Healthy Eating and Active Living

Visit the Healthy Eating and Active Living for an organized listing of the materials available on this topic.

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

Healthy Caribbean 2008: Chronic Disease Prevention Civil Society Conference (Barbados, 16–18 October 2008)
The objective of this meeting was to plan the response of civil society to the chronic disease epidemic in the Caribbean, in light of the Declaration of Port-of-Spain that resulted from the CARICOM Summit held in September 2007. The plan for civil society is a deliverable that falls under a PAHO/IAHF letter of agreement. This meeting was complementary to the one on the Caribbean Private-Sector Response to CNCDs held in Trinidad in June 2008.(16/Oct/2008)
In English       HTML(6.53k)  
en español     HTML(7.52k)  

CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48.R5 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(1/Oct/2008)
In English       CD48.R5  
en español     CD48.R5  
en Français    CD48.R5  
em Português CD48.R5  

Regional Strategy on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health
Chronic diseases are the major cause of death in all the countries of the Americas. This strategy was created to deal with this new epidemic: It Strategy is comprehensive, requiring a combination of interventions for the population and individuals. It is integrated, spanning prevention and control strategies focusing on the major chronic diseases and cross-cutting risk factors (especially diet, physical activity, tobacco, and alcohol). Finally, it is intersectoral, because most of the major determinants of the chronic-disease burden lie outside the health sector. This page offers an executive summary and access to the full text in PAHO publication format, as well as related initiatives.(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(6.92k)   PDF(1669.81k)  
en español     HTML(7.68k)   PDF(1662.37k)  
en Français    PDF(754.25k)  
em Português PDF(625.47k)  

CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity
CD48/5 - Population-based and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(153.91k)  
en español     PDF(173.39k)  
en Français    PDF(161.64k)  
em Português PDF(157.84k)  

CD48/8 - Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health
CD48/8, Regional Strategy for Improving Adolescent and Youth Health(21/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(244.31k)  
en español     PDF(175.23k)  
en Français    PDF(190.52k)  
em Português PDF(244.52k)  

Introduction to Social Marketing: Its Application for Promoting Healthy Lifestyles (Mexico City, Mexico, 28 July – 1 August 2008)
This 40-hour course was sponsored by PAHO's CARMEN School, the summer courses at the National Institute of Health of Mexico, and the University of South Florida. As a result, the technique of Social Marketing selected at the course will be used will be used for dissemination and application for social communication in the areas of obesity and overweight among children, physical activity, diabetes, cervical cancer, and limiting the sale of junk food and products from vending machines.(1/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(6.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.73k)  

Trans Fat Free Americas: Declaration of Rio de Janeiro
Public health authorities, representatives of the food industry, and companies producing edible fats and oils--convened by the PAHO/WHO in the city of Rio de Janeiro from 8-9 June 2008--made this declaration against trans fatty acids in foods produced for human consumption.(9/Jun/2008)
In English       PDF(165.74k)  
en español     PDF(169.27k)  
em Português PDF(157.03k)  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)  

Chronic Diseases: PAHO Activities
This page describes the mission, priority areas and activities related to chronic diseases: not only cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes but also risk-factor surveillance and integrated risk-factor and disease management (diet and physical activity, etc.).(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(4.2k)  
en español     HTML(4.67k)  

Annual Meeting of the CARMEN Observatory on Chronic Noncommunicable Disease Policy: Mobilizing for Action (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 12-13 May 2008)
PAHO and the Public Health Agency of Canada have been collaborating for a number of years in the CARMEN Policy Observatory for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (CNCDs). In addition to the latest meeting proceedings, this site provides access to the documentation for this year plus other resources, in all four PAHO official languages.(13/May/2008)
In English       PHAC  
en español     PHAC  
en Français    ASPC  
em Português PHAC  

