PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
Untitled Document
Millennium Development Goals
Untitled Document

PAHO - Millennium Development Goals


Technical Areas

Working on MDG 3


Gender, Ethnicity & Health Unit



Mrs. Mercedes Juarez

Unit Chief


Gender & Equity Policy

In September 2005, the 46th Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization approved PAHO’s Gender Equality Policy, which contributes to the achievement of gender equality in regards to health status and development in the Americas. This includes equity in access to health care, optimal health status for both men and women, equal participation for both men and women in regards to their health, and equal distribution of men and women in health development work (public and private spheres).


Gender and Health

In order to achieve MDG3, PAHO has compiled Gender, Health and Development in the Americas- Basic Indicators 2005, with all the statistical information necessary to facilitate efforts to obtain each target. Through statistical information, it assists in decision-making processes, and prioritizes this information to the needs of the most vulnerable groups.


Gender and Violence

In 2003, PAHO published Violence against Women: the Health Sector Responds, which addresses the issues of violence of women, and the collaboration of various regional levels (community, national, and international) to advocate awareness. The Gender and Ethnicity Unit also works to explore the relationship between sexual and domestic violence in relation to HIV/AIDS


Regional Learning Programs

In collaboration with the regional unit of the United Nations Fund for Population activities (INFPA) and the World Bank Institute (WBI), PAHO has designed a regional learning program for Latin America and the Caribbean on reproductive health, gender equity, and health sector reform. This aims to inform both individuals and institutions to understand the reforms on equity and human rights.



Although ethnicity is not explicitly discussed in MDG3, it is an underlying theme when analyzing gender issues. The Ethnicity and Health Project was created in response to the World Conference against Racism, in 2001. In collaboration with various external and internal counterparts, the Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Unit hope to reduce the health inequalities that exist due to gender and ethic/racial issues.




Regional Situation Analysis

Target 4 Over the last few decades, Latin American countries have made strong progress in terms of education coverage at the primary level and considerable headway at the secondary and tertiary levels for girls and women. Much remains to be done particularly in terms of economic, ethnic-racial and geographical inequalities.

Health targets  Health Indicators

Target 4

Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and at all levels of education no later than 2015

* target directly related to health


It is thus clear that the objectives set out in the Beijing Platform for Action, adopted in 1995, are still relevant, especially with regard to the elimination of factors of discrimination that prevent countries from attaining universal education coverage and a 100% rate of primary-school completion among both girls and boys, as well as equal access to secondary and tertiary education for young people of both sexes.


Transformations in the labor market and women’s educational achievements have not been matched by changes in the distribution of family responsibilities. This places the region on an equal footing with other regions where women have the primary responsibility for unpaid household work and care-giving activities.




PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
Develop a global partnership for development Ensure environmental sustainability Combat HIV/AIDs, malaria and other diseases Improve maternal health Reduce child mortality Promote gender equality and empower women Achieve universal primary education Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger