Tropical Diseases

   Other Resources


Other Resources

Integrated Vector Management (IVM)
Vector control is well suited for integrated approaches because some vectors are responsible for multiple diseases, and some interventions are effective against several vectors. The concept of IVM was developed as a result of lessons learned from integrated pest management, which is used in the agricultural sector; IVM aims to optimize and rationalize the use of resources and tools for vector control. This resource page links to WHO materials on IVM and to PAHO materials on vector-borne diseases (VBDs).(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(7.74k)  
en español     HTML(8.29k)  

PAHO Communicable Disease Research Program (CDR)
This page offers the user basic information and a variety of resources in the area of research in infectious diseases: mandates, program description, PAHO guides for researchers submitting proposals and reports, links to its WHO counterpart and to the PAHO Research Grants Program as well as to donor institutions and related sites, international awards, announcements of conferences and publications, upcoming events, etc.(27/Aug/2008)
In English       HTML(8.87k)  
en español     HTML(9.76k)  

The Macro and Micro World of the Mosquito Aedes aegypti: You need to know it before you can fight it!
This non-narrative video from Brazil is uniquely composed of images on the lifecyle of A. aegypti, the vector transmitting dengue and yellow fever. As such it is not dependent on language, only on visual filming of how mosquitoes breed, are born and live in area occupied by humans--information that rarely reaches communities. Each minute of this film correspondes to two days in the life of the mosquito.(29/May/2008)
In English       FIOCRUZ  
en español     FIOCRUZ  
en Français    FIOCRUZ  
em Português FIOCRUZ  

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Open-Access Journal Published by the Public Library of Science
This free online journal offers articles covering the broad spectrum of neglected diseases, including geohelminths, river blindness, snail fever, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, filariasis, and other diseases of the poor that are often neglected by health systems, the pharmaceutical industry, and the press.(28/May/2008)
In English       PLOSNTDs  

nature outlook: Neglected Diseases
This special issue of nature focuses on neglected tropical diseases, which 'affect more than one billion people, yet there are few effective treatments. And despite much research activity, scientific innovations with therapeutic potential are not making it out of the laboratory. The articles in this Outlook examine what can be done to stimulate the development of effective medicines and deliver them to the people who need them most.'(11/Feb/2008)
In English       nature  
en español     nature  

Training Materials
This WHO site offers training materials from its Global Malaria Programme: learner's guides, tutor's guides, manuals, and videos in English and French.(20/Nov/2007)
In English       WHO GMP  
en Français    OMS GMP  

Malaria: Topic Home (CDC Malaria Branch)
Besides being partners in RAVREDA-AMI (the PAHO-USAID Amazon Network for Surveillance of Resistance to Antimalarials / Amazon Malaria Initiative), CDC’s Malaria Branch is also designated as WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Control of Malaria, while its Entomology Branch is Collaborating Center for Production and Distribution of Malaria Sporozoite ELISAs.(20/Nov/2007)
In English       CDC Malaria Branch  

The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)
The International Research Institute for Climate Prediction at the Earth Institute at Columbia University is the WHO Collaborating Center for Early Warning Systems for Malaria and other Climate-Sensitive Diseases.(20/Nov/2007)
In English       IRI  

WHO Malaria Page
This page provides important general and technical information on malaria, including disease symptoms, transmission and risks; diagnosis and treatment; vector control; and malaria programs and activities in other WHO Regional Offices.(6/Nov/2007)
In English       WHO Malaria Page  
en español     OMS, Página de Paludismo  
en Français    OMS, Page du Paludisme  

WHO Global Malaria Programme (GMP)
This page provides the latest updates, approaches, and tools on malaria surveillance, monitoring, and evaluation, policy and strategy formulation, technical assistance, and coordination of WHO's global efforts to fight malaria.(6/Nov/2007)
In English       WHO/GMP  

Chagas Disease: An Impediment in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Latin America (Biomed Central / BMC International Health and Human Rights, Vol. 7)
This article outlines the need for multidimensional approaches that address specific geographically determined epidemiological profiles, especially for diseases of poverty that attack the most vulnerable populations. Stopping the cycle of suffering and impoverishment associated with Trypanosoma cruzi will play a role in human empowerment and development as well, which is the basic aim of the MDGs. Click here for the abstract.(7/Sep/2007)
In English       Full Text  

Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (New England Journal of Medicine, 357: 10, September 6, 2007)
The neglected tropical diseases are a group of 13 major disabling conditions that are among the most common chronic infections in the world's poorest people. A blueprint for the control or elimination of the seven most prevalent neglected tropical diseases has been established by a group of private, public, and international organizations working together with pharmaceutical partners and national ministries of health. Through the newly established Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases, with updated guidelines for drug administration issued by WHO, partnerships are coordinating their activities in order to launch a more integrated assault on these conditions.(6/Sep/2007)
In English       NEJM  

Filariasis
This page offers an organized listing of PAHO materials on filariasis and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis), a parasitic mosquito-borne disease that can cause major disability among those affected, primarily the poor, thus making it one of the major neglected diseases.(14/Dec/2006)
In English       HTML(8.98k)  
en español     HTML(10.18k)  

Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas (OEPA) / The Carter Center River Blindness (Onchocerciasis) Program
Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a parasitic neglected disease transmitted by the bites of small black flies that breed in rapidly flowing streams and rivers. Since 1996, The Carter Center has been a leader in the fight against river blindness in the Americas by working in thousands of communities, with OEPA serving as a vehicle to assist ministries of health to combat or eradicate river blindness. (The Carter Center River Blindness Program)(20/Oct/2006)
In English       OEPA  
en español     OEPA  

The Carter Center Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Program
The Carter Center is one of PAHO's main partners in the fight to interrupt and eliminate transmission of lymphatic filariasis (LF, or elephantiasis) Lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by mosquitoes and a leading cause of permanent and long-term disability.(20/Oct/2006)
In English       Carter Center, LF  

Feature: Toward the Eradiction of Chagas Disease
The PAHO partnership with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), working together with the Ministries of Health in Central America, is a successful example of the tremendous progress that joint efforts can make in disease eradication. This article from JICA Magazine, JICA's English-language publication, describes the impact of the Initiative of the Central American Countries to Fight Chagas Disease (IPCA) on tackling this dread disease, one mostly affecting the poor, with a view to its elimination.(11/Sep/2006)
In English       JICA Magazine  
en español     JICA Magazine  

Dengue
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on dengue, organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a side bar with links, frequently requested items, upcoming events, and/or new books.(21/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(10.99k)  
en español     HTML(11.74k)  

Investing in Global Health: 'Best Buys' and Priorities for Action in Developing Countries
These three new volumes from the World Bank Disease Control Priorities Project--Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (2nd ed.), Priorities in Health, and Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors--are part of an ongoing initiative to provide technical resources to improve the health systems, and ultimately the health of people, in developing countries.(3/Apr/2006)
In English       DCP Site  

Travelers' Health
This information published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC, a PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center), helps orient travelers on anything they should know and precautions they should take when travelling to a given country.(23/Mar/2006)
In English       CDC  

International Travel and Health
This page links to WHO information related to international travel, helping to orient travellers as to the situation regarding disease prevalence or outbreaks in a given country and what precautions they should take. It provides an index by country, related links, and information on relevant publications.(23/Mar/2006)
In English       WHO  

ALCUEH: Health Collaboration Program among Latin American, the Caribbean and European countries
ALCUEH is a project that convokes expert professionals, researchers, decision-makers and representatives of agencies, interested in making alliances, in order to analyze relevant problems related to health, to identify possible strategies and solutions which can help improve health conditions in industrialized or developing countries.(13/Mar/2006)
In English       ALCUEH  
en español     ALCUEH  

Neglected Diseases: Search Page for PAHO and WHO Information
This page contains a list of neglected (primarily tropical) diseases of importance in Latin America and the Caribbean, with links to sites or autosearches with information on them. PAHO is developing a multi-disease approach to the prevention, control, or elimination of the diseases in this area.(1/Feb/2006)
In English       HTML(25.96k)  
en español     HTML(28.28k)  
en Français    HTML(27.41k)  

Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis
This comprehensive article in WHO's weekly epidemiological report outlines the present status of lymphatic filariasis in the world and the WHO global strategy to eliminate the disease. It includes data tables and summary information on endemic countries. (article starts on second page)(10/Jun/2005)
In English       WHO/WER  
en Français    OMS/REH  