Caribbean Private Sector Response to Chronic Diseases (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 8-9 May 2008)
The objective of this meeting was to mobilize the Caribbean private sector to take a more active role in the reduction of chronic noncommunicable diseases by implementing measures to reduce the risk of these diseases affecting its own employees as well as the wider community, as well as supporting a Caribbean Wellness Day. This page offers a downloadable CD-ROM with all documentation and presentations. (9/May/2008)
In English       HTML(9.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.21k)  

Promoting Physical Activity in the Caribbean (Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 6-7 May 2008)
This training course was held to educate participants in the value of physical activity in promoting health, with real-life examples of built environments, public spaces, and urban planning that promote walking, biking, and use of public transportation. The online presentations contain the latest data on obesity and hundreds of photos that speak for themselves and prove how these concepts have been applied effectively, with arguments as to their validity that refute common myths as to why it can't be done. This page offers all training materials.(7/May/2008)
In English       HTML(7.73k)  
en español     HTML(9.9k)  

Guías ALAD de diagnóstico, control y tratamiento de la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Las Guías ALAD son de seguro una herramienta fundamental para el control de la diabetes tipo 2 en America Latina. Estas guías basadas en evidencias han sido producidas por un grupo de profesionales que constituyen la vanguardia científica de nuestra región en el campo de la endocrinología y la diabetes. Esperamos que estas guías se utilicen por el personal sanitario de los tres niveles de atención para brindar un servicio de calidad y obtener los mejores resultados clínicos.(14/Apr/2008)
en español     HTML(7.99k)   PDF(816.4k)  

Caribbean Expert Consultation on Scaling Up Population-Based Screening and Management of CVD and Diabetes (Montego Bay, Jamaica, 4-5 March 2008)
This page offers access to the five presentations from this conference: the Caribbean situation, reducing CVD mortality, the single risk-factor approach, the Caribbean Diabetes project, and its context and objectives.(5/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(3.08k)  

Dominica's National Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Summit (14 December 2007)
Three months after the CARICOM Heads of Government NCD Summit in Port-of-Spain on 15 September 2007, Dominica held a National CNCD Summit. The meeting was attended by the President, Prime Minister, cabinet, and civil society, including the private sector, NGOs, and the media. This page contains a summary and the report.(14/Dec/2007)
In English       HTML(3.39k)  
en español     HTML(3.72k)  

10th International Course on Physical Activity and Public Health: Move for Health (2nd Course of the CARMEN School in Guatemala, Antigua, 13-16 November 2007)
This course provided training for national and community public health professionals in Guatemala on the topic of physical activity and health.(16/Nov/2007)
In English       HTML(5.02k)   PDF(102.62k)  
en español     HTML(5.31k)   PDF(109.72k)  

CARMEN Network Biennial Meeting: Sharing, Learning, Imagining, Planning and Partnering to Implement the Chronic Disease Regional Strategy within the CARMEN Network (Nassau, Bahamas, 4–8 November 2007)
This page contains the materials and eventual output from the Biennial Meeting for the CARMEN Network for the integrated prevention and management of chronic noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in the Americas. The meeting will include a variety of presentation from four main areas: policy and advocacy, surveillance and research, health promotion and disease prevention, and integrated disease and risk-factor management. This page contains all meeting materials, including the final report.(15/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(10.18k)  
en español     HTML(11.37k)  

Capacity-Building in Prevention and Control of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Focal Points Meeting (Panama City, Panama, 10–12 October 2007)
This page provides complete orientation on what PAHO is currently doing in the area of chronic noncommunicable disease prevention and control: While the Noncommunicable Disease Unit plays a main role role in implementing the Regional Strategy on diet, physical activity, and health, it is a shared responsibility among all staff working in chronic disease prevention and control across several PAHO Units and Areas, Country Offices, and Centers. This meeting provided an opportunity for professional briefing, updating, and agreement for all involved personnel throughout the Organization. This page provides all meeting materials and presentations and gives a thorough overview of the current situation, strategic direction, and planned activities. (12/Oct/2007)
In English       HTML(15.86k)  
en español     HTML(17.43k)  

