Tropical Diseases

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Periodical Publications

Epidemiological Alerts Archives, 2003–2008
(Note: Series renamed, formerly EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas.)
The purpose of these alerts is to disseminate information on the latest public-health events that have been identified as risks to health, trade, and/or international travel. Most of these events are primarily due to infectious agents, while others are due to chemical or physical agents. The PAHO Epidemiological Alerts published at the regional level (for the Americas) complement the WHO Disease Outbreak News published at the global level. The latest issues can be found at the new site, 2009 onwards.(3/Apr/2009)
In English       HTML(36.2k)  
en español     HTML(40.91k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 6, No. 3 (6 February 2009)
This issue provides an update of the dengue situation in Bolivia, current actions being taken in surveillance, response, and disease and vector contro; and PAHO's role in providing support for these activities.(10/Feb/2009)
In English       PDF(297.98k)  
en español     PDF(271.85k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 6, No. 4 (10 February 2009)
This update report focuses on the yellow fever situation in South America and the Caribbean and on current measures being taken for surveillance, response, and disease and vector control, as well as vaccination for people at risk.(10/Feb/2009)
In English       PDF(287.64k)  
en español     PDF(265.82k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 6, No. 2 (30 January 2009)
This update focuses on the current situation of yellow fever in the South American and Caribbean countries and on measures being taken in the areas of surveillance, response, disease and vector control, and vaccination for persons at risk.(30/Jan/2009)
In English       PDF(196.76k)  
en español     PDF(192.2k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 6, No. 1 (25 January 2009)
This issue is an epidemiological alert on the increase in circulation of the jungle yellow fever virus in South America and the Caribbean, with information on actions taken in the areas of surveillance, response, and disease and vector control as well as vaccination of groups at risk.(25/Jan/2009)
In English       PDF(109.03k)  
en español     PDF(96.44k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 12 (13 November 2008)
This issue covers the epizootic among monkeys in southeastern Brazil and northwestern Argentina, along with the measures being taken and recommendations made.(14/Nov/2008)
In English       HTML(5.02k)  
en español     HTML(5.17k)  

Action Against Worms
This link goes to the homepage of the WHO newsletter, Action Against Worms, which deals with intestinal parasites. Parasitic infections are considered neglected diseases that mainly affect the poor, and most especially children. Each issue of the newsletter focuses on a specific topic. From May 2008 onwards, PAHO will be translating this newsletter into Spanish, and there are also several issues available in French, all accessible via this English-language homepage.(27/May/2008)
In English       Action against Worms  
en español     Action against Worms  
en Français    Action against Worms  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 11 (31 March 2008)
This issue provides updated information on yellow fever cases in Argentina and ongoing immunization and vector control activities.(31/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(2.61k)  
en español     HTML(2.82k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 10 (27 March 2008)
This issue links to the PAHO/WHO statement providing the results of the investigation of serious adverse events that occurred in October 2007 after the earthquake in Peru following administration of yellow fever vaccine (substrain 17DD) manufactured by Bio-Manguinhos, Brazil, including conclusions of the expert group and their recommendations. (27/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(1.93k)  
en español     HTML(2.1k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 9 (26 March 2008)
This issue provides information on the increase in dengue and dengue hemorrhagic cases in several Brazilian states, focusing on Rio de Janeiro and on current measures being taken to fight the disease.(26/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(3.71k)  
en español     HTML(3.96k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 8 (21 March 2008)
This issue reports on how the Ministry of Health has created a crisis office to deal with the escalation in the number of dengue cases in Rio de Janeiro.(21/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(3.04k)  
en español     HTML(3.38k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 7 (13 March 2008)
This issue provides ongoing coverage of the yellow fever (YF) outbreak in Paraguay and Argentina, with details on the number of cases and deaths reported to date, ongoing vaccination efforts, adverse reactions to the vaccine, and monitoring results.(13/Mar/2008)
In English       HTML(4.33k)  
en español     HTML(4.51k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 6 (25 February 2008)
This issue provides up-to-the-minute information on the yellow fever situation in Paraguay, where measures have been stepped up to deal with the outbreak (more vaccine, vector control measures, international support) to deal with the jungle and urban variety of the disease.(25/Feb/2008)
In English       HTML(4.27k)  
en español     HTML(4.45k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 5 (20 February 2008)
This issue follows up on yellow fever cases in Paraguay in the department of San Pedro and in a town close to the national capital, and describes the efforts underway to contain the spread of the disease and protect the population.(20/Feb/2008)
In English       HTML(3.2k)  
en español     HTML(3.44k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 4 (11 February 2008)
This issue covers the spread of jungle yellow fever (JYF) among primates and humans in parts of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, and the intensified vaccination efforts underway to protect the population living in or travelling to affected areas.(12/Feb/2008)
In English       HTML(5.52k)  
en español     HTML(5.51k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 3 (18 January 2008)
This issue provides continuing coverage of the epizootic (animal epidemic) of jungle yellow fever in monkeys, as well as data on the number of human cases. Most importantly, it provides vaccination recommendations for travellers going to the affected areas.(18/Jan/2008)
In English       HTML(4.02k)  
en español     HTML(4.14k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 5, No. 2 (14 January 2008)
This issue describes the epizootic among monkeys in the State of Goiás and the Federal District (capital city of Brasilia) and human cases in the States of Goías, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and the Federal District.(14/Jan/2008)
In English       HTML(5.12k)  
en español     HTML(5.56k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 9 (26 September 2007)
This issue summarizes the 2007 outbreaks of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic in the countries of the Americas and the efforts made to fight the disease. It offers various maps and graphics, information on the serotypes in circulating, etc.(26/Sep/2007)
In English       HTML(22.36k)  
en español     HTML(22.62k)  

Epidemiology of Chagas Disease in Non-Endemic Countries: The Role of International Migration
At one time, Chagas disease was restricted to the endemic countries of the Americas; but this is no longer the case. This article by retired PAHO Advisor Gabriel Schmunis focuses on the recent spread of Chagas disease as a result of migration. The article appears in a special supplement dedicated to Chagas disease and published in the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.(31/Aug/2007)
In English       Schmunis  

Tackling Neglected Diseases in Latin America
This page links to two Biomedical Center (BMC) Public Health articles, one a commentary on improving the health of neglected populations in Latin America and the other, an article on prevention, control, and elimination of neglected diseases in the Americas.(23/Aug/2007)
In English       WHO  
en español     HTML(3.96k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 8 (16 April 2007)
This issue provides details on how the dengue outbreak in Paraguay is continuing to subside.(16/Apr/2007)
In English       HTML(10.35k)  
en español     HTML(10.22k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 7 (15 March 2007)
This issue follows up on the dengue epidemic in Paraguay and on measures taken to contain it. It shows three graphs and a data table and provides information on ongoing technical cooperation activities by PAHO and by the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to contain this outbreak.(15/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(11.14k)  
en español     HTML(11.56k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 6 (9 March 2007)
This number provides follow-up on the dengue outbreak in Brazil, which continues to be concentrated in the midwestern region in Mato Grosso do Sul state, with a predominance of DEN-3. Data is provided by region and state.(9/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(5.26k)  
en español     HTML(5.74k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 5 (7 March 2007)
This issue focuses on the dengue outbreak in Bolivia, where the majority of cases are being reported from the vicinity of the tropical city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. It includes a statistical graph on dengue incidence from 2006 to 2007.(7/Mar/2007)
In English       HTML(6.14k)  
en español     HTML(5.94k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 4 (12 February 2007)
This issue focus on dengue activity in Brasil, with an overview of the national situation and special focus on the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, which has experienced a notable increase. It also contains a graph on activity in the states from 2006 to 2007 and a map showing the various states and regions of the country.(12/Feb/2007)
In English       HTML(9.65k)  
en español     HTML(9.7k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 3 (9 February 2007)
This issue follows up on the dengue outbreak in Paraguay, which is nine-tenths concentrated in the capital city of Asunción and one-tenth in the rest of the country. It contains a graph with statistics and two maps showing case distribution in the country and in the capital.(9/Feb/2007)
In English       HTML(7.19k)  
en español     HTML(7.2k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 4, No. 1 (29 January 2007)
This issue focuses on the dengue outbreak in Paraguay: prevention and control measures, vector control, mass communication, Dengue Day, and external technical cooperation.(29/Jan/2007)
In English       HTML(10.36k)  
en español     HTML(10.47k)  

