Typhoid Fever

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Technical Documents

International Health Regulations (IHR)
The International Health Regulations are an international legal instrument that covers measures for preventing the transnational spread of infectious diseases. The newly adopted IHR (2005) has as purpose and scope “to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade”. This page provides a detailed description and information on progress of its implementation, plus relevant links.(24/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(6.76k)  
en español     HTML(17.04k)  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)  

CSP27.R10: Regional Policy and Strategy for Ensuring Quality of Health Care, Including Patient Safety
This resolution from the 27th Pan American Sanitary Conference in 2007 sets forth the PAHO mandate for providing effective, safe, efficient, accessible, appropriate, and satisfactory care for users, recognizing that policies are needed in the health sector that will impact the health care continuum, foster citizen involvement, and promote a culture of quality and safety in health care institution.(3/Oct/2007)
In English       CSP27.R10  
en español     CSP27.R10  
en Français    CSP27.R10  
em Português CSP27.R10  

The 5 Key Ways Project: Adapting the WHO Manual on Food Safety for Use in Guatemalan Elementary Schools
Taking into account that schools are an important space to promote the development of healthy lifestyles in children, the manual Bringing Food Safety Home: Using the WHO Five Keys to Safer Food has been adapted for use in primary schools in Guatemala. This page describes the project and offers access to the three manuals, the poster, the INCAP fact sheet, and the progress report.(11/Jul/2006)
In English       HTML(6.48k)  
en español     HTML(6.88k)  

The 5 key ways to keep your food safe (Content Manual)
The purpose of this manual is to serve as tool or educational/reference guide for the educational community (elementary-school principals, teachers, and pupils, as well as local school boards) for teaching and learning five basic ways to keep food safe and prevent it from becoming contaminated. The contents have been adapted so that those in charge of preparing school meals can be trained in this subject, with the aim of ensuring safe and healthy food for students. This page offers an executive summary in English and access to the 34-page manual in Spanish.(10/Jul/2006)
In English       HTML(10.01k)  
en español     HTML(11.08k)   PDF(1164.6k)  

Communicable Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO: Aims, Strategies and Lines of Action
This page summarizes the mission, objectives, strategies and lines of action of the PAHO Communicable Disease Unit and describes what it hopes to accomplish through technical cooperation.(20/Jun/2006)
In English       HTML(5.57k)  
en español     HTML(5.91k)  

Preventing disease through healthy environments: Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease
How much disease could be prevented through better management of our environment? The environment influences our health in many ways — through exposures to physical, chemical and biological risk factors, and through related changes in our behaviour in response to those factors. To answer this question, the available scientific evidence was summarized and more than 100 experts were consulted for their estimates of how much environmental risk factors contribute to the disease burden of 85 diseases. This report summarizes the results globally, with the access page providing an abstract, an executive summary, and access to the e-book.(16/Jun/2006)
In English       WHO  

Management of Dead Bodies after Disasters: A Manual for First Responders
This Field Manual for First Responders presents simple recommendations for non-specialists to manage the recovery, basic identification, storage and disposal of dead bodies following disasters. It also makes suggestions about providing support to family members and communicating with the public and the media.(27/Mar/2006)
In English       HTML(6.19k)  
en español     HTML(6.42k)  

Regional Core Health Data System - Indicators Glossary
Definition, technical note, type, measure units, categories, and subcategories for each indicator in the Regional Core Health Data System(26/Oct/2004)
In English       HTML(0.57k)  
en español     HTML(0.6k)  

Mission d'investigation d'une rumeur d'épidémie à Ca Pierre, commune de Fon Batis, 7ème section communale d'Arcahaie, Haïti: Rapport final
Cette page offre le rapport final de l'équipe envoyé à investiguer des rumeurs d'une épidémie de typhoïde en Haïti, celle que l'on a confirmée quelques jours après. Le rapport décrit la historique de la rumeur, les objectifs de la mission, la confirmation d'une flambée épidémique, la recherche active de cas, les actions entreprises, la conclusion de la mission et les actions à entreprendre.(30/Jun/2004)
en Français    HTML    PDF   

Frequently Asked Questions on the Proposed Revision of the International Health Regulations (IHRs)
These 21 questions have been made available to the countries for the revision process of the International Health Regulations (IHRs) currently in progress. The revisions will be discussed and ratified during the upcoming World Health Assembly in May 2005.(17/Jun/2004)
In English       WHO: IHR FAQs  
en español     HTML(35.17k)  
en Français    OMS, Questions RSI  

CD44.R6: Primary Health Care in the Americas: Lessons Learned over 25 Years and Future Challenges
This resolution from the 44th PAHO Directing Council in 2003, taking into consideration the Declaration of Alma-Ata and past PAHO resolutions, sets forth the mandate of improving the quality of primary care in the Americas: more equitable access to health services, improved surveillance and information systems in this context, improved training for healthcare workers, a health promotion approach, better policy implementation, local community-based approaches and models, working towards the Millennium Development Goals, etc.(25/Sep/2003)
In English       CD44.R6  
en español     CD44.R6  
en Français    CD44.R6  
em Português CD44.R6