West Nile Virus

For more information, visit the West Nile Virus Page of the Disease Prevention and Control Area of the Pan American Health Organization.

   Other Resources
   Periodical Publications
   Technical Documents


International Clinical Trials Registry Platform
New standards for registration of human medical research (19 May 2006): WHO is urging research institutions and companies to register all medical studies that test treatments on patients or healthy volunteers. Registration of clinical trials –- including preliminary studies -- will be fundamental to ensuring transparency and fulfilling ethical responsibilities, thus publicly declaring and identifying the trials, so as to ensure that a minimum set of results be reported and made publicly available. This link to WHO provides access to the full text and other related articles in the Lancet. (22/May/2006)
In English       WHO  


Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals, 3rd edition. Vol. II Chlamydioses, Rickettsioses, and Viroses
This edition, published for the first time in three volumes, covers:

Volume I. Bacterioses and Mycoses
Volume II. Chlamydioses, Rickettsioses, and Viroses
Volume III. Parasitoses

This series provides a detailed overview of the most important historic and emerging zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, foot-and-mouth disease, influenza, giardiasis, Japanese encephalitis, shigellosis, spongiform encephalopathies, and West Nile fever, with information ranging from their first appearance and most important outbreaks to the latest scientific knowledge of the diseases and their causative agents. (8/Sep/2003)
In English       Online Bookstore  
en español     Librería en línea  


PANAFTOSA Bibliographical Database, Veterinary Public Health Virtual Library (VHS)
The Veterinary Public Health Virtual Library (VHL) of the Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PANAFTOSA) is the main repository for PAHO information on veterinary public health and zoonotic diseases. Its bibliographical database on scientific literature provides not only the reference but also an abstract and access to the downloadable full texts in PDF.(19/Sep/2005)
In English       PANAFTOSA  
en español     PANAFTOSA  
em Português PANAFTOSA  

Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health (VHL PANAFTOSA)
The goal of the Virtual Health Library in Veterinary Public Health of the Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease is to facilitate user access to different virtual information resources in the area of veterinary public health, at the national (i.e. in the countries) and international level.(16/Jan/2004)
In English       VHL PANAFTOSA  
en español     BVS PANAFTOSA  
em Português BVS PANAFTOSA  


West Nile Virus in Latin America and the Caribbean
This presentation of seven PowerPoint slides provides an update on the regional situation of West Nile Virus in the Region of the Americas, containing maps and the latest prevention and control strategies.(30/Jun/2003)
In English       PowerPoint  
en español     PowerPoint  

Other Resources

Integrated Vector Management (IVM)
Vector control is well suited for integrated approaches because some vectors are responsible for multiple diseases, and some interventions are effective against several vectors. The concept of IVM was developed as a result of lessons learned from integrated pest management, which is used in the agricultural sector; IVM aims to optimize and rationalize the use of resources and tools for vector control. This resource page links to WHO materials on IVM and to PAHO materials on vector-borne diseases (VBDs).(4/Sep/2008)
In English       HTML(7.74k)  
en español     HTML(8.29k)  

Investing in Global Health: 'Best Buys' and Priorities for Action in Developing Countries
These three new volumes from the World Bank Disease Control Priorities Project--Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (2nd ed.), Priorities in Health, and Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors--are part of an ongoing initiative to provide technical resources to improve the health systems, and ultimately the health of people, in developing countries.(3/Apr/2006)
In English       DCP Site  

Travelers' Health
This information published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC, a PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center), helps orient travelers on anything they should know and precautions they should take when travelling to a given country.(23/Mar/2006)
In English       CDC  

Periodical Publications

Epidemiological Alerts Archives, 2003–2008
(Note: Series renamed, formerly EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas.)
The purpose of these alerts is to disseminate information on the latest public-health events that have been identified as risks to health, trade, and/or international travel. Most of these events are primarily due to infectious agents, while others are due to chemical or physical agents. The PAHO Epidemiological Alerts published at the regional level (for the Americas) complement the WHO Disease Outbreak News published at the global level. The latest issues can be found at the new site, 2009 onwards.(3/Apr/2009)
In English       HTML(36.2k)  
en español     HTML(40.91k)  

West Nile Virus Activity in Latin America and the Caribbean
This article summarized current knowledge on the transmission of West Nile Virus (WNV) in tropical zones of the Americas. It was published in the Pan American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 19 (2), March 15, 2006, pp. 112-117. This link offers the full text in English and the abstract in Spanish.(15/Mar/2006)
In English       Pan American Journal of Public Health  
en español     Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública  

EID Weekly Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas, Vol. 2, No. 21—24 June 2004
This week's issue focuses on a report confirming the circulation of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Puerto Rico, and on the current situation of Jungle Yellow Fever (JYF) in the Americas, with information on outbreaks in Peru and Bolivia.(24/Jun/2004)
In English       HTML(6.61k)  
en español     HTML(7.06k)  

Technical Documents

CD48/13 - Integrated Vector Management: A Comprehensive Response to Vector-borne Diseases
CD48/13Integrated Vector Management: A Comprehensive Response to Vector-borne Diseases(14/Aug/2008)
In English       PDF(68.03k)  
en español     PDF(71.64k)  
en Français    PDF(72.58k)  
em Português PDF(68.46k)  

International Health Regulations (IHR)
The International Health Regulations are an international legal instrument that covers measures for preventing the transnational spread of infectious diseases. The newly adopted IHR (2005) has as purpose and scope “to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade”. This page provides a detailed description and information on progress of its implementation, plus relevant links.(24/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(6.76k)  
en español     HTML(17.04k)  

Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control at PAHO
This page describes the PAHO Technical Area for Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control(HSD), its mission and objectives, what it does in terms of projects and activities. It contains links to the four technical groups and the Pan American Center under its umbrella. Note: Prior to June 2006, the Area was named Disease Prevention and Control.(3/Jun/2008)
In English       HTML(5.65k)  
en español     HTML(6.44k)