Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)

   Technical Documents


Technical Documents

CD48/10: Towards the Elimination of Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) in the Region of the Americas
This report from the 48th session of the PAHO Directing Council reports on the current situation and progress made towards achieving the PAHO mandate of eliminating onchocercaisis (river blindness) from the Region of the Americas.(14/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(157.94k)  
en español     PDF(157.56k)  
en Français    PDF(151.09k)  
em Português PDF(161.38k)  

10 Facts about Neglected Tropical Diseases
These ten facts provide a basic overview on what constitutes neglected tropical diseases and what is being done to combat them.(23/Jun/2008)
In English       WHO  

Preventive Chemotherapy in Human Helminthiasis--Controlled Use of Antihelminthic Drugs: A Manual for Health Professionals and Programme Managers
This manual is intended to guide the coordinated implementation of regular, systematic, large-scale interventions that provide anthelminthic drug treatment as a core component of the joint and synergic control of helminthic diseases such as lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis. The manual is accompanied by the dose-poles (in poster format, to display proper dosage by height).(23/Jun/2008)
In English       WHO  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)  

CE142/18: Onchocerciasis: Progress Report
This report from the PAHO Executive Committee gives an account of the current situation and progress made towards complying with the PAHO mandate of eliminating onchocerciasis (river blindness) from the Americas.(22/May/2008)
In English       PDF(115.16k)  
en español     PDF(116.54k)  

CSP27.R10: Regional Policy and Strategy for Ensuring Quality of Health Care, Including Patient Safety
This resolution from the 27th Pan American Sanitary Conference in 2007 sets forth the PAHO mandate for providing effective, safe, efficient, accessible, appropriate, and satisfactory care for users, recognizing that policies are needed in the health sector that will impact the health care continuum, foster citizen involvement, and promote a culture of quality and safety in health care institution.(3/Oct/2007)
In English       CSP27.R10  
en español     CSP27.R10  
en Français    CSP27.R10  
em Português CSP27.R10  

Global Plan to Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2008–2015
The WHO Global Plan to Combat NTDs Global Plan has been formulated according to the following key principles: the right to health; existing health systems as a setting for interventions; a coordinated, multi-disease response by the health system; integration and equity; and intensified control of diseases alongside pro-poor policies. This page contains the executive summary plus a link to the full text.(24/Aug/2007)
In English       HTML(8.99k)  
en español     HTML(10.88k)  
en Français    HTML(10.49k)  
em Português HTML(11.18k)  

Neglected Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Hidden Killers of Productivity and Economic Development
This brochure on neglected diseases, especially designed for potential donors, describes the challenges and burden of these diseases--which overwhelmingly affect the poorest and most vulnerable populaltions--and the opportunities for their control and elimination. It complements the program's poster and fact sheet.(26/Jun/2007)
In English       PDF(302.9k)  

A Turning Point 2007: Report of the Global Partners' Meeting on Neglected Tropical Diseases (Geneva, Switzerland, 19-20 April 2007)
An estimated one billion people--one sixth of the world’s population--are infected with one or more neglected tropical diseases. These diseases are largely ancient infectious diseases that thrive in impoverished settings, especially in the heat and humidity of tropical climates. This meeting of 200 key international partners declared to the world that control of these diseases deserves high priority on the global public health agenda and still greater determination to deliver appropriate health care to the millions of poor people in need.(20/Apr/2007)
In English       WHO  

Neglected Tropical Diseases: Preventive Chemotherapy and Transmission Control
This brochure outlines how preventive chemotherapy can be used to reach the un-reached affected by lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, and soil-transmitted helminths, with low-cost tools yielding high payoffs.(31/Dec/2006)
In English       WHO  

Onchocerciasis (TDR Fact Sheet and Research Resource Page)
This page provides basic information on onchocerciasis (river blindness), an insect-borne disease caused by a parasite Onchocerca volvulus and transmitted by blackflies of the species Simulium damnosum. Onchocerciasis is often called “river blindness” because the blackfly that transmits the disease abounds in fertile riverside areas that frequently remain uninhabited for fear of infection--thus making the diseases a serious obstacle to socioeconomic development. O. volvulus is almost exclusively a human parasite. Adult worms live in nodules in a human body where the female worms produce high numbers of first-stage larvae known as microfilariae. They migrate from the nodules to the subepidermal layer of the skin where they can be ingested by blackflies. They further develop in the body of the insect from which more people can be infected. Eye lesions in humans are caused by microfilariae. They can be found in all internal tissues of the eye--except the lens--where they cause eye inflammation, bleeding, and other complications that ultimately lead to blindness.(20/Oct/2006)
In English       WHO/TDR  
en Français    OMS  