CIDA: Canadian International Development Agency
CIDA is one of PAHO's main partners, among others in the fight against Chagas disease in Central America. Its mission? Helping people to help themselves. With assistance from countries like Canada, the developing countries of the world have made real progress over the past 40 years.(6/Jun/2005)
In English       CIDA  
en español    
CIDA  
en Français   
ACDI  

ECLAT: European Community - Latin American Network for Research on the Biology and Control of Triatominae
The general objective of ECLAT is to provide a coordinated network promoting collaborative research on the biology and control of Triatominae, in support of Chagas disease control programmes throughout Latin America. In addition to basic and applied research, the network also acts as a focus for discussion and liaison between research scientists, operational personnel, and industries involved in Chagas disease control. Research is focused on the comparative population genetics and dispersal (gene flow) of primary and secondary vector species, especially in relation to recolonisation of treated communities and the adaptive mechanisms involved in colonising new domestic and peridomestic habitats.(6/Jun/2005)
In English      
ECLAT  
en español     ECLAT  

JICA: Japan International Cooperation Agency
JICA is one of PAHO's main collaborators and is currently involved (among others) in a partership with PAHO and CIDA-Canada to fight Chagas disease in Central America. Its mission is as follows: "We, as a bridge between the people of Japan and developing countries, will advance international cooperation through the sharing of knowledge and experience and will work to build a more peaceful and prosperous world." It advances its activities around the pillars of a field-oriented approach, human security, and enhanced effectiveness, efficiency, and speed. (6/Jun/2005)
In English       JICA  
en español     JICA  

European Community: Chagas Disease Intervention Activities (CDIA/EC)
The EC is one of PAHO's main partners in the fight against Chagas Disease in the Region. The general objective of the CDIA-EC is to provide a concerted action that promotes collaboration in research in support of Chagas disease control programmes in the three regional initiatives: Southern Cone, Andean Pact and Central America. The concerted action will act as a focus for discussion and liaison between research scientists, operational personnel, industries, Ministries of Health and other stakeholders involved in Chagas disease control including health workers in general. In addition, it will play a strong catalytic role in promoting the various regional control initiatives. Therefore, CDIA will serve as a platform for dialog.(3/Jun/2005)
In English       CDIA-EC  
en español     CDIA-EC  

Useful Links: Chagas Disease / American Trypanosomiasis (WHO and other resources)
This page offers a list of electronically available resources on themes related to Chagas from WHO and other sites. It also includes links to international partners working in that area.(10/Feb/2005)
In English       HTML(9.34k)  
en español     HTML(10.45k)  

Malaria
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on malaria. The documents are organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a side bar containing frequently requested items, upcoming events, and/or new books.(25/Jan/2005)
In English       HTML(10.42k)  
en español     HTML(10.88k)  

Guidelines for Integrated Vector Management
The WHO Regional Office for Africa was the first to develop a framework to orient the implementation of Integrated Vector Management (IVM). The technical materials in this 36-page document are designed to guide the implementation process. There are additional sections on operational research, partnerships, sustainability, capacity-building and community mobilization.(16/Jul/2004)
In English       WHO/AFRO  

WHO Position on DDT Use in Disease Vector Control under the Stockholm Convention on Persistant Organic Pollutants
This two-page WHO fact sheet, designed for posting and quick reference, declares its position on DDT in relation to the Stockholm Convention on Persistant Organic Pollutants (POPs) and which governs the use of DDT at the international level.(15/Jul/2004)
In English       WHO  
en Français    OMS  

10 Things You Need to Know about DDT Use under the Stockholm Convention
This two-page WHO color fact sheet, perfect for posting and quick reference, provides the guidelines established by the United Nations Environment Programme at the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), governing the use of DDT.(14/Jul/2004)
In English       WHO  
en Français    OMS  

The Use of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests
Misdiagnosis of malaria results in significant morbidity and mortality. Rapid, accurate and accessible detection of malaria parasites has an important role in addressing this, and in promoting more rational use of increasingly costly drugs, in many endemic areas. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) offer the potential to provide accurate diagnosis to all at-risk populations for the first time, reaching those unable to access good quality microscopy services. This page offers access to the summary and the WHO color booklet.(13/Jul/2004)
In English       HTML(2.87k)  