Trinidad and Tobago: Current Activities in CNCD Risk Factor Reduction, Diabetic Foot Care, and Wellness (CARMEN Biennial Conference, Nassau, Bahamas, 4-8 November 2007)
The CARMEN Network on Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Risk-Factor Management will hold its meeting in November in Trinidad. This page offers information on three presentations to be made on activities in that country: National Plan for Risk Factor Reduction in the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, Diabetic Foot Care Management Programme, and Wellness Programme for Risk Factor Reduction in the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.(15/Aug/2007)
In English       HTML(13.81k)  
en español     HTML(15.72k)  

National Consultation: Strategies for a National Action Plan on Integrated Management and Epidemiological Surveillance of Chronic Diseases (Managua, Nicaragua, 2 July 2007)
The purpose of this meeting was to establish a National Action Plan as well as a National Operational Plan for the execution of the lines of action of the Regional Strategy on an Integrated Approach to Chronic Diseases in Nicaragua. This page offers a summary, the agenda, and the seven PowerPoint presentations made at the meeting. (2/Jul/2007)
In English       HTML(5.77k)  
en español     HTML(5.66k)  

Biannual Meeting of the CARMEN Network (Santiago, Chile, 19-21 October 2005)
In light of the projected increase of deaths due to chronic disease (a 17% increase), the objectives of the meeting were to present the PAHO Noncommunicable Disease Unit and its areas of technical cooperation; to review developments in CNCD prevention and control in CARMEN Member Countries; and to discuss the future of the CARMEN network. This strategic meeting was attended by 60 representatives from over 20 countries.(4/May/2007)
In English       HTML(5.88k)   PDF(421.57k)  
en español     HTML(6.68k)   PDF(423.58k)  

CARMEN Management Committee Workshop Report (Toronto, 15-16 March 2007)
The purpose of this meeting was to review progress to date and to discuss how a strengthened CARMEN initiatiive can support implementation of the PAHO Regional Strategy. Specific objectives included: (1) To report on progress to date; (2) To review the revised draft Terms of Reference; (3) To discuss future directions by reviewing the draft country profile tool, sharing information about supplementary tools, identifying possibilities for further development and piloting of tools and projects, as well as potential actions in support of the Regional Strategy and other actions to support an integrated approach to chronic disease; and (4) To begin planning for the next CARMEN Biennial Meeting (November 2007). (16/Mar/2007)
In English       PDF(384.98k)  

Subregional Meeting of Representatives and Center Directors from Central America, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, and the US-Mexican Border Field Office (Belize City, 12–16 February 2007)
This consultation follows up on the one held in Panama in November 2007 on the implementation of the Estrategia regional y Plan de acción para un enfoque integrado sobre la prevención y el control de las enfermedades crónicas, incluyendo el régimen alimentario, la actividad física y la salud in Central America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. This page contains a summary of the consultation, a PowerPoint presentation on the Regional Strategy as it relates to Central America, and the results of the Panama meeting.(16/Feb/2007)
In English       HTML(4.41k)  
en español     HTML(4.84k)  

Stop the Global Epidemic of Chronic Disease: A Practical Guide to Successful Advocacy
Effective advocacy is needed to convince decision-makers that chronic diseases and health promotion merit increased investment at the national and local level, and that decisive action carries substantial, cost-effective benefits. 36 million lives can be saved over the next 10 years, which in turn will lead to substantial economic benefits to countries. This guide will help teach interested persons how to advocate more effectively.(31/Dec/2006)
In English       HTML(5.24k)   PDF(10047.49k)  
en español     HTML(6.19k)  
en Français    OMS  

Central America-Mexico Regional Consultation: Regional Strategy and Plan of Action on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health (Panama City, 27 November 2006)
The objective of this meeting was for the Central American countries and Mexico to search for and begin to identify the national and subregional mechanisms for implementation of the Regional Strategy and Plan of Action on an Integrated Approach to the Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Including Diet, Physical Activity, and Health, approved by the PAHO/WHO 47th Directing Council in September 2006. (27/Nov/2006)
In English       HTML(5.16k)  
en español     HTML(5.46k)  

All About Diabetes
This site of the American Diabetes Association offers basic information for people with diabetes.(26/Oct/2006)
In English       ADA  
en español     ADA  

Obesity and Overweight (WHO Fact Sheet No. 311)
This official WHO fact sheet provides basic information on obesity and overweight. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used in classifying overweight and obesity in adult populations and individuals. It is defined as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). BMI provides the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. WHO defines "overweight" as a BMI equal to or more than 25, and "obesity" as a BMI equal to or more than 30. These cut-off points provide a benchmark for individual assessment, but there is evidence that risk of chronic disease in populations increases progressively from a BMI of 21.(24/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

Diabetes (WHO Fact Sheet No. 312)
This official WHO fact sheet provides basic information--facts, consequences, economic impact and how to reduce it, prevention and control activities--on diabetes mellitus, a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or alternatively, when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels. The page is divided into sections offering answers to the most frequent questions.(23/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO  
en Français    OMS  

Frequently asked questions about the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
On this page WHO answers the main eight questions on the strategy: what it is, the key issues it addresses, how it was prepared, process and practice, taxes and subsidies, food-labeling issues, and private-sector questions for the junk-food industry.(30/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Overall Goal and Guiding Principles
This fact sheet summarizes the Global Strategy, the overall goal of which is to improve public health through healthy eating and physical activity, with guiding principles geared towards achieving that end. (30/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

PAHO Regional Program on Healthy Eating and Active Living
This page describes the Program's goal, objectives, guiding principles, and expected results for the Region, with the motto Let's eat healthy and get moving Americas!(29/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(3.75k)  
en español     HTML(4.43k)  
en Français    HTML(4.32k)  

WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
WHO developed, under a May 2002 mandate from Member States, a Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health, which was endorsed by the May 2004 World Health Assembly. The link below offers access to the text of the final resolution (WHA57.17) with the strategy document attached.(30/May/2004)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

Comparación de dos regímenes dietéticos en personas extremadamente obesas
En Estados Unidos de América se observa un incremento progresivo del número de personas con obesidad y diabetes tipo 2. Según estadísticas de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades de ese país, la situación es alarmante, ya que casi dos terceras partes de la población estadounidense tienen exceso de peso corporal. (Rev Panam Salud Pública 2003 14(1):42)(18/Jul/2003)
en español     PDF(36.9k)  

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Costa Rican elementary school Children
This article presents a study carried out from July 2000 to April 2001 to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban and rural Costa Rican elementary school children. (Rev Panam Salud Pública, 2003 13(1))(15/Feb/2003)
In English       HTML(3.58k)  
en español     HTML(3.75k)  

The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
Worldwide, healthy life expectancy can be increased by 5 to 10 years if governments and individuals work together to reduce major health risks in each Region. This report examines more than risks to health and identifies interventions that would reduce these risks, thereby increasing healthy life years. The risks to health include underweight, unsafe sex, high blood pressure, tobacco, alcohol, unsafe water and sanitation, cholesterol, indoor smoke from solid fuels, iron deficiency and overweight. (30/Oct/2002)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  

Anthropometric Indicators of Obesity: Epidemiologic and Public Health Aspects of Their Development and Use
The author asserts that developing appropriate anthropometric indicators for obesity poses three critical questions: the objective of identifying obese or overweight people; the selection of an anthropometric indicators; and the selection of an optimum cutoff point for that indicator. (Chapter in "Obesity and Poverty: A New Public Health Challenge," 2000; pp95–100) (You can purchase this chapter)(1/Jul/2000)
In English       Full Text