Neglected Diseases: The Diseases of Poverty
Neglected Diseases strike populations already cripped by poverty and inequity: women, children, indigenous populations, the poor. This bilingual poster, the text of which appears in both HTML and Word in fact-sheet format, outlines the health and economic impact of Neglected Diseases and the current response in terms of prevention and treatment and intersectoral solutions.(10/Oct/2006)
In English       HTML(8.55k)   WORDL(218.62k)   PDF(2786.76k)  
en español     HTML(9.96k)   WORDL(178.69k)   PDF(2786.76k)  

The Burden of Neglected Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean Compared with Some Other Communicable Diseases
This graph makes a case for increased attention to neglected diseases by illustrating their tremendous disease burden as compared to other communicable diseases that receive a higher level of attention from health systems.(10/Oct/2006)
In English       HTML(2.46k)  
en español     HTML(2.69k)  

CD47.R18: Health of the Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
Taking note of the existence of inequities in health and access to health care services that affect more than 45 million indigenous people living in the Americas; and because the United Nations Millennium Declaration cannot be reached unless the specific health needs of excluded populations, such as indigenous peoples, are addressed, this resolution of the 47th PAHO Directing Council in 2006 sets for the mandate to take a multicultural approach to include these groups and work towards greater equity and better health for all.(29/Sep/2006)
In English       CD47.R18  
en español     CD47.R18  
en Français    CD47.R18  
em Português CD47.R18  

Communicable Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO: Aims, Strategies and Lines of Action
This page summarizes the mission, objectives, strategies and lines of action of the PAHO Communicable Disease Unit and describes what it hopes to accomplish through technical cooperation.(20/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(5.57k)  
en español     HTML(5.91k)  

Parasitic and Neglected Diseases: The PAHO Regional Program
This page describes the activities of PAHO's Regional Program on Parasitic and Neglected Diseases: its mission, areas of work, challenges to be faced and strategies with which to face them. It also provides links to the index pages of the diseases in this group.(9/Feb/2006)
In English       HTML(8.95k)  
en español     HTML(10.12k)  

CD45.R3: Millennium Development Goals and Health Targets
This resolution from the 45th PAHO Directing Council in 2004 issues a series of mandates to advise countries on what they need to do to meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).(29/Sep/2004)
In English       CD45.R3  
en español     CD45.R3  
en Français    CD45.R3  
em Português CD45.R3  

Reducing the Burden of Preventable Diseases Among the Poor: Onchocerciasis and Filariasis
This subsection in Charting a Future for Health in the Americas: Quadrennial Report of the Director, 2002 Edition, describes the Organization's efforts in support of the regional initiative to eliminate Onchoceriasis and Filariasis from the region.(17/Oct/2003)
In English       HTML(4.7k)  
en español     HTML(5.86k)  

CD44.R6: Primary Health Care in the Americas: Lessons Learned over 25 Years and Future Challenges
This resolution from the 44th PAHO Directing Council in 2003, taking into consideration the Declaration of Alma-Ata and past PAHO resolutions, sets forth the mandate of improving the quality of primary care in the Americas: more equitable access to health services, improved surveillance and information systems in this context, improved training for healthcare workers, a health promotion approach, better policy implementation, local community-based approaches and models, working towards the Millennium Development Goals, etc.(25/Sep/2003)
In English       CD44.R6  
en español     CD44.R6  
en Français    CD44.R6  
em Português CD44.R6  

CD35.14: Eradication/Elimination of Certain Diseases from the Region
This resolution from the PAHO Directing Council sets forth the mandate for the eradication and elimination on onchocerciais (river blindness), Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis) through blood transfusion, and leprosy (Hansen's disease) from the Americas.(30/Sep/1991)
In English       CD35.R14  
en español     CD35.R14