressure, tobacco, alcohol, unsafe water and sanitation, cholesterol, indoor smoke from solid fuels, iron deficiency and overweight. (30/Oct/2002)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  

Protection of Mental Health in Disasters and Emergency Situations
The objective of this publication is to offer practical planning guidelines to act in the immediate aftermath of an emergency, and it does not include treatment of psychosocial problems that arise in the medium- and long-term. It is directed toward community efforts and promotes coordination between the multiple agencies that work in the mental health field, frequently with different points of view. In Spanish only.(10/Oct/2002)
en español     HTML(4.72k)  

Muertes por homicidio, suicidio y accidentes en pacientes con trastornos mentales (intantáneas)
Los estudios sobre el homicidio y los trastornos mentales suelen centrarse en los pacientes psiquiátricos como autores, más que como víctimas. Teniendo en cuenta estos antecedentes, los objetivos del presente estudio consistieron en determinar el riesgo de muerte por homicidio, suicidio y accidente en pacientes psiquiátricos. (Rev Panam Salud Pública 2002 11(1):32-33) (6/Jan/2002)
en español     Texto completo  

Anthropometric Indicators of Obesity: Epidemiologic and Public Health Aspects of Their Development and Use
The author asserts that developing appropriate anthropometric indicators for obesity poses three critical questions: the objective of identifying obese or overweight people; the selection of an anthropometric indicators; and the selection of an optimum cutoff point for that indicator. (Chapter in "Obesity and Poverty: A New Public Health Challenge," 2000; pp95–100) (You can purchase this chapter)(1/Jul/2000)
In English       Full Text  

Behavioral Disorders
Reviews the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other psychoactive substances in the Americas and provides a general analysis of the problem, review of indicators, mental and psychological disorders, current care needs, future care needs, mental health care and services. (Chapter in "Health in the Americas," 1998, pp 184-192)(13/Apr/1998)
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en español     PDF(86.31k)