PAHO Regional Program on Dengue
This page describes the PAHO Regional Program on Dengue, based in Panama: its mission and areas of work, encompassing the new Integrated Strategy for Dengue Prevention and Control, the Communciation for Behavioral Impact (COMBI) strategy, the global dengue surveillance network Dengue-Net, and its partnership with the International Network of Eco-Clubs.(25/Jun/2004)
In English       HTML(11.74k)  
en español     HTML(11.88k)  
en Français    HTML(12.86k)  
em Português HTML(11.87k)  

Yellow Fever
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on yellow fever (also referred to as "jungle yellow fever" or JYF). The documents are organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a customized sidebar with links to network and related information and key items.(24/May/2004)
In English       HTML(7.44k)  
en español     HTML(7.93k)  

Guidelines for Malaria Control Recommended by WHO Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Department, January 2004
This page links to the WHO documents that make up its recommended guidelines for malaria control and treatment. These guidelines can also be used for preparing proposals on malaria for submission to the 4th Round of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM).(31/Jan/2004)
In English       HTML(7.75k)  

Malaria Vector Control: Decision-Making Criteria and Procedures for Judicious Use of Insecticides
The purpose of this publication from the WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES) is to help to ensure the safe and effective use of insecticides in malaria vector control. The choice of the methods to use should be preceded by decisions on the composition of a selective approach to vector control that is specific in time and space and may or may not require the application of insecticides. This introduction positions chemical vector control within the context of an overall malaria control strategy. The link provided here is to the WHO full text (116 pp, PDF).(31/Dec/2003)
In English       WHOPES  
en español     WHOPES  
en Français    WHOPES  

Malaria Epidemics: Forecasting, Prevention, Early Detection and Control: From Policy to Practice (Report of an informal consultation, Leysin, Switzerland, 8–10 December 2003)
Malaria epidemics are some of the most serious public health emergencies with which health officials are confronted. Typically, they occur with little or no warning and in areas where the health system is generally unprepared to deal with the problem. The most important factor in reducing the impact of an epidemic is a timely response in which effective control measures are undertaken as soon as the episode has been detected. This page offers the executive summary of the meeting report and a link to the full text.(10/Dec/2003)
In English       HTML(13.2k)  

Guidelines for Integrated Vector Management: Needs Assessment
Implementation of the Integrated Vector Management (IVM) strategy requires evaluation of technical and capacity needs of implementing countries. This 32-page document provides guidelines and identifies barriers and gaps for improving vector-control programs, with an eye to the African Region: methodology, procedures, questionnaire, and a guide for conducting national stakeholders' meetings.(30/Sep/2003)
In English       WHO/AFRO  

Parasitic Diseases
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on parasitic diseases. The documents are organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a side bar containing frequently requested items, upcoming events, and/or new books.(22/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(7.31k)  
en español     HTML(7.61k)  

Leishmaniasis
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on leishmaniasis, a vector-borne disease transmitted by the sandfly. The documents are organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a side bar containing frequently requested items, upcoming events, and/or new books.(22/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(6.46k)  
en español     HTML(6.88k)  

WHO, List of Links on Communicable Diseases (by topic)
This list of links gives the user direct access to the main WHO pages on the various communicable diseases or on themes related to them.(9/Jul/2003)
In English       HTML(4.08k)  
en español     HTML(4.2k)  

Malaria (WHO Fact Sheet No. 94)
This official WHO fact sheet provides basic information on the disease, divided into several categories of frequently-asked questions. Malaria is an infection caused by a parasite and carried from person to person by mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable but kills more than one million people—-most of them young children in poverty-stricken areas-—each year. (1/Jul/2003)
In English       WHO  
en Français    WHO  

Lista de Participantes: V Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental (CI) de la Iniciativa Andina de Control de la Transmisión Vectorial y Transfusional de Chagas (Guayaquil, Ecuador, 7-9 mayo 2003)
Para promover redes e intercambio, se brinda esta lista de expertos en Chagas y funcionarios en salud de la subregión andina que participaron en la V. Reunión de InicAndina, Iniciativa Andina de Control de Chagas.(8/May/2003)
en español     HTML(12.39k)  

Lista de participantes: XII Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental del Cono Sur para la Eliminación de Triatoma infestans y la Interrupción de la Transmisión Transfusional de la Tripanosomiasis Americana (INCOSUR/Chagas) (3/2003)
Para promover redes e intercambio, se brinda esta lista de expertos en Chagas y funcionarios en salud del Cono Sur que participaron en la XII Reunión de INCOSUR/CHAGAS.(27/Mar/2003)
en español     HTML(18.54k)  

