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Health Surveillance and Disease Prevention and Control / Chronic Diseases / CARMEN

Mobilizing for Dietary Salt Reduction Policies and Strategies in the Americas: Expert & Country Consultation

(Miami, Florida, 13–14 January 2009)

salt shaker

Meeting Documentation (PDF)
- Final Report
- Agenda |  español |  português
- Executive Summary
- Conclusions
- Recommendations
- List of Participants

Background Documentation
World Health Organization
- Salt as a Vehicle for Fortification
- Less salt, less risk of heart disease and stroke: Reducing salt intake in populations | español
Public Health Agency of Canada
Dropping the Salt: Practical steps countries are taking to prevent chronic non-communicable diseases through population-wide dietary salt reduction | português

Presentations (PowerPoint PDF)
- Population-Wide Approaches to Dietary Sodium Reduction: Summary of Action in 50 Countries
- Role of Civil Society:World Hypertension League in Global Salt Reduction Efforts
- Preliminary Results from the Questionnaire on Salt Consumption in the Americas
- Dietary Sodium and the Health of Canadians
- Activities to Reduce Dietary Sodium in Canada
- Current Initiatives Canada: Food Labelling & National Task Force
- Salt: From Evidence to Implementation in the UK
- Salt Reduction Strategies in Australia
- Epidemiology and Impact of Salt-Consumption-Related Chronic Diseases in Latin America
- Task Force for the.Reduction of Salt Consumption in the Chilean Population | español
- Panel: How the United Kingdom’s experience has influenced other countries—Argentina | español
- US Industry Approaches to.Salt Reduction
- Corporate Efforts from the Food Industry in Argentina: Fargo

Press Release: See CNCD Newsletter, 1/2009

CARMEN Network


WHO: Chronic Diseases

CARMEN Policy Observatory

Purpose: Document the policies and initiatives in the Americas Region aimed at reducing dietary salt to prevent and control chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs), and to feature relevant experiences in CARMEN countries and in other countries and WHO Regions. Reach consensus on the Regional-, subregional- and national-level initiatives that can advance dietary salt reduction in the Americas and identify next steps for each.


  • Participants gain a common understanding of the sodium sources and intake levels in countries of the Americas as well as any salt reduction policies and strategies that are emerging or in effect.
  • Participants learn about salt reduction initiatives in countries outside the Americas and in other WHO Regions, and what interventions are proving effective.
  • Participants reach a consensus on next steps, to include:
    • Options for country-specific, sub-regional or regional actions appropriate to the Caribbean, Central and South American countries that will engage governments, civil society and private industry.
    • Joint projects to advance the development of salt reduction policies and strategies within the CARMEN network.
    • Resources needed to support next steps and potential sources to approach.


The meeting concluded with PAHO, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), and the country participants making a commitment to work on creating greater visibility of the issue, since salt is not only a problem for people with hypertensive disease but also a problem of the entire population; moreover, even a modest reduction in population salt intake results in a major improvement in public health.

It was agreed that dietary salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective public measures available, and one that is relatively feasible in collaboration with industry and governments. However, it is not well appreciated how huge a contribution salt makes to the burden of chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs). It is important to educate both the public and policy-makers, as well as industry.

It was agreed to put the topic on the regional and subregional agendas, to look for national and regional advocates and champions, and to work on standardizing information. Information was also provided on opportunities for promotion through organization such as SLAN (the International Latin American Congress on Nutrition held in November 2009 in Chile) and such new actors as the Food and beverage Alliance formed by six largest food and beverage companies, which cover 80% of world market, and SALCA, the South American consumer association.


  • Dietary salt is a very strategic issue for PAHO and its Member Countries. An active effort to reduce salt consumption should be made as part of the PAHO Regional Strategy on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, and lessons should be learned from the Trans Fat Free Americas initiative.
  • There should be follow-up with PAHO technical areas and PHAC on convening a Regional Task Force on Salt Reduction Policies, and on improving the assessment of the situation as part of developing a more detailed plan for 2009-2010, to include policy recommendations and targets.
  • The country participants present and the CARMEN network should be considered as primary networks for distributing all materials related to salt, which should be translated into Spanish and Portuguese.
  • Internal awareness should be raised on the importance of salt reduction policies, e.g. a technical discussion session within the PAHO Health Surveillance and Disease Management Area with online information-sharing via Elluminate.
  • Specific issues and targets should be included within the objectives of the Partners' Forum.

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

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