Prevention, control, and elimination of neglected diseases in the Americas: Pathways to integrated, inter-programmatic, inter-sectoral action for health and development
Over 210 million people in the Americas live below the poverty line. These impoverished and marginalized populations are heavily burdened with neglected communicable diseases. These diseases continue to enact a toll, not only on families and communities, but on the economically constrained countries themselves. The purpose of this paper is three fold. First, it focuses on a need for integrated "pro-poor" approaches and policies different from traditional approaches. Second, it outlines the need for a specific strategy for addressing these diseases and offers several entry points in the context of broad public health measures involving multiple sectors. Finally, the paper presents several initiatives from PAHO and other institutions that document the importance of integrated, inter-programmatic, and inter-sectoral approaches. Authors include PAHO experts from different areas and the PAHO Director. (BMC Public Health 2007, 7:6, doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-6) (17/Jan/2007)
In English       BMC Public Health  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 3, No. 3 (31 December 2006)
This issue provides details on the dengue outbreak that occurred in Paraguay in 2006. It includes statistical tables, a map, and an account of border activities.(31/Dec/2006)
In English       HTML(8.09k)  
en español     HTML(8.26k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 3, No. 2 (31 October 2006)
This issue provides an update on the recent outbreak of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in El Salvador.(31/Oct/2006)
In English       HTML(8.26k)  
en español     HTML(7.99k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 3, No. 1—24 October 2006
This issue covers the recent outbreak of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in Cuba.(24/Oct/2006)
In English       HTML(4.38k)  
en español     HTML(4.52k)  

Schistomiasis and Soil-Transmitted Parasite Infections: Preliminary Estimates of the Number of Children Treated with Albendazole or Mebendazole (WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record / WER, No. 16, 2006, 81, 145–164)
In the Region of the Americas, the whole pre-school and school-age populations are assumed to be at risk of geohelminth and schistome infections. The burden of disease caused by infection with schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) remains enormous. This article gives the results of the WHO Partners in Parasite Control (PPC) system to track the progress of each endemic country towards the 2010 global target of regular treatment for 75% of all children at risk.(21/Apr/2006)
In English       WHO/WER  
en Français    OMS/REH  

Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination: RPRG Newsletter of the Americas
The objective of this newsletter is to share technical, operational and policy issues for the Americas, and share key information for planning and decision-making while minimizing the duplication of information from those websites devoted to lymphatic filariasis.(16/Sep/2005)
In English       HTML(3.44k)  

Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination: RPRG Newsletter of the Americas, Vol. 2, Issue 1
This issue contains news on the following: 5th LF Elimination Regional Meeting, Paramaribo, Suriname; Thanks to our Partners in Suriname and Abroad; Changes and Promotions in the Region; Integrated Vector Management, Part 2; Links and References about Lymphatic Filariasis; Successful MDA with DEC, Recife, Brazil; Announcements and Deadlines.(31/Oct/2004)
In English       PDF(693.16k)  

GT-Dengue: Difusión electrónica de información sobre el Grupo Técnico de Cooperación Integrada en Dengue (No. 2, 26 October 2004)
Este número brinda información sobre el Marco político para Centroamérica, la EGI en un Congreso Internacional, la EGI-Nicaragua, la EGI-Venezuela, la EGI-Guatemala, los resultados en Guatemala, la Evaluación del Taller, y Lo que está por venir, con enlaces a sitios y/o documentos con más detalles.(27/Oct/2004)
en español     HTML(7.8k)  

EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 26—6 October 2004
This issue covers the following recent events: Epidemiological Situation of Hantavirus in Brazil; Jungle Yellow Fever (JYF) in the State of Monagas, Venezuela; New Draft of the International Health Regulations (IHRs) Now Available.(6/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(10.73k)  
en español     HTML(10.7k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 21—24 June 2004
This week's issue focuses on a report confirming the circulation of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Puerto Rico, and on the current situation of Jungle Yellow Fever (JYF) in the Americas, with information on outbreaks in Peru and Bolivia.(24/Jun/2004)
In English       HTML(6.61k)  
en español     HTML(7.06k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 20—15 June 2004
This issue contains the latest news on the yellow fever epizootic confirmed in the state of Monagas, Venezuela, and on the CDC Webcast on Laboratory Biosafety (BSL-3) scheduled for 17 June.(15/Jun/2004)
In English       HTML(3.9k)  
en español     HTML(4.26k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 10—11 March 2004
This issue contains updates on the situation of avian influenza in Asia, the USA, and Canada, as well as on the outbreak of Jungle Yellow Fever (JYF) in Colombia and the possible threat of the reurbanization of the disease in urban centers of the Americas.(11/Mar/2004)
In English       HTML(14.68k)  
en español     HTML(16.24k)  

GT-Dengue: Difusión electrónica de información sobre el Grupo Técnico de Cooperación Integrada en Dengue (No. 1, 23 noviembre 2003)
Este número brinda información sobre el Marco político del GT-Dengue, un Comunicado de prensa y los Recursos para implementación del GT-Dengue, con enlaces donde se brinda más información sobre los mismos.(23/Nov/2003)
en español     HTML(4.08k)  

GT-Dengue: Difusión electrónica de información sobre el Grupo Técnico de Cooperación Integrada en Dengue
GT Dengue es una lista de correo electrónico del Programa Regional de Dengue OPS/OMS, con el objetivo de diseminar e intercambiar información sobre las actividades y avances del Grupo Técnico para Cooperación Integrada en Dengue. Esta página brinda acceso a los diferentes números.(22/Nov/2003)
en español     HTML(2.7k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 19—12 November 2003
This issue provides updated information on influenza in the Americas (USA, Canada, and Argentina), a WHO update on progress made towards developing a SARS vaccine, and yellow fever in the Americas (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela).(12/Nov/2003)
In English       HTML(9.91k)  
en español     HTML(11.05k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 14—9 October 2003
This issues provides updates information on Jungle Yellow Fever in Latin America and West Nile Virus (WNV) in the Americas.(9/Oct/2003)
In English       HTML(6.32k)  
en español     HTML(6.86k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 9—4 September 2003
This issue provides information on recent outbreaks of P. vivax malaria in San Juan del Oro, Peru, and of West Nile Virus in the United States and Canada.(4/Sep/2003)
In English       HTML(4.74k)  
en español     HTML(5.17k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 8—28 August 2003
This issue provides information on recent outbreaks of Jungle Yellow Fever (JYF) in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela; West Nile Virus in the United States and Canada; and severe respiratory illness in British Colombia, Canada.(28/Aug/2003)
In English       HTML(7.68k)  
en español     HTML(8.2k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 5—8 August 2003
This issue provides the most recent information on the outbreaks of pneumonia in El Salvador, West Nile Virus in the USA, yellow fever in the Americas, and food poisoning on an international flight (Lima-Dallas). (8/Aug/2003)
In English       HTML(7.15k)  
en español     HTML(7.57k)  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 1, No. 3—24 July 2003
This issue contains updates on pneumonia in El Salvador; Hantavirus in Panama; West Nile Virus in USA; icterohemorrhagic disease in Peru; preparations of the Southern Cone Countries in the event of an influenza pandemic; IIIrd Scientific Congress of the Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Present and Future of Medicine in the Tropics (Panama, August 2003). (24/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(7.13k)  
en español     HTML(7.68k)  

Urbanization: An Increasing Risk Factor for Leishmaniasis (Weekly Epidemiological Record, No. 77, 42, 1 November 2002, 365-370)
Leishmaniasis is a growing public health concern for many countries. One of the major risk factors is the phenomenon of urbanization, closely related to the sharp increase in migration for socio-economic, demographic, cultural, religious, political and environmental factors. Most migrants will end up impoverished on the outskirts of large cities where facilities for housing and sanitation are inadequate, thus creating opportunities for the transmission of communicable diseases such as leishmaniasis.(1/Nov/2002)
In English       WHO/WER  
en Français    OMS/REH