Malaria Rapid Diagnosis: Making It Work
This informal WHO consultation on field trials and quality assurance on malaria rapid diagnostic tests )RDTs) took place in Manila in January 2003. Early, rapid diagnosis of malaria is gaining increasing importance in health programs in endemic countries in response to increasing drug costs and recognition of the importance of early, correct treatment to the reduction in malaria morbidity and mortality. This page offers the executive summary and access to the 71-page color booklet from WHO.(23/Jan/2003)
In English       HTML(7.16k)  

WHO Disease Outbreak News
This link provides access to the latest WHO updates and archives on disease outbreaks throughout the world.(14/Nov/2002)
In English       WHO  
en español     OMS  
en Français    OMS  

WHO Definition of Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)
This link goes directly to the full, detailed WHO definition for Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis).(24/Jul/2002)
In English       WHO  

Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)
This page offers the user a panoramic view of all PAHO materials on Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), organized according to the following categories: surveillance, prevention and control, PAHO activities, Other PAHO Materials, and General Information/Links. It also contains a listing of featured items for all categories with the most important documents from each, and a side bar with links, frequently requested items, upcoming events, and/or new books.(24/Jul/2002)
In English       HTML(6.26k)  
en español     HTML(6.34k)  

Dengue in El Salvador
In recent months the endemic dengue disease has gotten worse in El Salvador, turning into a national priority. In light of this situation, the President has declared a state of emergency caused by Dengue in several departments. Although, the PAHO/WHO Representative Office in El Salvador is helping with these efforts, the resources are limited and necessary. For this reason, the Pan American Health Organization is calling on the international community to cooperate with this event.(24/Jun/2002)
In English       HTML(3.37k)  
en español     HTML(3.46k)  

Lista de participantes: XI Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental para la Eliminación de Triatoma infestans y la Interrupción de la Tripanosomiasis Americana por Transfusión (Asunción, Paraguay, 18-20 marzo 2002)
Este directorio de expertos en la enfermedad de Chagas de los países del Cono Sur y de funcionarios involucrados en los programas nacionales de esa subregión se incluye para propósitos de redes e intercambio.(18/Mar/2002)
en español     HTML(19.13k)  

Lista de participantes: Taller Participación Comunitaria Dengue (Proyecto Post-Mitch, San José, diciembre 2001)
Esta lista contiene información de contacto útil para fines de redes e intercambio en el área de comunicación social y prevención y control del dengue. En ella hay un listado de los expertos y/o actores sociales/políticos quienes participaron en el Taller, de los siguientes países: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, y la República Dominicana--además de los expertos de la OPS.(22/Dec/2001)
en español     HTML(7.76k)  

Monitoring Antimalarial Drug Resistance: Report of a WHO Consultation
The objectives of this consultation were to review and update WHO protocols for assessing the therapeutic efficacy of antimalarial drugs treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in areas with intense transmission and low-moderate transmission; review the draft guidelines for assessing the therapeutic efficacy of chloroquine for P. vivax malaria; review the role of in vitro tests and current methods for detecting molecular markers in the surveillance of resistance to antimalarial drugs; and define the technical and operational elements needed for strengthening surveillance of drug resistance of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria at the country level.(5/Dec/2001)
In English       WHO  

Lista de Participantes: Grupo de Trabajo OPS para Consulta en Planificación, Operativa, Estrategia y Evaluación de Etapas Avanzadas del Control Antivectorial en Enfermedad de Chagas (Montevideo, Uruguay, 13-14 noviembre 2001)
Este grupo de expertos nacionales en Chagas del Cono Sur y de funcionarios dedicados a programas nacionales para combatir esa enfermedad, se incluye para propósitos de redes e intercambio.(13/Nov/2001)
en español     HTML(6.17k)  

Interventions for Treating Schistosomiasis mansoni (Review)
This review from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews has as its objective the assessment of the effects of oxamniquine and praziquantel for treating Schistomiasis mansoni infection. Schistosoma mansoni is a parasite carried by freshwater snails (hence, the name of snail fever); it infects the intestine, liver, and spleen and can be fatal.(20/Mar/1999)
In English       Wiley InterScience