PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
Untitled Document
Millennium Development Goals
Untitled Document

PAHO - Millennium Development Goals


Technical Areas


on MDG 7


Sustainable Development & Environmental Health




Risk Assessment and

Management Unit (SDE/RA)


Dr. Samuel Henao

Regional Advisor, Environmental Quality


Healthy Settings Unit (SDE/HS)

Dr. Maria Teresa Cerqueira

Unit Chief


Dr. Marilyn.Rice

Regional Adviser in Healthy

Municipalities and Communities


CEPIS Pan American Center

for  Sanitary Engineering and Environmental Sciences



Dr. Mauricio Pardon



Dr. Homero Silva

Regional Advisor for Sanitation

Country Office



Collaborating Centers





Water for life: Equity and Quality of Services, Inter American Water Day 2005



Evaluación de los efectos de la contaminación del Aire en la Salud America Latina y el Caribe



Evaluación Regional de Servicios de Manejo de Residuos Sólidos



Report on the regional evaluation of municipal solid waste management services in Latin America and the Caribbean





Healthy Cities

(Public Service Announcement)

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Health &

the Environment

( Public Service Announcement)

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Healthy Kids,

Powerful Kids


>>Watch Video




Regional Situation Analysis



Target 10 On average countries of the region have made significant efforts to broaden the coverage of drinking water and sanitation services. Progress has been made, but the situation is still a serious cause of concern in many countries. Overall, the Region has abundant water resources, but lacks the infrastructure to provide adequate service coverage. Almost 80 million people in the region still lack access to safe water, and more than 100 million do not have access to sanitation services. In both cases, the rural poor are the group most seriously affected. Populations that lack these services are obliged to seek alternative solutions, many of which result in unreliable water quality, as well as high costs for consumers and negative environmental impacts.


MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Health targets  Health Indicators

Target 9

Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources 29. Proportion of population using solid fuels

Target 10

Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and sanitation 30. Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural

Target 11

By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers 31. Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural

* target directly related to health

In Latin America and the Caribbean, access to improved water sources increased from 83% in 1990 to 89% in 2002. Thus, coverage has already risen by 6 out of the 8.5 percentage points required in order to meet the target. In urban areas, coverage has increased by 2 percentage points (from 93% in 1990 to 95% in 2002), compared to a total required increase of 3.5 points by 2015. In rural areas, coverage rose by 11 points between 1990 and 2002 (from 58% to 69%), out of a total required increase of 21 points by 2015. Given the progress made in expanding the coverage of drinking water services between 1990 and 2002, many countries in the region are well positioned to meet this dimension of the target if they maintain their annual rates of expansion of coverage over the coming decade.

In the region as a whole, between 1990 and 2002, the sanitation coverage increased from 69% overall, 82% in urban areas and 35% in rural areas to 75% overall, 84% in urban areas and 44% in rural areas. Thus, coverage at these three levels has risen by 6, 2 and 9 percentage points, respectively, out of the total required increases of 15.5, 9 and 32.5 points. The outlook of achieving the target is therefore less promising and varies more widely from one country to another than the water target. The countries that will have to work the hardest in order to meet the target for sanitation are Nicaragua, Haiti, Saint Lucia, Bolivia and Guatemala.

For in-depth information please visit;

The Millennium Development Goals a Caribbean and Latin American Perspective

Report on the regional evaluation of municipal solid waste management services in Latin America and the Caribbean

PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
PAHO - Millennium Development Goals
Develop a global partnership for development Ensure environmental sustainability Combat HIV/AIDs, malaria and other diseases Improve maternal health Reduce child mortality Promote gender equality and empower women Achieve universal primary education Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger