Tropical Storm Jeanne in Haiti
Preliminary Outline of Emergency Needs
23 September 2004
Tropical storm Jeanne brought heavy rains to the Dominican
Republic and Haiti. On Saturday 18 September the city of Gonaives in
Haiti was hit by serious floods, leaving an estimated 80% of the city
of 104,000 in urgent need of drinking water, food, shelter and medical
care. Initial assessments by interagency teams with reported almost
half the city was under 1.5-2.5 meters of water. The national authorities
are speaking of 1000 confirmed deaths, while the death toll continues
to rise. In addition to the floods in Gonaives, relatively minor floods
occurred in towns and villages in the North, North-West and Artibonite
provinces of Haiti. Some villages are completely cut off by high river
levels and are in urgent need of food, fuel and medical supplies. Access
to these villages is only possible by helicopter and assessment of the
situation is difficult.
The infrastructure in Gonaives, already weakened by years
of instability and chronic underdevelopment, is now almost destroyed.
The municipal drinking water system is destroyed; there are no functioning
health structures, and electric and telecommunication systems are extremely
limited. Receding water levels have left large amounts of mud and wreckage
in the streets. Fuel supplies are limited as are the possibilities of
moving around in the city.
PAHO Response and Needs Assessment