Health Surveillance and Disease Management / Veterinary Public Health / Rabies
Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Rabies in the Americas, 2005–2009
Full Text (in Spanish, 33 pp, PDF, via the Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health / VHL at PANAFTOSA; chapter headings translated below for user orientation)
Summary (text to right)
More PAHO Materials on Rabies
Evaluation Methodology: Elimination of Human and Dog Rabies in Latin America
Situation Analysis: Elimination of Dog-Transmitted Human Rabies in Latin America (Results of Study)
Epidemiological Situation of Rabies in Latin America in 2004, PAHO Epidemiological Bulletin, Vol 26, No. 1, March 2005)
REDIPRA: Meetings of Directors of National Programs for Rabies Control in Latin America
RIMSA: Inter-American Meeting, at Ministerial Level, on Health and Agriculture
Goal: To prevent avoidable rabies cases.
The Action Plan for the Elimination of Urban Rabies from the Principal Cities of Latin America which has been in force since 1983, was the result of the 3rd RIMSA and of the XXXI PAHO Directing Council; its objectives were expanded at the IV REDIPRA (PAHO/WHO, 1992) to the elimination of dog transmitted rabies in small conglomerates and rural areas and emphasize was made on the importance of wildlife rabies.
Since 1983 the occurrence of dog transmitted rabies has diminished steadily: a reduction in approximately 90% of human and canine cases was registered. Wildlife transmitted rabies registered a cyclic and recurrent behavior; stress is made on the persistence of non-mitigated risk factors of vampire bats transmitted rabies in tropical and subtropical areas.
Having good prospects for the elimination of dog transmitted rabies and for the prevention of rabies transmitted by other species, some determinants were identified which make probable unfavorable scenarios if appropriate measures are not taken. Among these the most troubling are the:
Under this scenario, it was considered appropriate to promote a review of the Pan American actions for the prevention of the avoidable rabies cases setting the aims of completing the process of elimination of dog transmitted rabies and to diminish the risk of rabies transmitted through other species, though four components: